Financial Stability
People Living in Poverty

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People Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of people with incomes below the poverty line, as a percentage of those for whom poverty status has been determined. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2017, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,858.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people living in poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of a region. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports within the community.

How is the region performing?

In 2013-17, 11% of the residents of the Mid-Hudson Valley had incomes below the poverty line, similar to the statewide (excluding NYC) rate of 12% and lower than the national rate of 15%. The region's poverty rate rose by 1 percentage point since 2000. Within the region, Sullivan County had the highest poverty rate, at 16%, followed by Ulster, at 13%. Putnam had the lowest rate by far, at 5%, followed by Dutchess, at 9%.

Some of the highest poverty rates in the Mid-Hudson Valley in 2013-17 were found in the region's larger communities, including the cities of Middletown (17%), Poughkeepsie (22%), and Newburgh (31%), and the towns of Monroe (29%), Fallsburg (27%) and Shawangunk (21%). Several villages also had notably high poverty rates, including Kiryas Joel (48%).

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

People Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-17
Region10%11%11%
Columbia County9%10%11%
Dutchess County8%9%9%
Greene County12%15%12%
Orange County11%12%12%
Putnam County4%6%5%
Sullivan County16%17%16%
Ulster County11%13%13%
NYS (excluding NYC)10%11%12%
U.S.12%15%15%
Columbia Cities
Hudson26%24%*19%*
Columbia Towns
Ancram7%14%**14%**
Austerlitz6%6%***15%***
Canaan5%6%***11%**
Chatham7%6%**6%***
Claverack7%8%**13%**
Clermont9%10%**13%**
Copake8%12%***13%***
Gallatin6%4%***10%***
Germantown8%5%***5%**
Ghent5%5%**10%**
Greenport10%11%***13%*
Hillsdale8%10%***10%**
Kinderhook5%5%**8%**
Livingston6%11%**7%**
New Lebanon9%12%**8%**
Stockport13%10%***10%*
Stuyvesant4%6%***17%**
Taghkanic9%14%***17%**
Columbia Villages
Chatham8%12%**10%**
Kinderhook2%6%***2%***
Philmont14%19%**25%***
Valatie11%15%***10%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon11%15%*9%*
Poughkeepsie23%26%22%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia8%11%***10%***
Beekman5%3%***6%*
Clinton4%8%**7%**
Dover8%8%**15%*
East Fishkill3%4%***4%*
Fishkill5%5%**9%*
Hyde Park6%8%*9%*
La Grange4%5%**3%**
Milan5%2%***5%***
North East12%7%***8%**
Pawling3%5%**8%*
Pine Plains9%7%***14%**
Pleasant Valley6%8%*8%*
Poughkeepsie6%10%*9%
Red Hook9%7%*10%*
Rhinebeck10%5%**8%**
Stanford4%9%***6%**
Union Vale3%4%***5%***
Wappinger4%6%**7%*
Washington7%7%**10%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill8%4%***16%**
Millbrook6%12%**11%***
Millerton14%12%***17%***
Pawling7%8%***9%**
Red Hook9%10%**19%**
Rhinebeck9%7%***12%***
Tivoli18%19%***24%***
Wappingers Falls12%12%***12%**
Greene Towns
Ashland16%14%***14%**
Athens9%12%**13%**
Cairo10%22%**8%*
Catskill15%16%*18%*
Coxsackie13%12%**8%**
Durham11%15%**19%**
Greenville9%8%***13%***
Halcott21%6%***6%***
Hunter19%21%*13%**
Jewett12%16%***5%***
Lexington13%19%***10%***
New Baltimore7%6%***7%***
Prattsville12%17%***22%***
Windham9%11%**8%**
Greene Villages
Athens11%8%***14%**
Catskill19%24%*29%**
Coxsackie13%12%**8%***
Hunter15%20%***28%***
Tannersville19%11%***9%***
Orange Cities
Middletown17%18%17%
Newburgh26%28%31%
Port Jervis17%18%*18%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove4%5%***5%**
Chester7%2%***6%**
Cornwall5%5%**4%***
Crawford4%4%***9%**
Deerpark10%11%**14%*
Goshen4%6%**6%**
Greenville4%6%***4%***
Hamptonburgh3%2%***8%**
Highlands4%8%**3%***
Minisink6%3%***6%***
Monroe29%34%29%
Montgomery8%7%*8%*
Mount Hope5%7%**13%**
New Windsor6%4%**5%*
Newburgh4%7%*7%*
Tuxedo4%3%***3%***
Wallkill8%7%*11%*
Warwick5%5%*5%*
Wawayanda4%6%**9%*
Woodbury3%5%***8%**
Orange Villages
Chester6%2%***13%**
Cornwall-on-Hudson4%9%***4%***
Florida7%5%***3%***
Goshen4%5%**10%***
Greenwood Lake7%8%***4%***
Harriman2%2%***9%***
Highland Falls5%11%***5%***
Kiryas Joel62%60%48%
Maybrook6%8%**11%**
Monroe5%12%***3%***
Montgomery7%2%***5%***
Otisville8%9%***9%***
South Blooming Grove6%***7%***
Tuxedo Park4%3%***4%***
Unionville8%8%***4%***
Walden10%11%**11%**
Warwick4%6%***4%***
Washingtonville4%6%***4%**
Woodbury5%***8%**
Putnam Towns
Carmel3%4%**3%*
Kent4%4%**5%*
Patterson5%10%*11%**
Philipstown6%7%**5%**
Putnam Valley5%6%***4%**
Southeast6%7%*5%*
Putnam Villages
Brewster14%22%***17%**
Cold Spring5%8%***5%***
Nelsonville8%3%***2%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel15%16%*13%**
Callicoon10%13%***7%**
Cochecton7%16%**13%***
Delaware20%15%***12%***
Fallsburg21%23%27%
Forestburgh7%6%***4%***
Fremont16%7%***9%***
Highland16%17%**14%**
Liberty17%19%*17%*
Lumberland12%17%**12%***
Mamakating10%9%*8%*
Neversink11%10%**8%***
Rockland14%17%**20%***
Thompson23%24%20%
Tusten9%11%**14%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg11%16%***28%***
Jeffersonville7%29%***13%***
Liberty15%17%*26%*
Monticello36%34%*27%*
Woodridge31%21%**23%***
Wurtsboro11%18%***9%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston16%17%18%
Ulster Towns
Denning12%12%**9%***
Esopus12%8%**12%*
Gardiner7%12%***8%**
Hardenburgh13%9%***22%***
Hurley6%4%***10%**
Kingston8%8%***9%***
Lloyd7%9%*10%**
Marbletown7%5%**12%**
Marlborough8%11%*7%**
New Paltz19%23%16%*
Olive5%13%**8%***
Plattekill10%12%**11%*
Rochester11%12%**8%**
Rosendale12%7%**9%*
Saugerties8%9%*10%*
Shandaken12%11%**14%**
Shawangunk13%19%*21%
Ulster9%11%*14%*
Wawarsing19%20%*18%*
Woodstock10%11%*13%*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville23%22%*19%**
New Paltz37%39%*33%*
Saugerties12%14%**11%**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of People Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-17
Region100,440121,366121,801
Columbia County5,4715,9316,806
Dutchess County19,85825,49725,353
Greene County5,4326,6715,550
Orange County34,67242,14145,108
Putnam County4,1105,7554,719
Sullivan County11,55912,85711,583
Ulster County19,33822,51422,682
NYS (excluding NYC)1,023,2641,211,0491,260,183
U.S.33,899,81244,852,52745,650,345
Columbia Cities
Hudson1,7131,502*1,121*
Columbia Towns
Ancram110198**181**
Austerlitz8187***222***
Canaan7784***174**
Chatham280258**256***
Claverack410430**702**
Clermont161207**267**
Copake261443***444***
Gallatin8467***163***
Germantown15796***103**
Ghent230264**522**
Greenport431437***538*
Hillsdale144211***159**
Kinderhook373422**686**
Livingston189374**233**
New Lebanon211277**189**
Stockport366293***268*
Stuyvesant93135***389**
Taghkanic100146***189**
Columbia Villages
Chatham144215**150**
Kinderhook2985***31***
Philmont200237**305***
Valatie154210***141***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon1,4652,140*1,250*
Poughkeepsie6,6147,9586,646
Dutchess Towns
Amenia326497***420***
Beekman540415***732*
Clinton148342**278**
Dover702723**1,246*
East Fishkill7191,267***1,111*
Fishkill869932**1,838*
Hyde Park1,1151,583*1,655*
La Grange547751**452**
Milan10558***107***
North East369204***250**
Pawling241392**625*
Pine Plains233180***337**
Pleasant Valley510784*799*
Poughkeepsie2,1563,858*3,352
Red Hook818675*971*
Rhinebeck683322**608**
Stanford150341***236**
Union Vale130200***243***
Wappinger1,0821,550**1,735*
Washington336325**462***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill14696***330**
Millbrook80177**174***
Millerton13189***150***
Pawling153192***186**
Red Hook155172**385**
Rhinebeck257184***301***
Tivoli202182***245***
Wappingers Falls602651***635**
Greene Towns
Ashland120102***112**
Athens345479**514**
Cairo6471,466**537*
Catskill1,7121,793*1,945*
Coxsackie767741**453**
Durham294418**520**
Greenville289289***461***
Halcott4416***18***
Hunter528561*332**
Jewett116140***47***
Lexington104193***88***
New Baltimore237190***239***
Prattsville75110***161***
Windham154173**123**
Greene Villages
Athens180118***202**
Catskill835903*1,120**
Coxsackie363328**206***
Hunter7395***113***
Tannersville8455***83***
Orange Cities
Middletown4,3794,9064,779
Newburgh7,0207,7578,586
Port Jervis1,5401,591*1,547*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove676851***914**
Chester862245***684**
Cornwall611595**490***
Crawford314377***832**
Deerpark754876**1,102*
Goshen502744**769**
Greenville162296***190***
Hamptonburgh136110***408**
Highlands319625**280***
Minisink207123***256***
Monroe8,92413,40212,199
Montgomery1,5841,511*1,793*
Mount Hope240392**696**
New Windsor1,3261,127**1,212*
Newburgh1,0222,103*2,137*
Tuxedo12892***102***
Wallkill2,0271,804*3,100*
Warwick1,3971,643*1,430*
Wawayanda230435**647*
Woodbury312536***955**
Orange Villages
Chester21689***501**
Cornwall-on-Hudson120258***108***
Florida188135***77***
Goshen194236**545***
Greenwood Lake233235***136***
Harriman4937***276***
Highland Falls173415***177***
Kiryas Joel7,96512,10810,820
Maybrook188236**349**
Monroe3761,043***251***
Montgomery24960***234***
Otisville77109***99***
South Blooming Grove203***214***
Tuxedo Park3219***24***
Unionville4541***21***
Walden604788**737**
Warwick268378***269***
Washingtonville214337***226**
Woodbury536***880**
Putnam Towns
Carmel9211,384**1,114*
Kent567597**618*
Patterson4951,170*1,209**
Philipstown564686**486**
Putnam Valley512665***451**
Southeast1,0511,253*841*
Putnam Villages
Brewster312505***393**
Cold Spring108143***100***
Nelsonville4321***11***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel603670*530**
Callicoon318385***199**
Cochecton95197**192***
Delaware539403***305***
Fallsburg2,1132,5693,022
Forestburgh5854***40***
Fremont218100***111***
Highland375411**332**
Liberty1,6051,834*1,570*
Lumberland227447**276***
Mamakating1,1331,033*961*
Neversink402343**263***
Rockland542647**746***
Thompson3,2023,5982,849
Tusten129166**187***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg3461***108***
Jeffersonville2893***38***
Liberty595726*1,049*
Monticello2,2212,225*1,736*
Woodridge275177**210***
Wurtsboro134156***115***
Ulster Cities
Kingston3,5724,0584,139
Ulster Towns
Denning6183**47***
Esopus1,058689**1,013*
Gardiner383658***456**
Hardenburgh2915***52***
Hurley404253***639**
Kingston6880***94***
Lloyd674915*1,031**
Marbletown429308**678**
Marlborough683948*600**
New Paltz1,9622,6611,785*
Olive227558**346***
Plattekill9401,259**1,115*
Rochester783860**609**
Rosendale730415**515*
Saugerties1,5361,665*1,898*
Shandaken405318**404**
Shawangunk1,4512,474*2,790
Ulster1,0951,331*1,656*
Wawarsing2,2162,331*2,031*
Woodstock632635*784*
Ulster Villages
Ellenville965891*770**
New Paltz1,4161,808*1,373*
Saugerties476555**435**

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Decreasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Household Types Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Maintaining
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Increasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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