Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group, 2019

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Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group, 2019

What does this measure?

The percent of students tested who scored at level 3 or above--meeting or exceeding the state standard--on the state Grade 4 English exam, broken down by student subgroup. The test is scored by placing a student's performance in one of four levels.

Why is this important?

Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.

How is the region performing?

In 2019, 27% of low-income students in the region passed the exam, compared to 28% of other fourth-graders. By comparison, the state (excluding NYC) rate was 29% for low-income students. Ulster and Greene Counties economically disadvantaged students had the lowest proficient rate among peer counties at 21% and Dutchess had the highest (34%). Chester Union and Monticello had the lowest percentage of economically disadvantaged students achieving English proficiency at 11% followed by Coxsackie-Athens (13%). Cornwall had the highest passage rate at 62% followed by Red Hook and Sullivan West (both at 58%).

English Language Learners and students with disabilities (both at 7%) in the region achieved proficiency rates in 2019 much lower than all other students and the economically disadvantaged. In the region, English Language Learners in the Red Hook District had the highest proficiency rates in grade 4 ELA (33%) followed by Pine Bush at 29%. Across the region, students with disabilities attained the highest proficiency in Columbia at 20%. Also in Columbia County, Kinderhook Central School District's students with disabilities achieved the highest proficiency at 40%.

It should be noted that a substantial number of students did not take state exams in 2019 due to parent concerns about testing in schools. The large percentage of students not taking the exam may have an effect on overall achievement levels and should therefore give caution when interpreting results. The opt out rate was 22% for the Region and was 16% in Columbia, 21% in Dutchess, 13% in Greene, 23% in Orange, 31% in Putnam, 11% in Sullivan, and 26% in Ulster.

Notes about the data

Changes in the state's testing program over the last decade impact the comparability of test results year to year. In addition to the shift to Common Core Standards in 2013, the state in 2010 revised scoring of its tests, raising the threshold for passing. The Common Core was adopted in most states to better prepare students for success beyond high school by emphasizing problem solving, understanding and synthesis, comprehension of nonfiction text, and other higher-order thinking skills. Students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch are considered low-income. Test results for small groups of students were not disclosed to protect student privacy. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter.

Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group, 2019
Economically DisadvantagedEnglish Language LearnersStudents with DisabilitiesTotal
Columbia County24%4%20%40%
Dutchess County34%6%9%47%
Greene County21%17%0%28%
Orange County28%9%7%40%
Putnam County31%3%8%51%
Sullivan County22%2%5%30%
Ulster County21%0%5%33%
NYS (excluding NYC)29%8%11%45%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central14%41%
Germantown Central14%47%
Hudson City21%0%14%26%
Kinderhook Central38%17%40%56%
New Lebanon Central53%62%
Taconic Hills Central19%0%33%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central27%0%13%48%
Beacon City47%13%57%
Dover Union Free36%11%8%41%
Hyde Park Central29%0%8%36%
Millbrook Central50%57%
Northeast Central29%0%17%38%
Pawling Central41%0%58%
Pine Plains Central33%10%29%
Poughkeepsie City28%4%6%30%
Red Hook Central58%33%7%59%
Rhinebeck Central38%0%56%
Spackenkill Union Free50%0%64%
Wappingers Central36%7%9%49%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central29%28%
Catskill Central23%0%31%
Coxsackie-Athens Central13%0%21%
Greenville Central14%23%
Hunter-Tannersville Central25%46%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central33%38%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free11%0%18%
Cornwall Central62%25%75%
Florida Union Free48%58%
Goshen Central21%8%35%
Greenwood Lake Union Free64%
Highland Falls Central34%10%45%
Middletown City24%6%3%29%
Minisink Valley Central31%0%40%
Monroe-Woodbury Central25%11%11%41%
Newburgh City29%7%7%36%
Pine Bush Central26%29%2%41%
Port Jervis City26%5%32%
Tuxedo Union Free88%
Valley Central21%5%39%
Warwick Valley Central47%16%70%
Washingtonville Central17%5%34%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central22%0%0%33%
Carmel Central45%10%5%49%
Garrison Union Free88%
Haldane Central15%14%63%
Mahopac Central23%13%46%
Putnam Valley Central54%18%76%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central18%19%
Fallsburg Central14%0%22%
Liberty Central30%0%0%36%
Livingston Manor Central44%63%
Monticello Central11%0%3%17%
Sullivan West Central58%20%61%
Tri-Valley Central24%0%34%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central23%0%25%
Highland Central30%0%43%
Kingston City17%0%2%26%
Marlboro Central21%12%38%
New Paltz Central38%22%46%
Onteora Central29%10%49%
Rondout Valley Central17%9%36%
Saugerties Central23%6%28%
Wallkill Central34%0%42%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Number of Students Passing Grade 4 English, by Student Group, 2019
Economically DisadvantagedEnglish Language LearnersStudents with DisabilitiesTotal
Columbia County55111164
Dutchess County3528321,127
Greene County3910111
Orange County51426361,456
Putnam County6517379
Sullivan County9415200
Ulster County145012436
NYS (excluding NYC)13,7195521,41042,751
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central217
Germantown Central216
Hudson City200332
Kinderhook Central111649
New Lebanon Central921
Taconic Hills Central11029
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central39011231
Beacon City443106
Dover Union Free201136
Hyde Park Central350373
Millbrook Central727
Northeast Central60112
Pawling Central13046
Pine Plains Central9116
Poughkeepsie City702398
Red Hook Central222169
Rhinebeck Central5042
Spackenkill Union Free9046
Wappingers Central7318325
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central1120
Catskill Central13034
Coxsackie-Athens Central5024
Greenville Central414
Hunter-Tannersville Central413
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central26
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free3010
Cornwall Central235138
Florida Union Free1033
Goshen Central12264
Greenwood Lake Union Free9
Highland Falls Central11125
Middletown City9752150
Minisink Valley Central19073
Monroe-Woodbury Central3026161
Newburgh City1841110303
Pine Bush Central4041116
Port Jervis City28256
Tuxedo Union Free7
Valley Central19286
Warwick Valley Central234159
Washingtonville Central11166
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central180065
Carmel Central291187
Garrison Union Free28
Haldane Central2139
Mahopac Central9283
Putnam Valley Central7277
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central37
Fallsburg Central9020
Liberty Central280045
Livingston Manor Central412
Monticello Central160135
Sullivan West Central19347
Tri-Valley Central12027
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central20029
Highland Central11038
Kingston City4602117
Marlboro Central15353
New Paltz Central6232
Onteora Central10135
Rondout Valley Central10241
Saugerties Central15241
Wallkill Central12050

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group, 2013
Economically DisadvantagedEnglish Language LearnersStudents with DisabilitiesTotal
Columbia County11%0%0%22%
Dutchess County15%1%4%29%
Greene County9%0%17%
Orange County16%4%4%29%
Putnam County21%3%5%40%
Sullivan County10%0%1%18%
Ulster County14%4%2%27%
NYS (excluding NYC)15%2%4%32%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central11%0%25%
Germantown Central14%0%28%
Hudson City13%0%0%16%
Kinderhook Central14%0%35%
New Lebanon Central17%21%
Taconic Hills Central5%0%15%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central18%7%2%33%
Beacon City14%2%24%
Dover Union Free14%5%15%
Hyde Park Central11%0%4%16%
Millbrook Central14%0%34%
Northeast Central17%0%18%
Pawling Central32%0%42%
Pine Plains Central13%0%22%
Poughkeepsie City10%0%2%11%
Red Hook Central16%0%44%
Rhinebeck Central0%0%34%
Spackenkill Union Free17%12%35%
Wappingers Central20%0%6%35%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central11%0%15%
Catskill Central3%0%11%
Coxsackie-Athens Central15%0%24%
Greenville Central0%0%11%
Hunter-Tannersville Central15%0%27%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central14%0%25%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free14%0%33%
Cornwall Central26%33%10%45%
Florida Union Free29%31%
Goshen Central20%0%8%35%
Greenwood Lake Union Free33%0%34%
Highland Falls Central14%11%25%
Middletown City14%3%0%17%
Minisink Valley Central18%4%22%
Monroe-Woodbury Central19%4%10%37%
Newburgh City14%4%1%21%
Pine Bush Central24%0%2%34%
Port Jervis City8%0%18%
Tuxedo Union Free61%
Valley Central22%8%40%
Warwick Valley Central21%7%48%
Washingtonville Central13%0%21%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central26%0%5%38%
Carmel Central27%14%4%46%
Garrison Union Free71%
Haldane Central11%40%
Mahopac Central13%0%9%38%
Putnam Valley Central5%0%32%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central29%27%
Fallsburg Central11%0%18%
Liberty Central13%0%20%
Livingston Manor Central11%31%
Monticello Central6%0%0%11%
Sullivan West Central17%0%31%
Tri-Valley Central5%0%10%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central13%0%0%17%
Highland Central27%0%37%
Kingston City9%0%3%20%
Marlboro Central12%31%
New Paltz Central24%4%46%
Onteora Central41%17%0%44%
Rondout Valley Central11%0%23%
Saugerties Central11%2%20%
Wallkill Central9%0%22%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Number of Students Passing Grade 4 English, by Student Group, 2013
Economically DisadvantagedEnglish Language LearnersStudents with DisabilitiesTotal
Columbia County2600116
Dutchess County166118931
Greene County19075
Orange County30610271,337
Putnam County42110461
Sullivan County4201127
Ulster County10726468
NYS (excluding NYC)7,11111272339,072
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central3021
Germantown Central3015
Hudson City120021
Kinderhook Central3036
New Lebanon Central27
Taconic Hills Central3016
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central2712227
Beacon City16157
Dover Union Free8116
Hyde Park Central140246
Millbrook Central3030
Northeast Central509
Pawling Central7041
Pine Plains Central2015
Poughkeepsie City290138
Red Hook Central4072
Rhinebeck Central0028
Spackenkill Union Free4236
Wappingers Central4709316
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central6014
Catskill Central2012
Coxsackie-Athens Central8026
Greenville Central009
Hunter-Tannersville Central208
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central106
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free3025
Cornwall Central1124125
Florida Union Free217
Goshen Central100267
Greenwood Lake Union Free5021
Highland Falls Central4114
Middletown City622091
Minisink Valley Central10272
Monroe-Woodbury Central1917200
Newburgh City8752180
Pine Bush Central3701143
Port Jervis City9034
Tuxedo Union Free11
Valley Central275137
Warwick Valley Central73133
Washingtonville Central11067
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central140294
Carmel Central2012150
Garrison Union Free15
Haldane Central122
Mahopac Central606139
Putnam Valley Central1041
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central512
Fallsburg Central9019
Liberty Central8021
Livingston Manor Central114
Monticello Central110026
Sullivan West Central4020
Tri-Valley Central209
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central100020
Highland Central12048
Kingston City240499
Marlboro Central641
New Paltz Central10185
Onteora Central201052
Rondout Valley Central8038
Saugerties Central11139
Wallkill Central6046

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Decreasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing