Prekindergarten Participation

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Prekindergarten Participation

What does this measure?

The number of children, age four or otherwise eligible for kindergarten in the following school year, enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, expressed as a percentage of all 4-year-olds.

Why is this important?

Early emphasis on reading and social skills prepares children to succeed later in their education.

How is the region performing?

In 2020, 28% of the Mid-Hudson Valley region's 4-year-olds were enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, up 2 percentage point from 2009, but below the 42% rate for the state (excluding NYC). Participation in 2020 was highest in Sullivan County, with 38% of 4-year-olds enrolled, followed by Orange with 37% and Greene with 26%. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state's preK program.

Among local school districts that participate in publicly funded preK (some do not), participation ranged from 17% of 4-year-olds in the Port Jervis district to 100% in the Hunter-Tannersville district.

Notes about the data

Due to changes in the source of the data, results from 2017 onward may differ slightly from previous years. Prekindergarten enrollment through 2016 is as reported in New York State Education Department's (NYSED) School Report Card database. Enrollment for 2017 and onwards is provided by the NYSED's Office of Early Learning. Figures reflect children in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations; they do not include children attending private preschool or federally funded Head Start. In 1997, New York State enacted a law providing public support for prekindergarten, effective 1998.

Prekindergarten Participation
Columbia County18%20%21%27%30%32%24%32%27%20%
Dutchess County12%12%13%11%14%18%17%17%11%16%
Greene County62%34%39%33%33%30%36%33%30%26%
Orange County35%37%37%35%39%39%39%39%37%37%
Putnam County2%4%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan County39%40%43%40%39%39%37%37%36%38%
Ulster County24%24%24%24%22%27%26%30%32%35%
NYS (excluding NYC)37%37%37%36%37%38%39%39%39%42%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central11%0%0%0%13%12%0%0%0%0%
Germantown Central0%0%0%0%65%71%71%72%51%86%
Hudson City27%23%25%31%30%29%29%46%33%19%
Kinderhook Central0%0%0%22%25%25%0%32%34%0%
New Lebanon Central0%54%78%0%0%38%0%0%0%0%
Taconic Hills Central42%48%45%66%45%46%46%38%37%38%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Beacon City48%50%46%48%46%52%44%45%42%44%
Dover Union Free30%30%31%31%33%27%31%29%31%26%
Hyde Park Central0%0%0%0%32%55%62%64%0%62%
Millbrook Central0%0%7%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Northeast Central52%51%48%48%55%45%51%54%43%42%
Pawling Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Pine Plains Central0%0%0%0%0%48%0%0%0%0%
Poughkeepsie City35%35%36%32%33%35%34%35%34%33%
Red Hook Central0%0%29%0%0%10%0%0%0%0%
Rhinebeck Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Spackenkill Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Wappingers Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central47%31%41%33%38%36%42%35%36%33%
Catskill Central100%50%51%45%43%39%45%42%31%21%
Coxsackie-Athens Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greenville Central41%40%46%37%42%34%46%32%44%37%
Hunter-Tannersville Central73%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Cornwall Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Florida Union Free0%0%0%0%25%26%27%26%25%26%
Goshen Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greenwood Lake Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Highland Falls Central23%0%0%0%0%35%0%0%0%0%
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free62%63%64%60%66%62%62%61%56%59%
Middletown City46%66%56%49%49%47%50%47%45%47%
Minisink Valley Central33%33%34%35%36%35%36%36%34%35%
Monroe-Woodbury Central9%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Newburgh City66%72%77%70%75%77%79%79%75%75%
Pine Bush Central36%28%28%29%30%29%28%39%35%36%
Port Jervis City20%18%18%18%18%21%21%24%19%17%
Tuxedo Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Valley Central25%26%26%28%46%46%47%47%44%45%
Warwick Valley Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Washingtonville Central38%50%43%50%53%45%51%39%48%39%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Carmel Central6%12%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Garrison Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Haldane Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Mahopac Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Putnam Valley Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central37%53%34%51%37%66%49%40%27%32%
Fallsburg Central28%39%33%25%29%24%24%25%25%21%
Liberty Central56%59%62%65%48%59%56%61%78%55%
Livingston Manor Central89%62%85%58%73%66%0%0%0%0%
Monticello Central34%33%35%36%40%36%44%47%40%57%
Sullivan West Central16%16%17%18%18%34%0%0%0%0%
Tri-Valley Central97%73%100%80%77%56%78%72%57%72%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central47%47%42%45%39%52%42%40%52%40%
Highland Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Kingston City49%48%49%51%43%53%51%52%54%60%
Marlboro Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
New Paltz Central10%11%11%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Onteora Central29%29%32%26%46%39%45%42%49%44%
Rondout Valley Central38%41%42%40%43%55%55%77%48%73%
Saugerties Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%17%38%39%
Wallkill Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect percentage of 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state’s preK program.

Number of Students in Prekindergarten
Columbia County116124125145170183132161140102
Dutchess County378375400340405510466462307447
Greene County293160162147148133144145123100
Orange County1,9392,0171,9831,8071,9511,9881,9471,9521,9541,924
Putnam County204200000000
Sullivan County366380390344332346341318326349
Ulster County450451446395386434421491504562
NYS (excluding NYC)48,65949,10048,58645,62847,03448,12548,18047,79448,77751,743
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central1100012110000
Germantown Central0000303332292135
Hudson City49414247484646644727
Kinderhook Central000222626029320
New Lebanon Central0192600120000
Taconic Hills Central56645776545554394040
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central0000000000
Beacon City139141127130117131111109106111
Dover Union Free35353535352832293227
Hyde Park Central0000771301481470147
Millbrook Central0040000000
Northeast Central38373433362933342827
Pawling Central0000000000
Pine Plains Central00000370000
Poughkeepsie City166162162142140143142143141135
Red Hook Central003800120000
Rhinebeck Central0000000000
Spackenkill Union Free0000000000
Wappingers Central0000000000
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central42283228323032292824
Catskill Central198736662605356574025
Coxsackie-Athens Central0000000000
Greenville Central39383833373037283629
Hunter-Tannersville Central14212624192019311922
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central0000000000
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free0000000000
Cornwall Central0000000000
Florida Union Free0000171818181818
Goshen Central0000000000
Greenwood Lake Union Free0000000000
Highland Falls Central290000420000
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free513514521466508486475470457466
Middletown City269381320269261260267255257260
Minisink Valley Central104104104104104103104104104104
Monroe-Woodbury Central44000000000
Newburgh City593633677592620651652653652641
Pine Bush Central141108108106108107100144135136
Port Jervis City46404038384644504237
Tuxedo Union Free0000000000
Valley Central86878690147148147148147149
Warwick Valley Central0000000000
Washingtonville Central114150127142148127140110142113
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central0000000000
Carmel Central204200000000
Garrison Union Free0000000000
Haldane Central0000000000
Mahopac Central0000000000
Putnam Valley Central0000000000
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central21311927193628211518
Fallsburg Central45645237423638363833
Liberty Central748080795775747410172
Livingston Manor Central2719251620190000
Monticello Central10010010097108102129129114164
Sullivan West Central1515151515300000
Tri-Valley Central71558854513957494152
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central60605352465747455745
Highland Central0000000000
Kingston City279274274257227260252259263294
Marlboro Central0000000000
New Paltz Central1516160000000
Onteora Central29293123433439374238
Rondout Valley Central6772726370838311871110
Saugerties Central0000000327175
Wallkill Central0000000000

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state’s preK program.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Decreasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing