Children And Youth
Children Living in Poverty

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Children Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2020, the threshold for a four-person family was $26,246.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is the region performing?

The estimated proportion of children living in poverty increased slightly in the region from 2000 to 2016-20, similar to the state (excluding NYC) and national trends. In 2016-20, 14% of children in the region lived in poverty, up 1 point from 2000 but lower than the rate in 2011-15. The 2016-20 rate was similar to the state (excluding NYC) and below the national rate of 17%.

Within the region, Sullivan County had the highest percentage of children living in poverty (18%). Putnam had among the lowest rates (6%). Since 2000, Columbia and Ulster counties had the largest increase in its child poverty rate (3 percentage points). Rates decreased since 2000 in Greene and Sullivan (2 and 4 points respectively), but were essentially flat in Dutchess, Orange and Putnam.

Among cities, towns and villages in the region for which reliable data was available, child poverty was highest in Kiryas Joel (42%), Port Jervis (38%), and Kingston (31%) in 2016-20.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Children Living in Poverty
20002006-102011-152016-20
Region13%14%16%14%
Columbia County12%14%17%15%
Dutchess County9%11%12%10%
Greene County16%17%*17%15%*
Orange County15%17%20%17%
Putnam County5%4%*5%*6%*
Sullivan County23%23%26%18%
Ulster County14%15%14%16%
NYS (excluding NYC)13%14%17%15%
U.S.17%19%22%17%
Columbia Cities
Hudson38%39%***34%*29%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram5%17%***37%***14%***
Austerlitz7%5%***22%***18%***
Canaan6%3%***9%***13%***
Chatham7%7%***17%***7%***
Claverack7%11%***19%***18%***
Clermont9%13%***23%**6%***
Copake12%14%***9%***4%***
Gallatin4%7%***10%***9%***
Germantown11%1%***9%***0%***
Ghent4%13%***16%***16%***
Greenport13%29%***20%***29%***
Hillsdale9%32%***5%***37%***
Kinderhook6%3%***5%***8%***
Livingston4%18%***13%***17%***
New Lebanon17%10%***8%***21%***
Stockport22%10%***9%***16%***
Stuyvesant6%0%***24%***12%***
Taghkanic15%4%***49%***7%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham9%5%***14%***11%***
Kinderhook3%11%***2%***5%***
Philmont16%19%***26%***47%***
Valatie14%3%***15%***10%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon17%27%*18%*12%***
Poughkeepsie32%37%35%29%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia3%16%***0%***29%***
Beekman5%3%***6%***6%***
Clinton3%3%***4%***6%***
Dover11%4%***16%**20%***
East Fishkill3%5%***4%**2%***
Fishkill6%4%***15%*5%***
Hyde Park6%12%***14%**13%**
La Grange4%8%***3%***1%***
Milan5%0%***4%***11%***
North East20%4%***4%***4%***
Pawling1%4%***3%***9%**
Pine Plains15%2%***9%***22%***
Pleasant Valley7%6%***5%***6%***
Poughkeepsie6%11%*12%*10%*
Red Hook8%6%***3%***6%***
Rhinebeck8%6%***10%***9%***
Stanford3%11%***11%***17%***
Union Vale2%2%***2%***8%***
Wappinger5%5%***7%**7%**
Washington11%7%***15%***18%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill9%4%***10%***12%***
Millbrook5%16%***9%***21%***
Millerton25%12%***13%***11%***
Pawling4%5%***6%***13%***
Red Hook8%15%***3%***7%***
Rhinebeck11%3%***23%***24%***
Tivoli13%15%***0%***0%***
Wappingers Falls15%20%***20%***17%***
Greene Towns
Ashland29%0%***13%***17%***
Athens12%18%***8%***1%***
Cairo11%30%***15%***8%***
Catskill22%22%**20%**19%**
Coxsackie16%9%***17%**10%***
Durham9%24%***17%***37%**
Greenville15%14%***26%***14%***
Halcott45%0%***0%***34%***
Hunter24%22%***18%***18%***
Jewett22%0%***31%***29%***
Lexington16%34%***52%***40%***
New Baltimore10%5%***4%***0%***
Prattsville16%23%***40%***21%***
Windham6%1%***5%***8%***
Greene Villages
Athens12%5%***7%***2%***
Catskill30%34%***30%**26%***
Coxsackie14%8%***14%***4%***
Hunter22%8%***48%***0%***
Tannersville29%0%***0%***30%***
Orange Cities
Middletown26%24%*31%19%*
Newburgh36%35%47%27%*
Port Jervis26%18%***23%*38%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove5%9%***11%**10%**
Chester5%1%***5%***3%***
Cornwall8%5%***5%***3%***
Crawford4%3%***10%***7%***
Deerpark11%15%***20%**10%***
Goshen3%4%***5%***5%***
Greenville5%2%***9%***1%***
Hamptonburgh5%4%***6%***5%***
