Prekindergarten Participation

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Prekindergarten Participation

What does this measure?

The number of children, age four or otherwise eligible for kindergarten in the following school year, enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, expressed as a percentage of all 4-year-olds.

Why is this important?

Early emphasis on reading and social skills prepares children to succeed later in their education.

How is the region performing?

In 2019, 27% of the Mid-Hudson Valley region's 4-year-olds were enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs, up 1 percentage point from 2009, but below the 39% rate for the state (excluding NYC). Participation in 2019 was highest in Orange County, with 37% of 4-year-olds enrolled, followed by Sullivan with 36% and Greene with 30%. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state's preK program.

Among local school districts that participate in publicly funded preK (some do not), participation ranged from 19% of 4-year-olds in the Port Jervis district to 100% in the Hunter-Tannersville district.

Notes about the data

Due to changes in the source of the data, results from 2017 onward may differ slightly from previous years. Prekindergarten enrollment through 2016 is as reported in New York State Education Department's (NYSED) School Report Card database. Enrollment for 2017 and onwards is provided by the NYSED's Office of Early Learning. Figures reflect children in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations; they do not include children attending private preschool or federally funded Head Start. In 1997, New York State enacted a law providing public support for prekindergarten, effective 1998.

Prekindergarten Participation
Columbia County15%18%20%21%27%30%32%24%32%27%
Dutchess County12%12%12%13%11%14%18%16%17%11%
Greene County26%62%34%39%33%34%30%36%34%30%
Orange County38%35%37%37%35%39%38%39%39%37%
Putnam County2%2%4%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan County37%39%40%43%40%40%39%36%37%36%
Ulster County25%24%24%24%24%22%27%26%30%31%
NYS (excluding NYC)37%37%37%37%36%37%39%39%39%39%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central13%11%0%0%0%13%12%0%0%0%
Germantown Central0%0%0%0%0%65%72%71%72%50%
Hudson City28%27%23%25%31%30%29%30%46%32%
Kinderhook Central0%0%0%0%22%25%25%0%32%34%
New Lebanon Central0%0%54%78%0%0%38%0%0%0%
Taconic Hills Central27%42%48%45%67%45%46%46%37%37%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Beacon City52%48%50%46%48%46%52%44%45%42%
Dover Union Free29%30%30%31%31%33%27%31%29%31%
Hyde Park Central0%0%0%0%0%32%54%61%63%0%
Millbrook Central0%0%0%7%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Northeast Central40%52%51%48%48%55%45%51%54%43%
Pawling Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Pine Plains Central7%0%0%0%0%0%48%0%0%0%
Poughkeepsie City33%35%35%36%32%33%34%34%35%34%
Red Hook Central0%0%0%29%0%0%10%0%0%0%
Rhinebeck Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Spackenkill Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Wappingers Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central30%47%31%41%33%38%36%42%36%36%
Catskill Central30%100%50%51%45%44%39%45%43%31%
Coxsackie-Athens Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greenville Central32%41%40%46%37%42%34%46%32%44%
Hunter-Tannersville Central99%73%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%100%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free10%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Cornwall Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Florida Union Free0%0%0%0%0%25%26%26%26%25%
Goshen Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Greenwood Lake Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Highland Falls Central40%23%0%0%0%0%35%0%0%0%
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free62%62%63%64%60%66%62%62%61%56%
Middletown City46%46%67%56%49%49%47%50%47%45%
Minisink Valley Central33%33%33%34%35%36%35%36%36%34%
Monroe-Woodbury Central0%9%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Newburgh City72%66%72%77%70%75%77%79%79%74%
Pine Bush Central26%36%28%28%29%30%29%27%39%35%
Port Jervis City87%20%18%18%18%18%21%21%24%19%
Tuxedo Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Valley Central25%25%26%26%28%46%46%46%46%44%
Warwick Valley Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Washingtonville Central38%38%50%43%50%53%45%50%39%48%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central8%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Carmel Central0%6%12%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Garrison Union Free0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Haldane Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Mahopac Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Putnam Valley Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central56%37%53%34%51%37%66%49%40%27%
Fallsburg Central25%28%39%33%25%29%24%24%25%25%
Liberty Central49%56%59%62%65%48%59%56%60%78%
Livingston Manor Central99%89%62%85%58%74%66%0%0%0%
Monticello Central34%34%33%35%36%41%36%44%47%40%
Sullivan West Central17%16%16%17%18%18%34%0%0%0%
Tri-Valley Central67%97%73%100%80%78%56%77%72%58%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central48%47%47%42%45%39%52%42%40%52%
Highland Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Kingston City50%49%48%49%51%43%53%51%52%54%
Marlboro Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%
New Paltz Central11%10%11%11%0%0%0%0%0%0%
Onteora Central29%29%29%32%26%46%40%45%42%49%
Rondout Valley Central38%38%41%42%40%43%55%55%77%47%
Saugerties Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%17%38%
Wallkill Central0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%0%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect percentage of 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state’s preK program.

Number of Students in Prekindergarten
Columbia County99116124125145170183132161140
Dutchess County380378375400340405510466462307
Greene County121293160162147148133144145123
Orange County2,0901,9392,0171,9831,8071,9511,9881,9471,9521,954
Putnam County1820420000000
Sullivan County328366380390344332346341318326
Ulster County448450451446395386434421491504
NYS (excluding NYC)48,71748,65949,10048,58645,62847,03448,12548,18047,79448,777
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central13110001211000
Germantown Central000003033322921
Hudson City50494142474846466447
Kinderhook Central000022262602932
New Lebanon Central0019260012000
Taconic Hills Central36566457765455543940
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central0000000000
Beacon City150139141127130117131111109106
Dover Union Free35353535353528322932
Hyde Park Central00000771301481470
Millbrook Central0004000000
Northeast Central30383734333629333428
Pawling Central0000000000
Pine Plains Central60000037000
Poughkeepsie City159166162162142140143142143141
Red Hook Central000380012000
Rhinebeck Central0000000000
Spackenkill Union Free0000000000
Wappingers Central0000000000
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central27422832283230322928
Catskill Central451987366626053565740
Coxsackie-Athens Central0000000000
Greenville Central30393838333730372836
Hunter-Tannersville Central19142126241920193119
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central0000000000
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free9000000000
Cornwall Central0000000000
Florida Union Free000001718181818
Goshen Central0000000000
Greenwood Lake Union Free0000000000
Highland Falls Central5129000042000
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free513513514521466508486475470457
Middletown City267269381320269261260267255257
Minisink Valley Central104104104104104104103104104104
Monroe-Woodbury Central04400000000
Newburgh City644593633677592620651652653652
Pine Bush Central102141108108106108107100144135
Port Jervis City200464040383846445042
Tuxedo Union Free0000000000
Valley Central8686878690147148147148147
Warwick Valley Central0000000000
Washingtonville Central114114150127142148127140110142
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central18000000000
Carmel Central020420000000
Garrison Union Free0000000000
Haldane Central0000000000
Mahopac Central0000000000
Putnam Valley Central0000000000
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central30213119271936282115
Fallsburg Central38456452374236383638
Liberty Central617480807957757474101
Livingston Manor Central28271925162019000
Monticello Central9410010010097108102129129114
Sullivan West Central15151515151530000
Tri-Valley Central46715588545139574941
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central60606053524657474557
Highland Central0000000000
Kingston City279279274274257227260252259263
Marlboro Central0000000000
New Paltz Central16151616000000
Onteora Central28292931234334393742
Rondout Valley Central656772726370838311871
Saugerties Central000000003271
Wallkill Central0000000000

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect 4-year-olds in free prekindergarten programs provided by school districts or community organizations. In recent years, no Putnam County districts have participated in the state’s preK program.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing