Education
Prekindergarten Participation

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Prekindergarten Participation

What does this measure?

The number of children, age four or otherwise eligible for kindergarten in the following school year, enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, expressed as a percentage of all 4-year-olds.

Why is this important?

Early emphasis on reading and social skills prepares children to succeed later in their education.

How is the region performing?

In 2018, 29% of the Mid-Hudson Valley region's 4-year-olds were enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, up 22 percentage points from 2008, but below the 39% rate for the state (excluding NYC). Participation in the region and state has been growing - only 7% of the region's and 17% of the state's 4-year-olds were in publicly funded prekindergarten in 2008. Participation in 2018 was highest in Orange County, with 39% of 4-year-olds enrolled, followed by Sullivan with 37% and Greene with 33%. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state's preK program.

Among local school districts that participate in publicly funded preK (some do not), participation ranged from 17% of 4-year-olds in the Saugerties district to 100% in the Hunter-Tannersville district.

Notes about the data

Due to changes in the source of the data, results from 2017 onward may differ slightly from previous years. Prekindergarten enrollment through 2016 is as reported in New York State Education Department's (NYSED) School Report Card database. Enrollment for 2017 and onwards is provided by the NYSED's Office of Early Learning. Figures reflect children in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations; they do not include children attending private preschool or federally funded Head Start. In 1997, New York State enacted a law providing public support for prekindergarten, effective 1998.

Prekindergarten Participation
2008200920102011201220142015201620172018
Region7%26%26%26%27%25%27%29%28%29%
Columbia County7%15%18%20%21%27%30%32%23%32%
Dutchess County3%12%12%12%13%11%14%18%16%17%
Greene County3%26%62%34%39%33%33%30%36%33%
Orange County6%38%35%37%37%35%39%39%39%39%
Putnam County0%2%2%4%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan County28%37%39%40%43%40%40%39%37%37%
Ulster County8%25%24%24%24%24%22%27%26%30%
NYS (excluding NYC)17%37%37%37%37%36%37%39%39%39%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central0%13%11%0%0%0%13%12%0%0%
Germantown Central13%0%0%0%0%0%65%71%70%70%
Hudson City20%28%27%23%25%31%30%29%29%45%
Kinderhook Central0%0%0%0%0%22%25%25%0%31%
New Lebanon Central0%0%0%54%78%0%0%38%0%0%
Taconic Hills Central0%27%42%48%45%67%45%46%46%37%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Beacon City37%52%48%50%46%48%46%52%44%45%
Dover Union Free0%29%30%30%31%31%33%27%31%29%
Hyde Park Central0%0%0%0%0%0%32%55%61%63%
Millbrook Central0%0%0%0%7%0%0%0%0%0%
Northeast Central0%40%52%51%48%48%55%45%51%54%
Pawling Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Pine Plains Central0%7%0%0%0%0%0%48%0%0%
Poughkeepsie City0%33%35%35%36%32%33%34%34%35%
Red Hook Central0%0%0%0%29%0%0%10%0%0%
Rhinebeck Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Spackenkill Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Wappingers Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central0%30%47%31%41%33%38%36%42%35%
Catskill Central0%30%100%50%51%45%43%39%45%42%
Coxsackie-Athens Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greenville Central0%32%41%40%46%37%42%34%46%32%
Hunter-Tannersville Central72%99%73%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free0%10%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Cornwall Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Florida Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%25%26%26%26%
Goshen Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greenwood Lake Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Highland Falls Central27%40%23%0%0%0%0%35%0%0%
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free7%62%62%63%64%60%66%62%62%61%
Middletown City19%46%46%67%56%49%49%47%50%47%
Minisink Valley Central0%33%33%33%34%35%36%35%36%36%
Monroe-Woodbury Central0%0%9%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Newburgh City0%72%66%72%77%70%75%77%79%79%
Pine Bush Central18%26%36%28%28%29%30%29%28%39%
Port Jervis City0%87%20%18%18%18%18%21%21%24%
Tuxedo Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Valley Central0%25%25%26%26%28%46%46%46%46%
Warwick Valley Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Washingtonville Central24%38%38%50%43%50%53%45%50%39%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central0%8%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Carmel Central0%0%6%12%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Garrison Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Haldane Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Mahopac Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Putnam Valley Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central39%56%37%53%34%51%37%66%49%40%
Fallsburg Central29%25%28%39%33%25%30%24%24%25%
Liberty Central42%49%56%59%62%65%48%60%56%61%
Livingston Manor Central100%99%89%62%85%58%74%66%0%0%
Monticello Central0%34%34%33%35%36%41%36%44%48%
Sullivan West Central21%17%16%16%17%18%18%34%0%0%
Tri-Valley Central100%67%97%73%100%80%78%56%79%73%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central41%48%47%47%42%45%39%52%42%40%
Highland Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Kingston City15%50%49%48%49%51%43%53%51%52%
Marlboro Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
New Paltz Central10%11%10%11%11%0%0%0%0%0%
Onteora Central0%29%29%29%32%26%46%39%45%42%
Rondout Valley Central0%38%38%41%42%40%43%55%55%77%
Saugerties Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%17%
Wallkill Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect percentage of 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state’s preK program.




Number of Students in Prekindergarten
2008200920102011201220142015201620172018
Region9253,4843,5623,5493,5063,1783,3923,5943,4513,529
Columbia County4399116124125145170183132161
Dutchess County110380378375400340405510466462
Greene County13121293160162147148133144145
Orange County3442,0901,9392,0171,9831,8071,9511,9881,9471,952
Putnam County0182042000000
Sullivan County251328366380390344332346341318
Ulster County164448450451446395386434421491
NYS (excluding NYC)23,20048,71748,65949,10048,58645,62847,03448,12548,18047,794
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central01311000121100
Germantown Central70000030333229
Hudson City36504941424748464664
Kinderhook Central00000222626029
New Lebanon Central0001926001200
Taconic Hills Central0365664577654555439
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central0000000000
Beacon City110150139141127130117131111109
Dover Union Free0353535353535283229
Hyde Park Central00000077130148147
Millbrook Central0000400000
Northeast Central0303837343336293334
Pawling Central0000000000
Pine Plains Central06000003700
Poughkeepsie City0159166162162142140143142143
Red Hook Central000038001200
Rhinebeck Central0000000000
Spackenkill Union Free0000000000
Wappingers Central0000000000
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central0274228322832303229
Catskill Central04519873666260535657
Coxsackie-Athens Central0000000000
Greenville Central0303938383337303728
Hunter-Tannersville Central13191421262419201931
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central0000000000
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free0900000000
Cornwall Central0000000000
Florida Union Free00000017181818
Goshen Central0000000000
Greenwood Lake Union Free0000000000
Highland Falls Central35512900004200
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free57513513514521466508486475470
Middletown City108267269381320269261260267255
Minisink Valley Central0104104104104104104103104104
Monroe-Woodbury Central00440000000
Newburgh City0644593633677592620651652653
Pine Bush Central72102141108108106108107100144
Port Jervis City02004640403838464450
Tuxedo Union Free0000000000
Valley Central08686878690147148147148
Warwick Valley Central0000000000
Washingtonville Central72114114150127142148127140110
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central01800000000
Carmel Central002042000000
Garrison Union Free0000000000
Haldane Central0000000000
Mahopac Central0000000000
Putnam Valley Central0000000000
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central21302131192719362821
Fallsburg Central44384564523742363836
Liberty Central53617480807957757474
Livingston Manor Central292827192516201900
Monticello Central09410010010097108102129129
Sullivan West Central181515151515153000
Tri-Valley Central71467155885451395749
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central56606060535246574745
Highland Central0000000000
Kingston City92279279274274257227260252259
Marlboro Central0000000000
New Paltz Central161615161600000
Onteora Central0282929312343343937
Rondout Valley Central06567727263708383118
Saugerties Central00000000032
Wallkill Central0000000000

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state’s preK program.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Decreasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Household Types Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Maintaining
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Increasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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