Education
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20

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Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20

What does this measure?

The number of residents with a particular level of education, expressed as a percentage of all residents 25 and older, broken down by race and ethnicity.

Why is this important?

An educated population makes a more attractive workforce and is better prepared to instruct the next generation of residents. High educational attainment represents a region's investment in human capital and preparation for long-term growth.

How is the region performing?

The proportion of residents with a bachelor's degree or higher in 2016-20 was highest among Asian residents (53%) in the Mid-Hudson Valley, followed by white (35%), African American (23%), and Hispanic (22%) residents. These disparities in educational levels among racial and ethnic groups were very similar to those at the state level (excluding NYC).

From 2000 to 2016-20, rates for residents with a bachelor's degree or higher rose 11 percentage points for African American residents, 10 points for whites, 9 points for Hispanics residents, and dropped 3 points for Asian residents.

Local areas with particularly high shares of white residents with a bachelor's degree or higher included Tuxedo Park village in Orange (83%) and New Paltz village in Ulster (71%). The populations in some local areas, when broken down by race and ethnicity, were too small to yield reliable survey results.

Why do these disparities exist?

There are a variety of factors believed to contribute to disparities in educational attainment. School systems in the United States are highly segregated, and students of color disproportionately attend schools with high proportions of low-income students who may not have benefited from early learning opportunities at the same rate as other students. Schools also have different levels of resources ranging from qualified/experienced teachers to advanced courses to facilities and technology, and schools with large Black and Latino populations often have lower levels. In addition, teachers across all school systems tend to be disproportionately white, and teaching practices and curriculum may not be culturally relevant to students of color. Low staff expectations at racially and economically segregated schools also contribute disparities in educational attainment. The accumulation of inequities leads to lower graduation rates and college matriculation, with college affordability acting as another barrier. When Black and Latino students enter higher education institutions, they are less likely to attain a college a degree given weaker academic preparation and financial hardship.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.


Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Region21%31%28%29%
Columbia County30%*23%**27%*28%
Dutchess County18%29%27%29%
Greene County27%***13%**22%*26%
Orange County24%36%30%30%
Putnam County23%**21%*25%26%
Sullivan County13%**31%*26%29%
Ulster County18%*26%28%29%
NYS (excluding NYC)15%31%25%28%
U.S.18%33%25%29%
Columbia Cities
Hudson33%***22%**25%***23%*
Columbia Towns
Ancram0%***0%***24%***18%*
Austerlitz33%***N/A***52%***23%
Canaan0%***N/A***48%***27%*
Chatham0%***49%***39%***30%
Claverack10%***9%***70%***31%*
Clermont17%***0%***26%***30%
Copake39%***0%***26%***16%*
Gallatin17%***81%***35%***23%*
Germantown0%***40%***12%***35%
GhentN/A***61%***32%***38%
Greenport26%***6%***45%***24%*
HillsdaleN/A***N/A***29%***26%*
Kinderhook7%***0%***29%***25%
Livingston81%***33%***14%***27%*
New Lebanon100%***N/A***0%***42%*
StockportN/A***0%***11%***30%*
StuyvesantN/A***0%***14%***43%*
Taghkanic0%***0%***11%***22%*
Columbia Villages
Chatham0%***53%***88%***41%*
Kinderhook0%***N/A***0%***23%*
Philmont0%***39%***35%***36%**
Valatie0%***0%***45%***21%*
Dutchess Cities
Beacon28%***53%**24%**26%
Poughkeepsie6%***30%21%*29%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia100%***0%***8%***23%*
Beekman15%***25%*20%**30%
Clinton0%***15%***15%***26%*
Dover50%***27%***45%*31%
East Fishkill25%***31%***50%*26%
Fishkill11%***21%*27%*28%
Hyde Park34%***39%**32%**31%
La Grange16%***25%***21%**29%
Milan17%***0%***20%***34%*
North East33%***40%***29%***25%*
Pawling0%***21%***30%**27%
Pine PlainsN/A***100%***30%***23%*
Pleasant Valley27%***18%***38%***28%
Poughkeepsie14%**23%*25%*29%
Red Hook8%***38%***40%***26%
Rhinebeck0%***0%***26%***25%
Stanford18%***31%***24%***30%*
Union Vale0%***6%***31%***30%
Wappinger20%***42%*25%*34%
Washington8%***60%***21%***28%
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill0%***12%***8%***25%*
Millbrook47%***85%***28%***33%*
Millerton37%***85%***39%***28%**
Pawling0%***55%***30%***30%*
Red Hook0%***0%***0%***18%**
Rhinebeck0%***N/A***7%***28%*
Tivoli0%***0%***91%***21%*
Wappingers Falls25%***27%***29%**40%*
Greene Towns
Ashland0%***100%***47%***27%*
Athens68%***0%***11%***26%
Cairo34%***0%***25%***28%
Catskill0%***24%***35%***21%
Coxsackie33%***9%***10%***24%
Durham53%***0%***0%***36%*
Greenville0%***53%***0%***29%*
Halcott0%***N/A***0%***17%**
Hunter0%***N/A***0%***37%*
Jewett0%***N/A***65%***25%*
LexingtonN/A***N/A***61%***33%*
New BaltimoreN/A***32%***11%***23%*
PrattsvilleN/A***N/A***N/A***18%*
WindhamN/A***0%***91%***27%*
Greene Villages
Athens63%***0%***15%***28%*
Catskill0%***21%***59%***22%*
Coxsackie100%***0%***8%***33%*
HunterN/A***N/A***0%***31%***
TannersvilleN/A***N/A***N/A***21%***
Orange Cities
Middletown25%***43%28%32%
Newburgh7%***32%*19%*24%*
Port Jervis39%***7%***35%***24%
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove5%***37%**46%**38%
Chester43%***25%***30%**32%
Cornwall19%***68%***36%**24%
Crawford0%***21%***20%***35%
Deerpark11%***51%***49%***35%
Goshen15%***22%***27%**28%
Greenville21%***99%***53%***35%*
Hamptonburgh41%***32%***19%***28%*
Highlands4%***14%***27%**23%
Minisink42%***18%***25%***32%
Monroe29%***23%**30%*30%
Montgomery20%***33%**47%*33%
Mount Hope24%***37%***31%**38%
New Windsor29%***39%*30%*28%
Newburgh32%***39%*25%*32%
Tuxedo10%***55%***76%***25%*
Wallkill36%***42%*37%36%
Warwick18%***38%**31%*29%
Wawayanda14%***38%***30%***28%
Woodbury17%***37%**47%**37%
Orange Villages
Chester0%***25%***23%***36%*
Cornwall-on-Hudson28%***42%***19%***31%*
Florida9%***43%***41%**35%
Goshen23%***80%***27%**30%*
Greenwood Lake54%***52%***14%***35%*
Harriman12%***50%**31%**26%*
Highland Falls6%***15%***24%***29%*
Kiryas JoelN/A***60%***26%***20%
Maybrook82%***20%***55%**40%
Monroe25%***15%***25%**26%
Montgomery5%***55%***38%***23%*
Otisville34%***38%***28%***41%**
South Blooming GroveN/A***21%***25%***41%*
Tuxedo Park15%***50%***60%***13%**