Highlands5%5%***7%**4%***
Minisink7%0%***5%***18%***
Monroe40%47%45%5%***
Montgomery10%5%***9%**9%**
Mount Hope8%3%***18%***11%***
New Windsor6%6%***3%***5%**
Newburgh3%9%**9%*13%**
Tuxedo2%0%***1%***12%***
Wallkill12%8%**7%**19%*
Warwick4%4%***7%**2%***
Wawayanda2%5%***6%***3%***
Woodbury4%3%***7%**20%**
Orange Villages
Chester8%4%***11%***7%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson3%21%***5%***5%***
Florida8%4%***2%***5%***
Goshen1%2%***6%***8%***
Greenwood Lake8%14%***0%***0%***
Harriman2%0%***16%***9%***
Highland Falls6%14%***11%***0%***
Kiryas Joel64%66%58%42%
Maybrook8%15%***10%***4%***
Monroe4%13%***13%**3%***
Montgomery9%5%***5%***5%***
Otisville11%12%***9%***7%***
South Blooming Grove4%***10%***39%***
Tuxedo Park3%0%***5%***13%***
Unionville6%0%***0%***20%***
Walden13%8%***18%***21%**
Warwick4%1%***11%***4%***
Washingtonville3%4%***13%***2%***
Woodbury3%***7%***20%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel1%3%***3%**8%**
Kent5%3%***9%**2%***
Patterson6%2%***6%***4%***
Philipstown5%4%***5%***4%***
Putnam Valley7%7%***5%***5%***
Southeast9%6%***5%***6%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster14%14%***18%***22%***
Cold Spring7%2%***15%***7%***
Nelsonville6%0%***0%***2%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel24%24%***23%***20%***
Callicoon11%26%***17%***2%***
Cochecton10%25%***23%***12%***
Delaware29%29%***7%***41%***
Fallsburg31%32%*43%25%*
Forestburgh4%15%***5%***25%***
Fremont22%7%***0%***0%***
Highland23%19%***18%***11%***
Liberty20%22%*23%**17%**
Lumberland16%28%***12%***8%***
Mamakating10%5%***11%*11%**
Neversink14%15%***3%***17%***
Rockland23%23%***33%**10%***
Thompson35%33%*38%24%*
Tusten9%10%***4%***37%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg18%12%***21%***60%**
Jeffersonville0%22%***35%***18%***
Liberty14%16%***31%***25%***
Monticello50%36%**47%*33%**
Woodridge42%28%***24%***8%***
Wurtsboro12%14%***36%***0%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston24%24%*29%26%*
Ulster Towns
Denning16%8%***2%***16%***
Esopus11%8%***4%***15%***
Gardiner9%5%***9%***0%***
Hardenburgh3%0%***28%***0%***
Hurley8%2%***10%***33%***
Kingston12%2%***2%***31%***
Lloyd9%13%***11%***15%***
Marbletown7%2%***7%***18%***
Marlborough10%14%***7%***7%***
New Paltz9%7%***7%**8%***
Olive5%14%***16%***11%***
Plattekill13%15%***14%**14%**
Rochester17%19%***7%***20%***
Rosendale20%3%***3%***10%***
Saugerties11%10%***14%*8%***
Shandaken14%28%***2%***79%**
Shawangunk8%8%***9%***8%***
Ulster11%11%***18%**26%**
Wawarsing25%37%*22%*20%**
Woodstock15%12%***6%***23%***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville32%45%**22%***24%***
New Paltz19%32%***7%***3%***
Saugerties18%20%***16%***3%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Children Living in Poverty
20002006-102011-152016-20
Region35,24638,73940,14833,089
Columbia County1,7711,7131,9051,475
Dutchess County6,2967,4687,0565,668
Greene County1,7281,637*1,4411,088*
Orange County14,71017,36219,91215,848
Putnam County1,1641,038*1,052*1,099*
Sullivan County4,0804,0984,1482,896
Ulster County5,4975,4234,6345,015
NYS (excluding NYC)343,954366,162408,755339,607
U.S.11,711,49113,980,49715,760,76612,598,699
Columbia Cities
Hudson671524***462*317**
Columbia Towns
Ancram1739***103***28***
Austerlitz2112***59***37***
Canaan197***23***27***
Chatham6664***125***61***
Claverack101105***197***168***
Clermont4874***98**22***
Copake8379***55***15***
Gallatin1424***30***23***
Germantown495***35***0***
Ghent50150***140***128***
Greenport116209***151***171***
Hillsdale34158***16***59***
Kinderhook12264***83***146***
Livingston28100***74***67***
New Lebanon9648***31***53***
Stockport17244***45***86***
Stuyvesant310***105***60***
Taghkanic337***73***7***
Columbia Villages
Chatham4126***29***29***
Kinderhook741***4***11***
Philmont6153***97***47***
Valatie6611***64***27***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon6311,001*486*365***
Poughkeepsie2,3802,7422,4491,685*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia30179***0***290***
Beekman190124***180***203***
Clinton2828***35***47***
Dover25785***295**271***
East Fishkill237409***313**155***
Fishkill228140***628*177***
Hyde Park300502***513**450**
La Grange185348***96***22***
Milan330***19***44***
North East13828***20***20***
Pawling2773***61***144**
Pine Plains957***48***78***
Pleasant Valley168131***90***104***
Poughkeepsie561922*1,065*740*
Red Hook209124***58***118***
Rhinebeck11679***110***107***
Stanford2883***61***95***
Union Vale2218***15***97***
Wappinger305360***382**329**
Washington12885***132***127***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill2113***44***33***
Millbrook1363***29***32***
Millerton6428***20***20***
Pawling2425***27***55***
Red Hook3270***9***30***
Rhinebeck5918***110***69***
Tivoli3528***0***0***
Wappingers Falls172252***230***171***
Greene Towns
Ashland520***20***17***
Athens107135***51***6***
Cairo159416***171***83***
Catskill602487**495**293**
Coxsackie246136***234**132***
Durham51157***81***272**
Greenville121111***173***84***
Halcott210***0***30***
Hunter17389***75***101***
Jewett470***18***13***
Lexington2532***63***25***
New Baltimore7638***20***0***
Prattsville2631***32***16***
Windham225***8***16***
Greene Villages
Athens4916***13***6***
Catskill330333***303**79***
Coxsackie10656***75***23***
Hunter344***16***0***
Tannersville360***1***46***
Orange Cities
Middletown1,8021,816*2,1081,355*
Newburgh3,2663,0854,4521,933*
Port Jervis628436***507*638*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove230422***428**498**
Chester16238***105***74***
Cornwall260181***164***72***
Crawford8470***224***158***
Deerpark240276***348**145***
Goshen93120***153***137***
Greenville6020***103***9***
Hamptonburgh6363***82***57***
Highlands12882***173**131***
Minisink730***68***198***
Monroe5,0928,3208,201290***
Montgomery585307***470**517**
Mount Hope10559***218***112***
New Windsor360388***167***293**
Newburgh216672**640*785**
Tuxedo130***8***78***
Wallkill748520**471**1,165*
Warwick354301***500**160***
Wawayanda37107***102***59***
Woodbury11179***220**571**
Orange Villages
Chester6830***80***41***
Cornwall-on-Hudson26151***35***31***
Florida5624***17***35***
Goshen925***74***88***
Greenwood Lake6592***0***0***
Harriman110***91***83***
Highland Falls4982***68***0***
Kiryas Joel4,7777,9667,6966,413
Maybrook78112***55***23***
Monroe94340***299**71***
Montgomery9855***53***50***
Otisville3229***23***27***
South Blooming Grove28***77***391***
Tuxedo Park40***8***11***
Unionville90***0***25***
Walden250128***304***347**
Warwick5621***161***52***
Washingtonville5251***161***31***
Woodbury79***191***521***
Putnam Towns
Carmel124279***238**533**
Kent179112***259**63***
Patterson16848***154***90***
Philipstown11486***97***70***
Putnam Valley188233***113***114***
Southeast391280***191***229**
Putnam Villages
Brewster6272***76***102***
Cold Spring275***51***28***
Nelsonville100***0***4***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel204189***133***143***
Callicoon77139***92***12***
Cochecton3280***54***35***
Delaware225121***34***181***
Fallsburg843905*1,362735*
Forestburgh822***9***25***
Fremont7812***0***0***
Highland11968***87***34***
Liberty459517*497**400**
Lumberland80191***71***35***
Mamakating298137***293*274**
Neversink142157***23***116***
Rockland227184***230**76***
Thompson1,2611,347*1,256727*
Tusten2729***7***103***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg114***27***149**
Jeffersonville014***17***12***
Liberty127169***301***291***
Monticello871708**719*513**
Woodridge9848***41***20***
Wurtsboro4330***66***0***
Ulster Cities
Kingston1,2751,345*1,5011,248*
Ulster Towns
Denning1910***3***13***
Esopus226165***46***166***
Gardiner12050***110***0***
Hardenburgh10***10***0***
Hurley11417***110***343***
Kingston234***4***48***
Lloyd198332***241***296***
Marbletown10117***79***192***
Marlborough224296***143***110***
New Paltz190121***131**152***
Olive51101***116***50***
Plattekill354378***269**273**
Rochester336291***109***278***
Rosendale28240***27***79***
Saugerties486396***533*275***
Shandaken92115***7***161**
Shawangunk208261***215***171***
Ulster322271***376**578**
Wawarsing7171,082*556*418**
Woodstock158131***48***164***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville399597**278***245***
New Paltz8248***35***12***
Saugerties169133***116***27***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Decreasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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