Financial Stability
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21

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People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21

What does this measure?

The estimated proportion of people in various racial and ethnic groups with incomes below the poverty line. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2021, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $27,479.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people in poverty in various race and ethnic groups is a measure of the overall economic health of these groups. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports.

How is the region performing?

In 2017-21, poverty rates in the Mid-Hudson Valley were highest among Black or African American residents at 17%, and Hispanic residents at 14%, followed by white residents at 9% and Asian residents at 12%. The differences between the groups were similar to those at the statewide (excluding NYC) and national levels, though the region's poverty rates among African American residents is 3 percentage points lower than the state. Poverty rates for African American residents were 5 points lower than the nation, 4 points lower for Hispanics, and 1 point lower for white residents, while Asians saw a rate 2 points above the nation. From 2000 through 2017-21, poverty rates decreased a bit for all groups in the region except white residents, for whom the rate increased 1 point. The rate remained unchanged for Asian residents and dropped 6 points for African American residents.

Among counties with statistically reliable results, the Hispanic poverty rate varied widely, from 12% in Orange, to 15% in Dutchess, to 26% in Ulster. The rate for white residents was highest in Sullivan and Ulster counties, at 12%, and lowest in Putnam, at 5%. The populations in most local areas, when broken down by race and ethnicity, were too small to yield reliable survey results.

Why do these disparities exist?

These large and persistent disparities in poverty rates are the result of historic and current policies and practices that disadvantaged people of color. Research has connected slavery and the inability of Black Americans even after emancipation to fully participate in economic life to the wealth and income gaps still present today. In addition, these differences are attributed to the complex interplay of conditions including gender, occupation, family structure, education, employment status, wages, incarceration, unemployment and discrimination. African American workers across industries tend to earn lower wages than their White and Asian American peers. While education, especially the absence of a high school diploma, increases the likelihood of poverty, education credentials do not eliminate racial disparities. African Americans experience unemployment at twice the rate of Whites regardless of education level. Also, the disproportionate and systemic incarceration of Black and Latino males decreases job prospects and increases the likelihood of poverty.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). For some small areas, Census did not have enough data to report results at all and N/A is shown in the data table.

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)11%20%15%9%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County23%***27%***30%***23%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0%***0%***0%***6%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0%***N/A***8%***4%**
Canaan town, Columbia County5%***100%***4%***6%**
Chatham town, Columbia County75%***0%***0%***7%**
Claverack town, Columbia County57%***19%***6%***10%***
Clermont town, Columbia County0%***100%***9%***5%***
Copake town, Columbia County0%***100%***0%***8%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0%***21%***11%***7%**
Germantown town, Columbia County0%***0%***5%***7%***
Ghent town, Columbia County0%***21%***8%***7%**
Greenport town, Columbia County14%***8%***35%***10%**
Hillsdale town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***53%***12%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County9%***67%***12%***6%**
Livingston town, Columbia County40%***21%***0%***11%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County0%***N/A***0%***10%**
Stockport town, Columbia CountyN/A***7%***3%***7%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia CountyN/A***25%***38%***10%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County45%***68%***11%***7%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County75%***0%***0%***7%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0%***N/A***8%***3%***
Philmont village, Columbia County0%***46%***9%***20%***
Valatie village, Columbia County0%***0%***40%***4%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County1%***13%***14%***8%**
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County42%***28%*18%**13%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County50%***16%***37%***14%**
Beekman town, Dutchess County18%***13%***16%***5%**
Clinton town, Dutchess County11%***41%***19%***4%***
Dover town, Dutchess County0%***30%***18%***16%*
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County2%***4%***5%***3%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County11%***9%***6%***5%*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County16%***13%***41%***8%*
La Grange town, Dutchess County4%***10%***17%***3%**
Milan town, Dutchess County0%***63%***9%***10%***
North East town, Dutchess County20%***4%***2%***12%**
Pawling town, Dutchess County16%***7%***19%***5%**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess CountyN/A***20%***1%***14%**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County27%***6%***17%***7%**
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County9%***7%***16%**7%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County13%***12%***7%***9%*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County8%***67%***10%***6%*
Stanford town, Dutchess County0%***75%***25%***7%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0%***4%***7%***10%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County2%***12%***7%**5%*
Washington town, Dutchess County0%***6%***28%***7%**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0%***0%***3%***10%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0%***8%***32%***10%***
Millerton village, Dutchess County43%***0%***5%***9%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0%***41%***27%***5%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***11%**
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County4%***100%***18%***5%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County80%***17%***79%***26%**
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County0%***7%***24%***3%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0%***0%***8%***15%***
Athens town, Greene County0%***10%***0%***7%***
Cairo town, Greene County0%***26%***5%***9%**
Catskill town, Greene County23%***31%***10%***12%*
Coxsackie town, Greene County0%***26%***0%***7%***
Durham town, Greene County0%***95%***36%***14%***
Greenville town, Greene County0%***0%***0%***5%***
Halcott town, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***13%***
Hunter town, Greene County0%***N/A***74%***18%**
Jewett town, Greene County0%***N/A***11%***12%***
Lexington town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***29%***4%***
New Baltimore town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***2%***
Prattsville town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***19%**
Windham town, Greene County0%***0%***0%***9%*
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0%***83%***0%***10%***
Catskill village, Greene County23%***27%***22%***17%***
Coxsackie village, Greene County0%***100%***0%***8%***
Hunter village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***28%***
Tannersville village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***18%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County9%***20%***20%**12%*
Newburgh city, Orange County1%***23%**20%*20%*
Port Jervis city, Orange County72%***55%***20%***20%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County19%***1%***6%***8%***
Chester town, Orange County0%***2%***1%***6%**
Cornwall town, Orange County0%***1%***3%***3%**
Crawford town, Orange County0%***14%***8%***6%**
Deerpark town, Orange County0%***10%***17%***13%**
Goshen town, Orange County0%***1%***13%***4%**
Greenville town, Orange County0%***0%***0%***3%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County63%***7%***0%***4%***
Highlands town, Orange County0%***2%***15%***4%***
Minisink town, Orange County0%***0%***1%***10%***
Monroe town, Orange County0%***6%***5%***4%***
Montgomery town, Orange County3%***11%***6%***10%*
Mount Hope town, Orange County6%***4%***2%***3%***
New Windsor town, Orange County4%***6%***5%***6%**
Newburgh town, Orange County12%***11%***7%***7%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County23%***20%***38%***4%**
Wallkill town, Orange County14%***9%***11%**9%*
Warwick town, Orange County4%***9%***11%***5%*
Wawayanda town, Orange County0%***6%***12%***6%***
Woodbury town, Orange County0%***8%***5%***4%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0%***5%***2%***6%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0%***0%***10%***4%***
Florida village, Orange County0%***51%***4%***9%***
Goshen village, Orange County0%***0%***18%***5%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0%***0%***9%***0%***
Harriman village, Orange County0%***0%***4%***5%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0%***2%***31%***7%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange CountyN/A***20%***15%***41%
Maybrook village, Orange County0%***1%***5%***8%**
Monroe village, Orange County0%***15%***2%***5%***
Montgomery village, Orange County0%***0%***3%***8%***
Otisville village, Orange County10%***0%***2%***4%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange CountyN/A***6%***16%***21%***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County20%***0%***0%***3%***
Unionville village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***8%***
Walden village, Orange County0%***19%***1%***23%**
Warwick village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***6%***7%***
Washingtonville village, Orange County31%***0%***6%***7%**
Woodbury village, Orange County0%***11%***5%***4%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County0%***12%***5%***5%**
Kent town, Putnam County0%***6%***11%***5%**
Patterson town, Putnam County5%***14%***9%***8%**
Philipstown town, Putnam County0%***9%***11%***6%*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County69%*0%***4%***3%***
Southeast town, Putnam County23%***5%***10%***4%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0%***14%***20%***17%**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County0%***0%***24%***7%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0%***100%***4%***4%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan CountyN/A***100%***0%***11%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County16%***100%***0%***5%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0%***31%***23%***9%**
Delaware town, Sullivan County0%***14%***50%***16%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County0%***52%***14%***15%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0%***0%***60%***7%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0%***95%***6%***2%***