UnionvilleN/A***0%***37%***28%**
Walden0%***31%***47%**40%*
Warwick0%***0%***29%***24%*
Washingtonville10%***50%**18%***30%*
Woodbury19%***31%***50%***38%
Putnam Towns
Carmel33%***28%***40%*27%
Kent20%***22%***15%**24%
Patterson17%***18%***20%**25%
Philipstown31%***30%***27%***20%
Putnam Valley36%***0%***15%***26%
Southeast10%***33%***21%*28%
Putnam Villages
Brewster21%***35%***10%***27%*
Cold Spring24%***0%***17%***16%*
Nelsonville0%***0%***26%***16%**
Sullivan Towns
BethelN/A***0%***49%***34%*
Callicoon47%***89%***38%***33%*
Cochecton75%***27%***28%***33%*
Delaware0%***61%***18%***34%*
Fallsburg12%***24%**23%**31%
Forestburgh80%***0%***51%***22%
FremontN/A***30%***18%***20%**
Highland100%***55%***47%***23%*
Liberty20%***28%***19%***27%
Lumberland0%***0%***48%***36%*
Mamakating16%***61%**29%**30%
NeversinkN/A***76%***32%***36%*
Rockland0%***0%***18%***22%*
Thompson4%***20%**27%**26%
Tusten21%***87%***29%***34%*
Sullivan Villages
BloomingburgN/A***0%***0%***27%***
Jeffersonville0%***0%***38%***45%**
Liberty31%***32%***20%***28%*
Monticello0%***12%***26%**28%*
Woodridge25%***67%***20%***32%**
Wurtsboro27%***N/A***30%***27%*
Ulster Cities
Kingston14%***22%*28%**26%
Ulster Towns
Denning0%***N/A***0%***28%*
Esopus54%***0%***6%***36%
GardinerN/A***0%***56%***27%*
Hardenburgh0%***N/A***N/A***30%**
Hurley56%***0%***0%***29%
KingstonN/A***N/A***78%***40%*
Lloyd20%***54%***14%***28%
Marbletown0%***6%***52%***29%*
Marlborough12%***23%***33%***32%
New Paltz19%***27%***42%***22%
Olive0%***57%***11%***23%*
Plattekill0%***21%***25%***29%
Rochester6%***0%***41%***26%*
Rosendale20%***35%***18%***34%
Saugerties37%***21%***32%***33%
Shandaken7%***100%***51%***34%*
Shawangunk57%***28%**31%**32%
Ulster18%***37%***27%**27%
Wawarsing24%***31%***26%*31%
Woodstock10%***8%***34%***26%
Ulster Villages
Ellenville29%***45%***21%***37%**
New Paltz0%***0%***0%***14%**
Saugerties0%***21%***37%***38%*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Adults, by Education Level and Race/Ethnicity, 2016-20
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Region4,19620,52127,379183,492
Columbia County227*378**476*11,679
Dutchess County1,2216,3245,86647,091
Greene County101***226**377*8,417
Orange County1,7689,92013,46355,370
Putnam County370**485*2,33815,889
Sullivan County133**1,208*1,82012,595
Ulster County376*1,9803,03932,451
NYS (excluding NYC)45,543201,679187,9301,747,547
U.S.2,342,9168,761,3828,492,95747,929,591
Columbia Cities
Hudson126***178**67***733*
Columbia Towns
Ancram0***0***8***166*
Austerlitz5***0***15***291
Canaan0***0***12***347*
Chatham0***99***14***763
Claverack2***12***56***1,259*
Clermont4***0***24***419
Copake19***0***9***415*
Gallatin5***13***11***240*
Germantown0***6***11***501
Ghent0***43***52***1,367
Greenport12***13***50***663*
Hillsdale0***0***8***278*
Kinderhook5***0***77***1,458
Livingston34***14***38***656*
New Lebanon15***0***0***756*
Stockport0***0***6***490*
Stuyvesant0***0***11***664*
Taghkanic0***0***7***213*
Columbia Villages
Chatham0***25***56***446*
Kinderhook0***0***0***249*
Philmont0***11***13***262**
Valatie0***0***22***221*
Dutchess Cities
Beacon62***702**370**1,888
Poughkeepsie14***2,063742*3,439
Dutchess Towns
Amenia8***0***30***591*
Beekman38***432*249**2,271
Clinton0***16***16***802*
Dover21***79***440*1,785
East Fishkill305***154***693*4,432
Fishkill91***565*636*3,793
Hyde Park143***525**245**3,586
La Grange92***89***236**2,660
Milan9***0***22***557*
North East19***23***31***520*
Pawling0***31***195**1,446
Pine Plains0***4***20***398*
Pleasant Valley22***33***223***1,749
Poughkeepsie169**933*728*6,324
Red Hook16***36***68***1,639
Rhinebeck0***0***81***1,422
Stanford21***10***77***712*
Union Vale0***8***56***798
Wappinger182***592*680*5,368
Washington9***29***28***911
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill0***9***14***333*
Millbrook9***22***14***346*
Millerton19***23***20***153**
Pawling0***6***81***403*
Red Hook0***0***0***226**
Rhinebeck0***0***9***519*
Tivoli0***0***10***124*
Wappingers Falls72***124***215**1,059*
Greene Towns
Ashland0***5***16***172*
Athens50***0***25***746
Cairo25***0***68***1,289
Catskill0***99***117***1,663
Coxsackie17***100***55***1,200
Durham9***0***0***556*
Greenville0***9***0***767*
Halcott0***0***0***36**
Hunter0***0***0***694*
Jewett0***0***39***169*
Lexington0***0***11***192*
New Baltimore0***13***7***516*
Prattsville0***0***0***100*
Windham0***0***39***317*
Greene Villages
Athens35***0***11***357*
Catskill0***67***93***527*
Coxsackie17***0***5***665*
Hunter0***0***0***84***
Tannersville0***0***0***76***
Orange Cities
Middletown153***1,7601,7143,189
Newburgh27***1,245*1,562*1,748*
Port Jervis42***15***231***1,213
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove5***424**779**3,436
Chester107***144***464**2,047
Cornwall31***118***286**1,905
Crawford0***82***141***1,905
Deerpark17***173***159***1,657
Goshen43***155***486**2,292
Greenville16***79***131***937*
Hamptonburgh95***11***75***885*
Highlands19***102***192**909
Minisink11***12***73***858
Monroe186***207**757*2,661
Montgomery37***512**1,010*4,202
Mount Hope34***328***217**1,378
New Windsor227***1,057*1,259*3,509
Newburgh228***1,281*1,051*5,111
Tuxedo3***83***142***568*
Wallkill303***1,541*1,5334,621
Warwick82***171**485*5,794
Wawayanda13***129***110***1,120
Woodbury89***288**545**2,048
Orange Villages
Chester0***90***169***712*
Cornwall-on-Hudson11***19***24***570*
Florida4***20***143**558
Goshen18***59***234**946*
Greenwood Lake63***17***15***716*
Harriman23***191**154**258*
Highland Falls13***88***67***473*
Kiryas Joel0***3***61***1,377
Maybrook28***68***256**797
Monroe59***65***321**971
Montgomery3***168***154***529*
Otisville19***8***38***339**
South Blooming Grove0***62***73***558*
Tuxedo Park3***2***9***53**
Unionville0***0***15***87**
Walden0***231***255**1,275*
Warwick0***0***123***1,100*
Washingtonville5***312**120***794*
Woodbury66***183***522***2,007
Putnam Towns
Carmel69***97***989*6,113
Kent60***116***260**1,913
Patterson18***128***268**1,797
Philipstown48***53***161***1,295
Putnam Valley126***0***103***1,851
Southeast49***91***557*2,920
Putnam Villages
Brewster4***19***94***216*
Cold Spring12***0***12***215*
Nelsonville0***0***12***65**
Sullivan Towns
Bethel0***0***95***995*
Callicoon14***34***32***630*
Cochecton3***14***20***343*
Delaware0***152***28***548*
Fallsburg31***235**378**1,911
Forestburgh4***0***25***151
Fremont0***10***28***200**
Highland9***23***43***425*
Liberty37***106***215***1,325
Lumberland0***0***49***467*
Mamakating13***216**231**2,034
Neversink0***42***31***825*
Rockland0***0***19***516*
Thompson17***322**618**1,862
Tusten5***54***8***363*
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg0***0***0***59***
Jeffersonville0***0***17***100**
Liberty37***64***175***495*
Monticello0***127***387**668*
Woodridge24***24***8***99**
Wurtsboro3***0***13***193*
Ulster Cities
Kingston45***567*495**2,937
Ulster Towns
Denning0***0***0***101*
Esopus7***0***15***2,322
Gardiner0***0***25***977*
Hardenburgh0***0***0***40**
Hurley15***0***0***1,254
Kingston0***0***66***290*
Lloyd28***157***96***1,805
Marbletown0***23***60***1,042*
Marlborough9***61***114***1,937
New Paltz5***89***215***1,427
Olive0***13***22***724*
Plattekill0***92***307***1,841
Rochester5***0***142***1,200*
Rosendale8***39***30***1,280
Saugerties36***49***233***4,319
Shandaken10***10***95***757*
Shawangunk118***307**366**2,676
Ulster29***172***243**2,213
Wawarsing43***399***492*2,115
Woodstock18***2***23***1,194
Ulster Villages
Ellenville32***188***123***612**
New Paltz0***0***0***280**
Saugerties0***6***78***951*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Decreasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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