Housing






Housing fulfills the basic human need for shelter and is a strong measure of a community's cost of living, relative wealth and general prosperity.  In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.

Homeownership rates have remained steady across the region and on par with the state at 71%. 
Rates were similar across the Mid-Hudson Valley, except Putnam County with the highest rate at 84% in 2018-22. Rates varied greatly based on race/ethnicity with Whites and Asian rates at 75% and 73% respectively compared to 56% for Hispanics and 45% for African Americans.

The Mid-Hudson Valley experienced a decrease in the rate of homelessness since 2007.
In 2022, there were 15 homeless people per 10,000 residents in the region, or nearly 1,500 people. Among the counties, Ulster County had the highest rate at 22 homeless people per 10,000 residents, followed by Dutchess County (21). Orange County had the lowest rate at 8 homeless people per 10,000 residents in 2022. The region’s rate of homelessness decreased by 21% between 2007 and 2022,  higher than the 19% decline in the national rate. 

Owning a home has become harder in the Mid-Hudson Valley has become more affordable since 2008-12, but homeownership remains unaffordable for many.
The affordability ratio (median home value divided by household income) was 3.6 in the region in 2018-22, down from 4.2 in 2008-12. Across the region, ratios ranged from a low of 3.2 in Sullivan County to a high of 3.7 in Ulster, Dutchess and Orange counties - all approximately at or above the 3.0 considered affordable.

Rental housing has become more affordable  between 2008-12 and 2018–22, similar to the state trend.
Region-wide, 32% of the median household income went to cover rent in 2018-22, above the federal affordability guideline that housing should cost no more than 30% of household income. Renters in Orange and Ulster had the highest shares of income going to rent (both at 35%) while Greene, Putnam, and Sullivan had the lowest at 30%. All counties were above the 27% spent statewide (excluding NYC). These shares remained fairly steady from 2008-12 in every county except Putnam and Sullivan which saw 8 and 5 point decreases respectively. Rental housing was considered less affordable for African American who spent 35% of their income on rent compared to Asian and Hispanic renters (both 30%) and White renters (29%). 





INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Increasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
Households Receiving SNAP Maintaining
Food Insecurity Decreasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Newly Diagnosed Cases of HIV Decreasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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