Highland town, Sullivan CountyN/A***90%***5%***8%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County18%***37%***14%***13%**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0%***30%***4%***7%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County22%***9%***2%***11%*
Neversink town, Sullivan CountyN/A***28%***55%***9%***
Rockland town, Sullivan County12%***30%***27%***12%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County3%***27%***21%**17%*
Tusten town, Sullivan County0%***37%***41%***12%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***56%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0%***100%***0%***16%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0%***40%***9%***21%**
Monticello village, Sullivan County0%***35%***29%***20%**
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0%***12%***32%***11%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County0%***0%***0%***7%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County16%***18%**39%**16%*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***18%***
Esopus town, Ulster County100%***2%***21%***14%**
Gardiner town, Ulster County96%***98%*84%**31%
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0%***N/A***N/A***4%***
Hurley town, Ulster County55%***0%***31%***8%***
Kingston town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***10%***8%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0%***8%***15%***4%**
Marbletown town, Ulster County0%***3%***17%***14%***
Marlborough town, Ulster County12%***1%***9%***5%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County37%***35%***17%***20%*
Olive town, Ulster County38%***0%***33%***10%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0%***23%***15%**5%***
Rochester town, Ulster County0%***39%***31%***12%**
Rosendale town, Ulster County0%***28%***46%***10%**
Saugerties town, Ulster County8%***16%***23%***6%*
Shandaken town, Ulster County8%***100%***23%***14%**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County0%***29%***18%***7%***
Ulster town, Ulster County20%***18%***17%***14%**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County8%***46%***23%***16%*
Woodstock town, Ulster County45%***84%***25%***13%*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0%***43%***23%***15%***
New Paltz village, Ulster County45%***51%***39%***33%*
Saugerties village, Ulster County48%***0%***14%***8%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Number of People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)51,449186,673200,400762,504
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County149***274***106***754**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0***0***0***68***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0***0***2***72**
Canaan town, Columbia County1***2***1***99**
Chatham town, Columbia County3***0***0***268**
Claverack town, Columbia County42***23***7***508***
Clermont town, Columbia County0***13***9***98***
Copake town, Columbia County0***11***0***235***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0***3***2***97**
Germantown town, Columbia County0***0***7***104***
Ghent town, Columbia County0***9***19***302**
Greenport town, Columbia County31***27***41***347**
Hillsdale town, Columbia County0***0***44***183***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County6***6***64***489**
Livingston town, Columbia County19***13***0***324***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County0***0***0***238**
Stockport town, Columbia County0***1***9***171***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County0***4***67***206***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County5***21***10***83***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County3***0***0***114***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0***0***10***45***
Philmont village, Columbia County0***23***7***243***
Valatie village, Columbia County0***0***48***47***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County3***300***371***747**
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County132***2,746*1,163**1,870*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County19***19***256***452**
Beekman town, Dutchess County48***130***168***547**
Clinton town, Dutchess County5***56***21***153***
Dover town, Dutchess County0***139***247***1,171*
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County27***23***178***661**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County107***128***179***818*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County69***216***539***1,317*
La Grange town, Dutchess County25***90***334***357**
Milan town, Dutchess County0***42***12***201***
North East town, Dutchess County28***11***6***283**
Pawling town, Dutchess County12***17***214***330**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County0***1***1***284**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County25***6***195***567**
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County187***336***857**2,054*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County24***32***23***673*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County14***62***48***391*
Stanford town, Dutchess County0***36***116***213***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0***12***32***377***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County33***262***309**953*
Washington town, Dutchess County0***5***59***270**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0***0***5***171***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0***3***22***114***
Millerton village, Dutchess County28***0***6***54***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0***12***121***87***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County0***0***0***197**
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County5***14***37***104***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County24***1***19***197**
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County0***61***334***120***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0***0***5***100***
Athens town, Greene County0***10***0***250***
Cairo town, Greene County0***10***22***526**
Catskill town, Greene County33***177***47***1,161*
Coxsackie town, Greene County0***22***0***382***
Durham town, Greene County0***125***79***299***
Greenville town, Greene County0***0***0***179***
Halcott town, Greene County0***0***0***31***
Hunter town, Greene County0***0***35***520**
Jewett town, Greene County0***0***15***97***
Lexington town, Greene County0***0***6***21***
New Baltimore town, Greene County0***0***0***60***
Prattsville town, Greene County0***0***0***138**
Windham town, Greene County0***0***0***127*
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0***10***0***156***
Catskill village, Greene County33***127***47***498***
Coxsackie village, Greene County0***2***0***202***
Hunter village, Greene County0***0***0***99***
Tannersville village, Greene County0***0***0***109***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County92***1,356***2,207**1,758*
Newburgh city, Orange County2***1,464**3,144*1,978*
Port Jervis city, Orange County337***314***295***1,262*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County35***12***234***1,174***
Chester town, Orange County0***15***17***512**
Cornwall town, Orange County0***2***50***316**
Crawford town, Orange County0***99***87***415**
Deerpark town, Orange County0***52***75***709**
Goshen town, Orange County0***5***385***447**
Greenville town, Orange County0***0***0***101***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County186***3***0***176***
Highlands town, Orange County0***16***218***241***
Minisink town, Orange County0***0***8***397***
Monroe town, Orange County0***122***234***524***
Montgomery town, Orange County5***255***183***1,793*
Mount Hope town, Orange County18***14***16***115***
New Windsor town, Orange County40***262***363***973**
Newburgh town, Orange County102***490***493***1,483**
Tuxedo town, Orange County13***75***179***111**
Wallkill town, Orange County221***543***841**1,478*
Warwick town, Orange County21***94***339***1,394*
Wawayanda town, Orange County0***40***130***331***
Woodbury town, Orange County0***133***121***312***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0***15***17***167***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0***0***29***98***
Florida village, Orange County0***92***28***177***
Goshen village, Orange County0***0***297***215***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0***0***29***0***
Harriman village, Orange County0***0***31***69***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0***16***155***151***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0***1***118***12,972
Maybrook village, Orange County0***5***23***194**
Monroe village, Orange County0***107***61***292***
Montgomery village, Orange County0***0***22***210***
Otisville village, Orange County18***0***6***45***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County0***11***93***681***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County3***0***0***15***
Unionville village, Orange County0***0***0***52***
Walden village, Orange County0***225***14***1,093**
Warwick village, Orange County0***0***31***417***
Washingtonville village, Orange County35***0***74***264**
Woodbury village, Orange County0***133***121***312***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County0***76***195***1,430**
Kent town, Putnam County0***39***336***520**
Patterson town, Putnam County7***117***184***672**
Philipstown town, Putnam County0***24***68***534*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County338*1***54***330***
Southeast town, Putnam County150***17***487***577**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0***4***344***179**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County0***0***24***127***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0***2***2***26***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County0***13***0***407***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County7***19***0***152***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0***5***18***121**
Delaware town, Sullivan County0***37***87***284***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County0***486***277***1,158*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0***0***21***57***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0***20***14***25***
Highland town, Sullivan County0***19***6***160***
Liberty town, Sullivan County23***320***377***892**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0***9***10***132***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County31***34***31***1,208*
Neversink town, Sullivan County0***15***167***270***
Rockland town, Sullivan County4***3***76***357***
Thompson town, Sullivan County15***661***826**1,712*
Tusten town, Sullivan County0***14***11***156***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County0***0***0***341***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0***19***0***53***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0***263***198***558**
Monticello village, Sullivan County0***615***648***685**
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0***9***19***56***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County0***0***0***78***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County87***634**1,270**2,530*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0***0***0***73***
Esopus town, Ulster County15***12***131***1,101**
Gardiner town, Ulster County119***411*443**1,278
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0***0***0***4***
Hurley town, Ulster County17***0***158***434***
Kingston town, Ulster County0***0***11***71***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0***48***164***390**
Marbletown town, Ulster County0***14***41***634***
Marlborough town, Ulster County11***2***68***409***
New Paltz town, Ulster County121***209***150***1,958*
Olive town, Ulster County45***0***42***400***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0***131***337**391***
Rochester town, Ulster County0***11***214***739**
Rosendale town, Ulster County0***64***168***439**
Saugerties town, Ulster County10***40***283***1,046*
Shandaken town, Ulster County11***11***29***366**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County0***76***87***759***
Ulster town, Ulster County44***89***230***1,378**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County9***197***675***1,269*
Woodstock town, Ulster County75***69***49***711*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0***134***420***343***
New Paltz village, Ulster County121***109***101***1,233*
Saugerties village, Ulster County10***0***37***252**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)10%23%19%8%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County35%39%47%17%
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia CountyN/A5%0%8%
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0%0%0%6%
Canaan town, Columbia County0%16%0%5%
Chatham town, Columbia County31%0%33%6%
Claverack town, Columbia CountyN/A0%3%7%
Clermont town, Columbia County0%15%14%9%
Copake town, Columbia CountyN/A0%6%8%
Gallatin town, Columbia CountyN/A0%5%5%
Germantown town, Columbia County0%0%5%8%
Ghent town, Columbia CountyN/A0%0%5%
Greenport town, Columbia County28%30%37%8%
Hillsdale town, Columbia County38%0%11%8%
Kinderhook town, Columbia County33%0%38%4%
Livingston town, Columbia CountyN/A28%0%6%
New Lebanon town, Columbia County0%0%22%9%
Stockport town, Columbia CountyN/A0%N/A12%
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County0%0%0%4%
Taghkanic town, Columbia County40%0%0%9%
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County77%0%0%8%
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0%0%0%2%
Philmont village, Columbia CountyN/A0%5%14%
Valatie village, Columbia County83%0%45%10%
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County1%14%19%9%
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County30%30%34%15%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County49%14%63%7%
Beekman town, Dutchess County9%3%2%5%
Clinton town, Dutchess County0%14%5%3%
Dover town, Dutchess County0%2%14%9%
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County10%4%3%3%
Fishkill town, Dutchess County5%4%7%5%
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County11%4%13%6%
La Grange town, Dutchess County0%3%1%3%
Milan town, Dutchess County0%100%0%4%
North East town, Dutchess County0%12%28%12%
Pawling town, Dutchess County0%12%9%3%
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County0%40%0%9%
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County9%12%17%5%
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County8%7%4%5%
Red Hook town, Dutchess County37%1%9%8%
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County31%59%31%8%
Stanford town, Dutchess CountyN/A0%8%5%
Union Vale town, Dutchess County29%18%0%1%
Wappinger town, Dutchess County1%8%11%4%
Washington town, Dutchess County0%27%23%6%
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0%0%10%8%
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0%0%0%6%
Millerton village, Dutchess County0%38%13%14%
Pawling village, Dutchess County0%19%20%7%
Red Hook village, Dutchess County6%6%22%8%
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess CountyN/A0%0%9%
Tivoli village, Dutchess County6%0%11%17%
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County4%14%26%13%
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0%N/A42%16%
Athens town, Greene County8%39%20%8%
Cairo town, Greene CountyN/A31%0%10%
Catskill town, Greene County0%30%24%14%
Coxsackie town, Greene County0%27%16%12%
Durham town, Greene CountyN/AN/A15%12%
Greenville town, Greene County0%0%0%9%
Halcott town, Greene CountyN/AN/AN/A19%
Hunter town, Greene County69%57%41%18%
Jewett town, Greene County0%N/A39%12%
Lexington town, Greene County0%100%47%12%
New Baltimore town, Greene County50%N/A0%7%
Prattsville town, Greene CountyN/A0%100%12%
Windham town, Greene CountyN/A0%61%9%
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0%50%12%10%
Catskill village, Greene County0%33%37%16%
Coxsackie village, Greene CountyN/A48%40%11%
Hunter village, Greene CountyN/A0%0%15%
Tannersville village, Greene County100%N/A60%17%
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County20%25%28%14%
Newburgh city, Orange County14%36%26%15%
Port Jervis city, Orange County18%31%45%16%
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County7%7%5%4%
Chester town, Orange County14%33%23%5%
Cornwall town, Orange County5%14%16%4%
Crawford town, Orange County8%0%21%4%
Deerpark town, Orange County0%0%20%10%
Goshen town, Orange County0%19%19%4%
Greenville town, Orange County0%30%4%4%
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County0%0%2%3%
Highlands town, Orange County0%10%7%3%
Minisink town, Orange County0%0%15%6%
Monroe town, Orange County5%2%5%30%
Montgomery town, Orange County0%3%13%7%
Mount Hope town, Orange County29%8%12%5%
New Windsor town, Orange County3%6%14%5%
Newburgh town, Orange County0%9%4%3%
Tuxedo town, Orange County0%7%4%4%
Wallkill town, Orange County27%10%20%7%
Warwick town, Orange County14%6%12%4%
Wawayanda town, Orange County0%0%5%4%
Woodbury town, Orange County1%3%6%3%
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0%24%8%5%
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County4%0%2%4%
Florida village, Orange County80%0%0%6%
Goshen village, Orange County0%0%15%4%
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0%0%40%6%
Harriman village, Orange County7%0%0%2%
Highland Falls village, Orange County0%14%17%4%
Kiryas Joel village, Orange CountyN/A100%5%62%
Maybrook village, Orange County0%8%13%6%
Monroe village, Orange County0%0%7%5%
Montgomery village, Orange County0%0%10%8%
Otisville village, Orange County40%19%18%7%
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0%57%8%4%
Unionville village, Orange County0%N/A0%8%
Walden village, Orange County0%0%18%9%
Warwick village, Orange County28%3%0%4%
Washingtonville village, Orange County0%3%8%4%
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County2%3%10%3%
Kent town, Putnam County17%13%4%4%
Patterson town, Putnam County0%0%3%5%
Philipstown town, Putnam County5%33%5%6%
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County0%8%12%4%
Southeast town, Putnam County0%13%17%5%
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0%13%18%14%
Cold Spring village, Putnam County0%N/A24%5%
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0%0%0%8%
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County24%54%42%11%
Callicoon town, Sullivan County0%0%5%11%
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0%23%0%7%
Delaware town, Sullivan County5%86%62%13%
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County86%30%25%19%
Forestburgh town, Sullivan CountyN/A100%8%6%
Fremont town, Sullivan County0%56%41%13%
Highland town, Sullivan County0%62%59%14%
Liberty town, Sullivan County8%41%31%14%
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0%0%14%11%
Mamakating town, Sullivan County8%35%8%10%
Neversink town, Sullivan County95%40%85%10%
Rockland town, Sullivan County36%33%43%12%
Thompson town, Sullivan County38%38%39%18%
Tusten town, Sullivan County0%18%7%8%
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan CountyN/AN/A0%11%
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan CountyN/A0%50%7%
Liberty village, Sullivan County0%33%16%13%
Monticello village, Sullivan County49%41%43%30%
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0%53%38%26%
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County32%0%11%10%
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County10%31%27%12%
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0%N/A0%12%
Esopus town, Ulster County0%0%6%12%
Gardiner town, Ulster County0%3%8%8%
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0%N/A0%14%
Hurley town, Ulster County0%0%21%6%
Kingston town, Ulster CountyN/A29%0%7%
Lloyd town, Ulster County10%15%8%7%
Marbletown town, Ulster County0%7%0%7%
Marlborough town, Ulster County76%28%20%7%
New Paltz town, Ulster County44%19%27%16%
Olive town, Ulster County0%0%0%5%
Plattekill town, Ulster County0%6%15%9%
Rochester town, Ulster County0%17%16%11%
Rosendale town, Ulster County35%3%7%10%
Saugerties town, Ulster County0%15%15%8%
Shandaken town, Ulster County48%0%0%11%
Shawangunk town, Ulster County9%42%32%11%
Ulster town, Ulster County11%19%24%9%
Wawarsing town, Ulster County17%39%30%16%
Woodstock town, Ulster County52%24%11%9%
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0%38%30%18%
New Paltz village, Ulster County63%16%39%35%
Saugerties village, Ulster CountyN/A100%12%12%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Number of People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)25,543182,812127,600707,102
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County106560235786
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County010109
Austerlitz town, Columbia County00081
Canaan town, Columbia County03074
Chatham town, Columbia County10017260
Claverack town, Columbia County004387
Clermont town, Columbia County045145
Copake town, Columbia County004244
Gallatin town, Columbia County00278
Germantown town, Columbia County001154
Ghent town, Columbia County000228
Greenport town, Columbia County106952288
Hillsdale town, Columbia County504137
Kinderhook town, Columbia County10046353
Livingston town, Columbia County0130176
New Lebanon town, Columbia County004211
Stockport town, Columbia County000357
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County00093
Taghkanic town, Columbia County20098
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County1000131
Kinderhook village, Columbia County00024
Philmont village, Columbia County004190
Valatie village, Columbia County10041144
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County5322419819
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County1123,0791,0642,384
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County341845255
Beekman town, Dutchess County18616504
Clinton town, Dutchess County0136125
Dover town, Dutchess County0565684
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County702034601
Fishkill town, Dutchess County322970716
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County423461998
La Grange town, Dutchess County088455
Milan town, Dutchess County016089
North East town, Dutchess County01116341
Pawling town, Dutchess County01533208
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County060219
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County51933448
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County139217831,595
Red Hook town, Dutchess County76120702
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County2210958523
Stanford town, Dutchess County005150
Union Vale town, Dutchess County4425061
Wappinger town, Dutchess County9112224833
Washington town, Dutchess County04026286
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0015136
Millbrook village, Dutchess County00080
Millerton village, Dutchess County0113120
Pawling village, Dutchess County0522137
Red Hook village, Dutchess County2113138
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County000247
Tivoli village, Dutchess County103187
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County937201493
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0015117
Athens town, Greene County4711318
Cairo town, Greene County0180629
Catskill town, Greene County01941151,398
Coxsackie town, Greene County03622689
Durham town, Greene County007294
Greenville town, Greene County000282
Halcott town, Greene County00040
Hunter town, Greene County11427485
Jewett town, Greene County007111
Lexington town, Greene County03992
New Baltimore town, Greene County900217
Prattsville town, Greene County001375
Windham town, Greene County0019149
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County072166
Catskill village, Greene County018787572
Coxsackie village, Greene County03422305
Hunter village, Greene County00072
Tannersville village, Greene County1101873
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County839101,7442,377
Newburgh city, Orange County353,1492,6261,654
Port Jervis city, Orange County141322681,237
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County203675587
Chester town, Orange County52233264577
Cornwall town, Orange County919100485
Crawford town, Orange County7087272
Deerpark town, Orange County0077702
Goshen town, Orange County073149374
Greenville town, Orange County0177141
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County007124
Highlands town, Orange County08653227
Minisink town, Orange County0024204
Monroe town, Orange County208848,830
Montgomery town, Orange County0232231,373
Mount Hope town, Orange County21338215
New Windsor town, Orange County1098348918
Newburgh town, Orange County0156111784
Tuxedo town, Orange County044116
Wallkill town, Orange County1532116371,371
Warwick town, Orange County35602121,207
Wawayanda town, Orange County0020217
Woodbury town, Orange County2646274
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County06930147
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County202116
Florida village, Orange County2400155
Goshen village, Orange County0049162
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0079195
Harriman village, Orange County100039
Highland Falls village, Orange County06253105
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0837,951
Maybrook village, Orange County02357160
Monroe village, Orange County0053372
Montgomery village, Orange County0026249
Otisville village, Orange County2111464
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County04424
Unionville village, Orange County00042
Walden village, Orange County00111512
Warwick village, Orange County1160225
Washingtonville village, Orange County0646188
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County86197800
Kent town, Putnam County402132497
Patterson town, Putnam County0015495
Philipstown town, Putnam County71415518
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County0777423
Southeast town, Putnam County041234873
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County012125237
Cold Spring village, Putnam County008100
Nelsonville village, Putnam County00043
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County474180422
Callicoon town, Sullivan County008309
Cochecton town, Sullivan County03092
Delaware town, Sullivan County4219106293
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County543093081,561
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County04552
Fremont town, Sullivan County02015159
Highland town, Sullivan County05455315
Liberty town, Sullivan County123123111,136
Lumberland town, Sullivan County009202
Mamakating town, Sullivan County942481,065
Neversink town, Sullivan County69622322
Rockland town, Sullivan County2839115418
Thompson town, Sullivan County818358021,873
Tusten town, Sullivan County0154101
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County00034
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County00228
Liberty village, Sullivan County012494370
Monticello village, Sullivan County817326881,046
Woodridge village, Sullivan County07276164
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County907121
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County298853932,255
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County00060
Esopus town, Ulster County0081,034
Gardiner town, Ulster County0317370
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County00029
Hurley town, Ulster County0037404
Kingston town, Ulster County02058
Lloyd town, Ulster County115138591
Marbletown town, Ulster County090409
Marlborough town, Ulster County194977557
New Paltz town, Ulster County169861811,470
Olive town, Ulster County000227
Plattekill town, Ulster County028241760
Rochester town, Ulster County02566724
Rosendale town, Ulster County756581
Saugerties town, Ulster County018671,443
Shandaken town, Ulster County5100334
Shawangunk town, Ulster County51751441,158
Ulster town, Ulster County216159983
Wawarsing town, Ulster County163845421,461
Woodstock town, Ulster County241422541
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0237353511
New Paltz village, Ulster County159411331,041
Saugerties village, Ulster County0721457

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable