Financial Stability
People Living in Poverty

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People Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of people with incomes below the poverty line, as a percentage of those for whom poverty status has been determined. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2022, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $29,678.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people living in poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of a region. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports within the community.

How is the region performing?

In 2018-22, 11% of the residents of the Mid-Hudson Valley had incomes below the poverty line, on par with the statewide (excluding NYC) rate and lower than the national rate of 13%. The region's poverty rate has not changed since 2008-12. Within the region, Sullivan and Ulster had the highest poverty rates, at 15%. Putnam had the lowest rate by far, at 6%, followed by Dutchess, at 9%.

Some of the highest poverty rates in the Mid-Hudson Valley in 2018-22 were found in the region's larger communities, including the cities of Newburgh (26%), Port Jervis (24%), Hudson (23%) and Kingston (18%), and the towns of Gardiner (53%), Denning, (28%), and New Paltz (24%). Several villages also had notably high poverty rates, including Bloomingburg Village (59%) and Kiryas Joel (43%).

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

People Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)11%12%11%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County24%*19%*23%*
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County14%**14%**7%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County6%***15%***4%**
Canaan town, Columbia County6%***11%**8%**
Chatham town, Columbia County6%**6%***8%**
Claverack town, Columbia County8%**13%**8%***
Clermont town, Columbia County10%**13%**8%**
Copake town, Columbia County12%***13%***9%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County4%***10%***6%***
Germantown town, Columbia County5%***5%**8%***
Ghent town, Columbia County5%**10%**8%***
Greenport town, Columbia County11%***13%*14%**
Hillsdale town, Columbia County10%***10%**10%**
Kinderhook town, Columbia County5%**8%**8%**
Livingston town, Columbia County11%**7%**16%**
New Lebanon town, Columbia County12%**8%**10%**
Stockport town, Columbia County10%***10%*8%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County6%***17%**11%**
Taghkanic town, Columbia County14%***17%**7%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County12%**10%**8%**
Kinderhook village, Columbia County6%***2%***5%***
Philmont village, Columbia County19%**25%***13%***
Valatie village, Columbia County15%***10%***7%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County15%*9%*9%**
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County26%22%18%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County11%***10%***16%**
Beekman town, Dutchess County3%***6%*6%**
Clinton town, Dutchess County8%**7%**7%*
Dover town, Dutchess County8%**15%*14%**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County4%***4%*3%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County5%**9%*6%*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County8%*9%*11%*
La Grange town, Dutchess County5%**3%**6%**
Milan town, Dutchess County2%***5%***12%**
North East town, Dutchess County7%***8%**12%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County5%**8%*5%**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County7%***14%**13%**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County8%*8%*6%*
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County10%*9%8%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County7%*10%*9%*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County5%**8%**7%**
Stanford town, Dutchess County9%***6%**13%**
Union Vale town, Dutchess County4%***5%***10%**
Wappinger town, Dutchess County6%**7%*6%*
Washington town, Dutchess County7%**10%***10%**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County4%***16%**5%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County12%**11%***12%***
Millerton village, Dutchess County12%***17%***3%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County8%***9%**9%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County10%**19%**9%**
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County7%***12%***4%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County19%***24%***27%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County12%***12%**6%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County14%***14%**8%***
Athens town, Greene County12%**13%**6%***
Cairo town, Greene County22%**8%*9%**
Catskill town, Greene County16%*18%*15%*
Coxsackie town, Greene County12%**8%**8%***
Durham town, Greene County15%**19%**14%***
Greenville town, Greene County8%***13%***3%***
Halcott town, Greene County6%***6%***9%***
Hunter town, Greene County21%*13%**20%**
Jewett town, Greene County16%***5%***9%***
Lexington town, Greene County19%***10%***12%***
New Baltimore town, Greene County6%***7%***5%***
Prattsville town, Greene County17%***22%***23%***
Windham town, Greene County11%**8%**3%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County8%***14%**10%***
Catskill village, Greene County24%*29%**18%**
Coxsackie village, Greene County12%**8%***5%***
Hunter village, Greene County20%***28%***27%***
Tannersville village, Greene County11%***9%***17%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County18%17%15%*
Newburgh city, Orange County28%31%26%
Port Jervis city, Orange County18%*18%*24%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County5%***5%**13%*
Chester town, Orange County2%***6%**7%*
Cornwall town, Orange County5%**4%***4%*
Crawford town, Orange County4%***9%**5%**
Deerpark town, Orange County11%**14%*9%**
Goshen town, Orange County6%**6%**4%**
Greenville town, Orange County6%***4%***4%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County2%***8%**7%***
Highlands town, Orange County8%**3%***5%**
Minisink town, Orange County3%***6%***13%***
Monroe town, Orange County34%29%7%**
Montgomery town, Orange County7%*8%*11%*
Mount Hope town, Orange County7%**13%**4%***
New Windsor town, Orange County4%**5%*7%*
Newburgh town, Orange County7%*7%*8%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County3%***3%***8%***
Wallkill town, Orange County7%*11%*12%*
Warwick town, Orange County5%*5%*6%*
Wawayanda town, Orange County6%**9%*6%**
Woodbury town, Orange County5%***8%**5%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County2%***13%**6%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County9%***4%***3%***
Florida village, Orange County5%***3%***9%***
Goshen village, Orange County5%**10%***2%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County8%***4%***11%***
Harriman village, Orange County2%***9%***7%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County11%***5%***8%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County60%48%43%
Maybrook village, Orange County8%**11%**7%**
Monroe village, Orange County12%***3%***7%***
Montgomery village, Orange County2%***5%***15%***
Otisville village, Orange County9%***9%***9%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County6%***7%***43%*
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County3%***4%***2%***
Unionville village, Orange County8%***4%***17%***
Walden village, Orange County11%**11%**18%***
Warwick village, Orange County6%***4%***7%**
Washingtonville village, Orange County6%***4%**7%*
Woodbury village, Orange County5%***8%**4%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County4%**3%*3%*
Kent town, Putnam County4%**5%*7%*
Patterson town, Putnam County10%*11%**12%
Philipstown town, Putnam County7%**5%**8%*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County6%***4%**6%**
Southeast town, Putnam County7%*5%*7%*
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County22%***17%**17%**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County8%***5%***9%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County3%***2%***6%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County16%*13%**14%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County13%***7%**11%**
Cochecton town, Sullivan County16%**13%***7%**
Delaware town, Sullivan County15%***12%***20%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County23%27%18%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County6%***4%***5%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County7%***9%***9%**
Highland town, Sullivan County17%**14%**7%*
Liberty town, Sullivan County19%*17%*15%*
Lumberland town, Sullivan County17%**12%***9%**
Mamakating town, Sullivan County9%*8%*14%*
Neversink town, Sullivan County10%**8%***10%***
Rockland town, Sullivan County17%**20%***12%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County24%20%18%*
Tusten town, Sullivan County11%**14%***11%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County16%***28%***59%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County29%***13%***28%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County17%*26%*17%*
Monticello village, Sullivan County34%*27%*26%*
Woodridge village, Sullivan County21%**23%***10%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County18%***9%***13%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County17%18%18%
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County12%**9%***28%**
Esopus town, Ulster County8%**12%*20%*
Gardiner town, Ulster County12%***8%**53%
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County9%***22%***1%***
Hurley town, Ulster County4%***10%**11%***
Kingston town, Ulster County8%***9%***8%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County9%*10%**7%**
Marbletown town, Ulster County5%**12%**13%**
Marlborough town, Ulster County11%*7%**10%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County23%16%*24%
Olive town, Ulster County13%**8%***11%**
Plattekill town, Ulster County12%**11%*6%**
Rochester town, Ulster County12%**8%**13%**
Rosendale town, Ulster County7%**9%*10%**
Saugerties town, Ulster County9%*10%*8%*
Shandaken town, Ulster County11%**14%**21%**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County19%*21%10%*
Ulster town, Ulster County11%*14%*13%*
Wawarsing town, Ulster County20%*18%*20%*
Woodstock town, Ulster County11%*13%*13%*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County22%*19%**25%**
New Paltz village, Ulster County39%*33%*38%*
Saugerties village, Ulster County14%**11%**12%*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of People Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)1,211,0491,260,1831,196,054
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County1,502*1,121*1,274*
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County198**181**97***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County87***222***67**
Canaan town, Columbia County84***174**124**
Chatham town, Columbia County258**256***324**
Claverack town, Columbia County430**702**469***
Clermont town, Columbia County207**267**167**
Copake town, Columbia County443***444***295***
Gallatin town, Columbia County67***163***87***
Germantown town, Columbia County96***103**134***
Ghent town, Columbia County264**522**398***
Greenport town, Columbia County437***538*601**
Hillsdale town, Columbia County211***159**191**
Kinderhook town, Columbia County422**686**608**
Livingston town, Columbia County374**233**547**
New Lebanon town, Columbia County277**189**234**
Stockport town, Columbia County293***268*210***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County135***389**239**
Taghkanic town, Columbia County146***189**91***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County215**150**136**
Kinderhook village, Columbia County85***31***65***
Philmont village, Columbia County237**305***193***
Valatie village, Columbia County210***141***109***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County2,140*1,250*1,199**
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County7,9586,6465,686
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County497***420***603**
Beekman town, Dutchess County415***732*729**
Clinton town, Dutchess County342**278**273*
Dover town, Dutchess County723**1,246*1,191**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County1,267***1,111*1,027**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County932**1,838*1,302*
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County1,583*1,655*2,149*
La Grange town, Dutchess County751**452**905**
Milan town, Dutchess County58***107***299**
North East town, Dutchess County204***250**344***
Pawling town, Dutchess County392**625*368**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County180***337**271**
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County784*799*593*
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County3,858*3,3523,037*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County675*971*790*
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County322**608**510**
Stanford town, Dutchess County341***236**476**
Union Vale town, Dutchess County200***243***432**
Wappinger town, Dutchess County1,550**1,735*1,561*
Washington town, Dutchess County325**462***420**
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County96***330**117***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County177**174***166***
Millerton village, Dutchess County89***150***25***
Pawling village, Dutchess County192***186**179***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County172**385**155**
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County184***301***104***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County182***245***218***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County651***635**337***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County102***112**49***
Athens town, Greene County479**514**248***
Cairo town, Greene County1,466**537*627**
Catskill town, Greene County1,793*1,945*1,641*
Coxsackie town, Greene County741**453**500***
Durham town, Greene County418**520**379***
Greenville town, Greene County289***461***110***
Halcott town, Greene County16***18***31***
Hunter town, Greene County561*332**576**
Jewett town, Greene County140***47***90***
Lexington town, Greene County193***88***70***
New Baltimore town, Greene County190***239***167***
Prattsville town, Greene County110***161***176***
Windham town, Greene County173**123**49***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County118***202**182***
Catskill village, Greene County903*1,120**688**
Coxsackie village, Greene County328**206***128***
Hunter village, Greene County95***113***81***
Tannersville village, Greene County55***83***77***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County4,9064,7794,490*
Newburgh city, Orange County7,7578,5867,415
Port Jervis city, Orange County1,591*1,547*2,040*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County851***914**2,441*
Chester town, Orange County245***684**843*
Cornwall town, Orange County595**490***485*
Crawford town, Orange County377***832**489**
Deerpark town, Orange County876**1,102*682**
Goshen town, Orange County744**769**513**
Greenville town, Orange County296***190***163***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County110***408**376***
Highlands town, Orange County625**280***550**
Minisink town, Orange County123***256***587***
Monroe town, Orange County13,40212,1991,433**
Montgomery town, Orange County1,511*1,793*2,509*
Mount Hope town, Orange County392**696**231***
New Windsor town, Orange County1,127**1,212*1,904*
Newburgh town, Orange County2,103*2,137*2,402**
Tuxedo town, Orange County92***102***286***
Wallkill town, Orange County1,804*3,100*3,474*
Warwick town, Orange County1,643*1,430*2,035*
Wawayanda town, Orange County435**647*461**
Woodbury town, Orange County536***955**609***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County89***501**229***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County258***108***93***
Florida village, Orange County135***77***273***
Goshen village, Orange County236**545***98***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County235***136***321***
Harriman village, Orange County37***276***217***
Highland Falls village, Orange County415***177***279***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County12,10810,82014,641
Maybrook village, Orange County236**349**221**
Monroe village, Orange County1,043***251***652***
Montgomery village, Orange County60***234***560***
Otisville village, Orange County109***99***133***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County203***214***1,643*
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County19***24***13***
Unionville village, Orange County41***21***112***
Walden village, Orange County788**737**1,209***
Warwick village, Orange County378***269***464**
Washingtonville village, Orange County337***226**423*
Woodbury village, Orange County536***880**501***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County1,384**1,114*1,168*
Kent town, Putnam County597**618*856*
Patterson town, Putnam County1,170*1,209**1,324
Philipstown town, Putnam County686**486**777*
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County665***451**730**
Southeast town, Putnam County1,253*841*1,274*
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County505***393**431**
Cold Spring village, Putnam County143***100***161***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County21***11***42***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County670*530**541***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County385***199**315**
Cochecton town, Sullivan County197**192***97**
Delaware town, Sullivan County403***305***473***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County2,5693,0222,181*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County54***40***47***
Fremont town, Sullivan County100***111***109**
Highland town, Sullivan County411**332**163*
Liberty town, Sullivan County1,834*1,570*1,547*
Lumberland town, Sullivan County447**276***178**
Mamakating town, Sullivan County1,033*961*1,702*
Neversink town, Sullivan County343**263***325***
Rockland town, Sullivan County647**746***390***
Thompson town, Sullivan County3,5982,8492,980*
Tusten town, Sullivan County166**187***163***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County61***108***563***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County93***38***121***
Liberty village, Sullivan County726*1,049*859*
Monticello village, Sullivan County2,225*1,736*1,820*
Woodridge village, Sullivan County177**210***94***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County156***115***155***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County4,0584,1394,352
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County83**47***149**
Esopus town, Ulster County689**1,013*1,832*
Gardiner town, Ulster County658***456**2,952
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County15***52***1***
Hurley town, Ulster County253***639**674***
Kingston town, Ulster County80***94***72***
Lloyd town, Ulster County915*1,031**708**
Marbletown town, Ulster County308**678**753**
Marlborough town, Ulster County948*600**826***
New Paltz town, Ulster County2,6611,785*2,852
Olive town, Ulster County558**346***468**
Plattekill town, Ulster County1,259**1,115*615**
Rochester town, Ulster County860**609**935**
Rosendale town, Ulster County415**515*551**
Saugerties town, Ulster County1,665*1,898*1,494*
Shandaken town, Ulster County318**404**591**
Shawangunk town, Ulster County2,474*2,7901,250*
Ulster town, Ulster County1,331*1,656*1,546*
Wawarsing town, Ulster County2,331*2,031*2,302*
Woodstock town, Ulster County635*784*817*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County891*770**1,038**
New Paltz village, Ulster County1,808*1,373*1,880*
Saugerties village, Ulster County555**435**448*

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable