Housing fulfills the basic human need for shelter and is a strong measure of a community's cost of living, relative wealth and general prosperity.  In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.

Homeownership rates have remained steady across the region and on par with the state at 70%. 
Rates were similar across the Mid-Hudson Valley, except Putnam County with the highest rate at 82%. 

The Mid-Hudson Valley experienced a decrease in the rate of homelessness since 2007.
In 2018, there were 17 homeless people per 10,000 residents in the region. Among the counties, Ulster County had the highest rate at 26 homeless people per 10,000 residents, followed by Sullivan County (25) while Orange County had the lowest rate at 13 homeless people per 10,000 residents in 2018. The region’s rate of homelessness decreased by 13% between 2007 and 2018,  lower than the 21% decline in the national rate. 

Owning a home has become harder in the Mid-Hudson Valley, with rising home values and income not keeping pace.
The affordability ratio (median home value divided by household income) was 3.6 in the region in 2013-17, up from 2.7 in 2000. Across the region, ratios ranged from a low of 3.1 in Sullivan County to a high of 3.7 in Columbia - all above the 3.0 considered affordable.

Rental housing has become less affordable  between 2000 and 2013–17, similar to state and national trends.
Region-wide, 34% of the median household income went to cover rent in 2013-17, above the federal affordability guideline that housing should cost no more than 30% of household income. In 2013-17, renters in Greene County spent 41% of their income on rent, below Columbia, Putnam,  and Sullivan (each 31%) renters, but above the 28% spent in the state. These proportions were up from 2000, 7 points in the region, 14 points in Greene and 9 points in Ulster and Orange counties. 

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Decreasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Household Types Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Maintaining
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Increasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing