Children and Youth
Children Living in Poverty

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Children Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2022, the threshold for a four-person family was $29,678.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is the region performing?

In 2018-22, 15% of children in the region lived in poverty, down 1 percentage point from the rate in 2013-17. The 2018-22 rate was similar to the state (excluding NYC) and below the national rate of 17%.

Within the region, Sullivan County had the highest percentage of children living in poverty (23%). Putnam had the lowest rate (6%). Since 2008-12, Putnam and Ulster each had a one percentage point increase in child poverty rates, while Orange increased by two percentage points. In that same time frame, rates decreased or stayed the same in all other counties in the region.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Children Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-172018-22
Region13%15%16%15%
Columbia12%14%15%14%*
Dutchess9%11%12%9%
Greene16%19%17%11%*
Orange15%18%20%20%
Putnam5%5%*4%*6%*
Sullivan23%23%23%23%
Ulster14%15%16%16%
NYS (excluding NYC)13%15%16%14%
U.S.17%21%20%17%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County38%37%*19%***33%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County5%34%***36%***13%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County7%13%***27%***0%***
Canaan town, Columbia County6%6%***13%***11%***
Chatham town, Columbia County7%9%***11%***8%***
Claverack town, Columbia County7%5%***21%***17%***
Clermont town, Columbia County9%15%***17%***3%***
Copake town, Columbia County12%15%***6%***0%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County4%0%***15%***8%***
Germantown town, Columbia County11%3%***6%***0%***
Ghent town, Columbia County4%3%***24%***11%***
Greenport town, Columbia County13%22%***20%***30%***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County9%20%***9%***27%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County6%4%***8%***4%***
Livingston town, Columbia County4%12%***6%***39%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County17%22%***10%***17%***
Stockport town, Columbia County22%18%***8%***11%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County6%2%***24%***9%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County15%32%***22%***2%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County9%15%***10%***6%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County3%9%***0%***5%***
Philmont village, Columbia County16%20%***37%***24%***
Valatie village, Columbia County14%8%***17%***8%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County17%20%*13%**11%***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County32%38%33%24%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County3%17%***11%***33%***
Beekman town, Dutchess County5%3%***6%**9%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County3%4%***3%***2%***
Dover town, Dutchess County11%8%***24%**20%***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County3%6%**5%**5%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County6%5%***16%*3%***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County6%9%**12%**13%**
La Grange town, Dutchess County4%7%***1%***4%***
Milan town, Dutchess County5%0%***4%***31%**
North East town, Dutchess County20%6%***6%***14%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County1%3%***8%**5%***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County15%5%***18%***16%***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County7%11%***5%***2%***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County6%10%*11%*4%**
Red Hook town, Dutchess County8%5%***3%***5%***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County8%5%***10%***2%***
Stanford town, Dutchess County3%16%***7%***19%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County2%2%***4%***6%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County5%4%***8%**5%**
Washington town, Dutchess County11%11%***21%**8%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County9%0%***24%***3%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County5%20%***22%***3%***
Millerton village, Dutchess County25%22%***24%***0%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County4%3%***4%***14%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County8%9%***6%***0%***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County11%12%***28%***0%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County13%15%***0%***8%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County15%15%***17%***0%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County29%3%***25%***4%***
Athens town, Greene County12%17%***9%***2%***
Cairo town, Greene County11%46%**8%***5%***
Catskill town, Greene County22%23%**17%**15%***
Coxsackie town, Greene County16%12%***15%**16%***
Durham town, Greene County9%19%***38%**26%***
Greenville town, Greene County15%10%***27%***3%***
Halcott town, Greene County45%0%***0%***17%***
Hunter town, Greene County24%21%***16%***16%***
Jewett town, Greene County22%15%***0%***14%***
Lexington town, Greene County16%38%***45%***46%***
New Baltimore town, Greene County10%1%***6%***0%***
Prattsville town, Greene County16%20%***45%***24%***
Windham town, Greene County6%3%***20%***0%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County12%1%***15%***3%***
Catskill village, Greene County30%32%**33%***0%***
Coxsackie village, Greene County14%9%***15%***7%***
Hunter village, Greene County22%30%***0%***0%***
Tannersville village, Greene County29%2%***13%***24%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County26%26%27%*20%*
Newburgh city, Orange County36%37%45%34%*
Port Jervis city, Orange County26%24%**30%*29%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County5%6%***6%**21%*
Chester town, Orange County5%2%***4%***2%***
Cornwall town, Orange County8%6%**5%***3%***
Crawford town, Orange County4%4%***10%***4%***
Deerpark town, Orange County11%15%***21%**5%***
Goshen town, Orange County3%5%***6%***4%***
Greenville town, Orange County5%6%***3%***1%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County5%1%***6%***11%***
Highlands town, Orange County5%10%**2%***3%***
Minisink town, Orange County7%0%***7%***26%**
Monroe town, Orange County40%46%38%10%**
Montgomery town, Orange County10%6%**9%**13%**
Mount Hope town, Orange County8%11%***25%***7%***
New Windsor town, Orange County6%4%***4%**6%**
Newburgh town, Orange County3%10%**12%*14%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County2%1%***2%***9%***
Wallkill town, Orange County12%6%**15%*18%*
Warwick town, Orange County4%6%**5%***6%**
Wawayanda town, Orange County2%4%***12%***5%***
Woodbury town, Orange County4%9%**15%**7%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County8%5%***10%***0%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County3%19%***2%***1%***
Florida village, Orange County8%6%***4%***9%***
Goshen village, Orange County1%2%***12%***1%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County8%4%***0%***25%***
Harriman village, Orange County2%0%***16%***10%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County6%15%***6%***11%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County64%61%49%46%
Maybrook village, Orange County8%9%***9%***0%***
Monroe village, Orange County4%20%**3%***10%***
Montgomery village, Orange County9%0%***7%***27%***
Otisville village, Orange County11%17%***14%***16%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County6%***11%***61%*
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County3%7%***5%***1%***
Unionville village, Orange County6%0%***0%***43%***
Walden village, Orange County13%15%***15%***23%**
Warwick village, Orange County4%10%***3%***4%***
Washingtonville village, Orange County3%6%***4%***4%***
Woodbury village, Orange County9%**15%**5%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County1%5%**2%***5%***
Kent town, Putnam County5%6%***7%**6%***
Patterson town, Putnam County6%3%***10%***7%***
Philipstown town, Putnam County5%4%***3%***6%***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County7%7%***1%***5%***
Southeast town, Putnam County9%6%***4%***8%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County14%20%***11%***26%***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County7%9%***7%***13%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County6%0%***0%***8%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County24%25%***24%***27%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County11%30%***0%***2%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County10%40%***23%***0%***
Delaware town, Sullivan County29%30%***8%***46%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County31%28%51%*24%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County4%12%***5%***16%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County22%5%***0%***22%***
Highland town, Sullivan County23%25%***15%***0%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County20%22%*17%***17%**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County16%29%**12%***6%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County10%7%**9%**20%*
Neversink town, Sullivan County14%10%***8%***13%***
Rockland town, Sullivan County23%27%***36%***4%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County35%34%*28%*37%*
Tusten town, Sullivan County9%9%***31%***11%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County18%19%***52%***71%**
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0%55%***5%***18%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County14%17%***22%***18%**
Monticello village, Sullivan County50%47%*31%**47%**
Woodridge village, Sullivan County42%13%***33%***4%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County12%29%***19%***9%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County24%28%29%23%*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County16%9%***5%***30%***
Esopus town, Ulster County11%4%***11%***23%**
Gardiner town, Ulster County9%17%***0%***2%***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County3%0%***46%***0%***
Hurley town, Ulster County8%2%***25%***21%***
Kingston town, Ulster County12%3%***23%***21%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County9%11%**13%***5%***
Marbletown town, Ulster County7%3%***13%***26%***
Marlborough town, Ulster County10%16%*7%***23%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County9%8%**6%***15%**
Olive town, Ulster County5%20%***8%***32%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County13%16%**12%***6%***
Rochester town, Ulster County17%16%***11%***18%***
Rosendale town, Ulster County20%4%***4%***10%***
Saugerties town, Ulster County11%12%**16%*6%***
Shandaken town, Ulster County14%6%***21%***13%***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County8%7%***10%***4%***
Ulster town, Ulster County11%15%**23%*21%***
Wawarsing town, Ulster County25%33%*23%**20%**
Woodstock town, Ulster County15%4%***29%***11%***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County32%32%*24%***28%***
New Paltz village, Ulster County19%4%***8%***11%***
Saugerties village, Ulster County18%35%***9%***3%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Children Living in Poverty
20002008-122013-172018-22
Region35,24639,42038,46636,211
Columbia1,7711,6811,6051,350*
Dutchess6,2967,1996,7514,910
Greene1,7281,7561,346812*
Orange14,71018,13019,13419,608
Putnam1,1641,232*827*1,097*
Sullivan4,0803,9683,7243,671
Ulster5,4975,4545,0794,763
NYS (excluding NYC)343,954386,509387,709333,246
U.S.11,711,49115,188,84414,710,48512,002,351
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County671586*216***315**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County1781***66***29***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County2132***73***0***
Canaan town, Columbia County1918***36***21***
Chatham town, Columbia County6661***85***62***
Claverack town, Columbia County10147***195***163***
Clermont town, Columbia County4868***77***10***
Copake town, Columbia County8391***39***0***
Gallatin town, Columbia County140***50***23***
Germantown town, Columbia County4915***21***0***
Ghent town, Columbia County5036***190***87***
Greenport town, Columbia County116161***128***231***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County3483***27***68***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County12273***140***68***
Livingston town, Columbia County2878***32***108***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County96110***35***42***
Stockport town, Columbia County17280***40***76***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County3110***130***44***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County3351***25***3***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County4154***22***15***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County728***0***10***
Philmont village, Columbia County6147***116***69***
Valatie village, Columbia County6631***57***28***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County631638*356**313***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County2,3802,8772,0831,497*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County30181***77***256***
Beekman town, Dutchess County190108***181**279***
Clinton town, Dutchess County2840***24***12***
Dover town, Dutchess County257141***419**232***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County237469**354**323**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County228223***634*113***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County300328**433**436**
La Grange town, Dutchess County185268***44***161***
Milan town, Dutchess County330***18***120**
North East town, Dutchess County13840***30***78***
Pawling town, Dutchess County2762***137**79***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County9520***77***52***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County168224***93***35***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County561877*936*325**
Red Hook town, Dutchess County209122***61***89***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County11668***123***20***
Stanford town, Dutchess County28114***37***117***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County2227***38***70***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County305269***413**256**
Washington town, Dutchess County128103***183**47***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County210***98***10***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County1366***57***4***
Millerton village, Dutchess County6440***30***0***
Pawling village, Dutchess County2416***16***61***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County3233***24***0***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County5968***101***0***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County3532***0***14***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County172144***154***0***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County524***29***2***
Athens town, Greene County107135***55***8***
Cairo town, Greene County159507**88***61***
Catskill town, Greene County602521**388**228***
Coxsackie town, Greene County246169***200**185***
Durham town, Greene County51127***211**150***
Greenville town, Greene County12169***204***17***
Halcott town, Greene County210***0***19***
Hunter town, Greene County173103***52***89***
Jewett town, Greene County4721***0***7***
Lexington town, Greene County2558***32***22***
New Baltimore town, Greene County769***25***0***
Prattsville town, Greene County2626***36***24***
Windham town, Greene County227***26***0***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County492***29***8***
Catskill village, Greene County330288**249***0***
Coxsackie village, Greene County10664***80***32***
Hunter village, Greene County3419***0***0***
Tannersville village, Greene County362***28***46***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County1,8021,8661,785*1,552*
Newburgh city, Orange County3,2663,2244,1552,339*
Port Jervis city, Orange County628584**702*527*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County230270***241**1,124*
Chester town, Orange County16250***110***41***
Cornwall town, Orange County260198**141***80***
Crawford town, Orange County84111***216***87***
Deerpark town, Orange County240238***314**67***
Goshen town, Orange County93153***171***116***
Greenville town, Orange County6071***27***9***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County639***77***137***
Highlands town, Orange County128237**59***98***
Minisink town, Orange County730***81***311**
Monroe town, Orange County5,0928,3717,346523**
Montgomery town, Orange County585364**462**647**
Mount Hope town, Orange County105153***290***73***
New Windsor town, Orange County360254***234**371**
Newburgh town, Orange County216743**791*796**
Tuxedo town, Orange County139***11***61***
Wallkill town, Orange County748402**880*1,092*
Warwick town, Orange County354479**348***396**
Wawayanda town, Orange County3766***202***86***
Woodbury town, Orange County111278**491**185***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County6843***65***0***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County26144***18***4***
Florida village, Orange County5631***25***58***
Goshen village, Orange County930***149***15***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County6530***0***164***
Harriman village, Orange County110***119***88***
Highland Falls village, Orange County49147***40***77***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County4,7777,8556,7738,890
Maybrook village, Orange County7868***46***0***
Monroe village, Orange County94494**75***217***
Montgomery village, Orange County980***73***244***
Otisville village, Orange County3248***37***67***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County47***71***982*
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County49***6***1***
Unionville village, Orange County90***0***74***
Walden village, Orange County250285***266***357**
Warwick village, Orange County56139***43***50***
Washingtonville village, Orange County5272***57***44***
Woodbury village, Orange County278**448**134***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County124444**151***321***
Kent town, Putnam County179165***187**149***
Patterson town, Putnam County16879***238***135***
Philipstown town, Putnam County11492***51***106***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County188193***26***108***
Southeast town, Putnam County391259***174***278**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County62114***51***118***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County2724***24***49***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County100***0***12***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County204160***145***193***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County77163***2***11***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County3280***69***0***
Delaware town, Sullivan County225114***36***156***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County8439021,382*774*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County817***9***13***
Fremont town, Sullivan County7810***0***40***
Highland town, Sullivan County119103***62***0***
Liberty town, Sullivan County459472*316***456**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County80218**68***24***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County298196**224**583*
Neversink town, Sullivan County14287***72***76***
Rockland town, Sullivan County227193***307***24***
Thompson town, Sullivan County1,2611,231*980*1,299*
Tusten town, Sullivan County2722***52***22***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County1118***43***376**
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County024***2***11***
Liberty village, Sullivan County127155***197***262**
Monticello village, Sullivan County871728*546**784**
Woodridge village, Sullivan County9821***84***10***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County4357***38***26***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County1,2751,5271,4081,192*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County1915***5***30***
Esopus town, Ulster County22674***134***297**
Gardiner town, Ulster County120187***0***15***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County10***19***0***
Hurley town, Ulster County11426***229***231***
Kingston town, Ulster County236***35***27***
Lloyd town, Ulster County198269**286***108***
Marbletown town, Ulster County10127***125***276***
Marlborough town, Ulster County224341*117***400***
New Paltz town, Ulster County190150**118***283**
Olive town, Ulster County51144***55***163***
Plattekill town, Ulster County354386**206***120***
Rochester town, Ulster County336281***117***241***
Rosendale town, Ulster County28250***30***87***
Saugerties town, Ulster County486474**625*193***
Shandaken town, Ulster County9217***54***27***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County208186***238***82***
Ulster town, Ulster County322356**486*482***
Wawarsing town, Ulster County717902*543**421**
Woodstock town, Ulster County15836***249***88***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County399408*254***285***
New Paltz village, Ulster County8214***45***62***
Saugerties village, Ulster County169225***69***20***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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