Children and Youth
Children Living in Poverty

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Children Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2018, the threshold for a four-person family was $25,465.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is the region performing?

The estimated proportion of children living in poverty increased in the region from 2000 to 2014-18, similar to the state (excluding NYC) and national trends. In 2014-18, 16% of children in the region lived in poverty, up 3 points from 2000 but similar to the rate in 2009-13. The 2014-18 rate was equal to the state (excluding NYC) and below the national rate of 20%.

Within the region, Sullivan County had the highest percentage of children living in poverty (22%). Putnam had among the lowest rates (5%). Since 2000, Columbia County had the largest increase in its child poverty rate (4 percentage points). Rates also increased since 2000 in Dutchess, Orange and Ulster (3 percentage points each), but were essentially flat in Greene, Putnam and Sullivan.

Among cities, towns and villages in the region for which reliable data was available, child poverty was highest in 2014-18 in Kiryas Joel (48%), Newburgh (42%), and Poughkeepsie (26%).

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Children Living in Poverty
20002009-132014-18
Region13%16%16%
Columbia County12%13%16%
Dutchess County9%11%12%
Greene County16%21%15%
Orange County15%19%19%
Putnam County5%6%*5%*
Sullivan County23%27%22%
Ulster County14%14%17%
NYS (excluding NYC)13%16%16%
U.S.17%22%20%
Columbia Cities
Hudson38%32%**29%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram5%32%***36%***
Austerlitz7%11%***26%***
Canaan6%8%***13%***
Chatham7%5%***13%***
Claverack7%8%***27%**
Clermont9%17%***11%***
Copake12%16%***1%***
Gallatin4%2%***19%***
Germantown11%4%***8%***
Ghent4%9%***19%***
Greenport13%11%***26%***
Hillsdale9%11%***12%***
Kinderhook6%3%***9%***
Livingston4%13%***5%***
New Lebanon17%8%***13%***
Stockport22%23%***12%***
Stuyvesant6%7%***22%***
Taghkanic15%38%***4%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham9%16%***13%***
Kinderhook3%1%***0%***
Philmont16%30%***28%***
Valatie14%12%***15%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon17%22%*11%**
Poughkeepsie32%37%26%
Dutchess Towns
Amenia3%15%***24%***
Beekman5%5%***7%**
Clinton3%5%***4%***
Dover11%8%***24%**
East Fishkill3%4%**4%**
Fishkill6%6%***16%*
Hyde Park6%9%**20%*
La Grange4%5%***1%***
Milan5%3%***11%***
North East20%7%***5%***
Pawling1%5%***8%**
Pine Plains15%6%***21%***
Pleasant Valley7%8%***6%***
Poughkeepsie6%13%*9%*
Red Hook8%6%***8%***
Rhinebeck8%7%***15%***
Stanford3%26%**4%***
Union Vale2%3%***12%***
Wappinger5%3%***9%**
Washington11%12%***18%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill9%6%***17%***
Millbrook5%21%***14%***
Millerton25%22%***22%***
Pawling4%4%***7%***
Red Hook8%11%***8%***
Rhinebeck11%16%***41%***
Tivoli13%6%***0%***
Wappingers Falls15%11%***19%***
Greene Towns
Ashland29%10%***23%***
Athens12%16%***8%***
Cairo11%42%**5%***
Catskill22%22%**15%**
Coxsackie16%13%***14%**
Durham9%22%***42%**
Greenville15%21%***19%***
Halcott45%0%***0%***
Hunter24%17%***24%***
Jewett22%26%***11%***
Lexington16%57%***30%***
New Baltimore10%0%***4%***
Prattsville16%38%***29%***
Windham6%4%***15%***
Greene Villages
Athens12%7%***8%***
Catskill30%35%**26%***
Coxsackie14%9%***14%***
Hunter22%20%***0%***
Tannersville29%2%***17%***
Orange Cities
Middletown26%29%26%*
Newburgh36%40%42%
Port Jervis26%24%**32%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove5%9%**7%**
Chester5%2%***5%***
Cornwall8%4%***5%***
Crawford4%7%***9%***
Deerpark11%22%**10%***
Goshen3%5%***7%***
Greenville5%7%***2%***
Hamptonburgh5%0%***8%***
Highlands5%11%**0%***
Minisink7%7%***3%***
Monroe40%47%7%**
Montgomery10%7%**9%**
Mount Hope8%10%***28%**
New Windsor6%6%**4%**
Newburgh3%10%**8%**
Tuxedo2%1%***11%***
Wallkill12%5%**15%*
Warwick4%8%**3%***
Wawayanda2%3%***13%***
Woodbury4%8%**16%***
Orange Villages
Chester8%7%***11%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson3%15%***4%***
Florida8%7%***5%***
Goshen1%1%***12%***
Greenwood Lake8%4%***0%***
Harriman2%0%***17%**
Highland Falls6%20%***0%***
Kiryas Joel64%61%48%
Maybrook8%7%***8%***
Monroe4%20%**1%***
Montgomery9%0%***9%***
Otisville11%13%***11%***
South Blooming Grove13%***11%***
Tuxedo Park3%6%***4%***
Unionville6%0%***16%***
Walden13%21%***11%***
Warwick4%8%***4%***
Washingtonville3%9%***3%***
Woodbury9%**16%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel1%3%**3%***
Kent5%9%***8%**
Patterson6%5%***9%***
Philipstown5%5%***2%***
Putnam Valley7%7%***3%***
Southeast9%7%**6%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster14%22%***32%***
Cold Spring7%9%***8%***
Nelsonville6%0%***2%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel24%20%***22%***
Callicoon11%33%***2%***
Cochecton10%30%***17%***
Delaware29%18%***40%***
Fallsburg31%29%41%*
Forestburgh4%17%***8%***
Fremont22%4%***0%***
Highland23%24%***14%***
Liberty20%28%*17%**
Lumberland16%22%**18%***
Mamakating10%7%**9%**
Neversink14%8%***12%***
Rockland23%38%***15%***
Thompson35%47%*27%*
Tusten9%3%***24%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg18%14%***63%***
Jeffersonville0%38%***20%***
Liberty14%30%***23%***
Monticello50%63%*29%**
Woodridge42%11%***26%***
Wurtsboro12%28%***15%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston24%29%*29%*
Ulster Towns
Denning16%6%***2%***
Esopus11%5%***15%***
Gardiner9%12%***0%***
Hardenburgh3%0%***46%***
Hurley8%8%***17%***
Kingston12%3%***27%***
Lloyd9%14%**14%***
Marbletown7%4%***13%***
Marlborough10%16%**7%***
New Paltz9%10%**6%***
Olive5%20%***18%***
Plattekill13%12%**18%**
Rochester17%10%***18%**
Rosendale20%4%***7%***
Saugerties11%8%**17%*
Shandaken14%5%***43%***
Shawangunk8%6%***13%***
Ulster11%11%**21%**
Wawarsing25%34%*19%**
Woodstock15%3%***25%***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville32%34%*21%***
New Paltz19%8%***4%***
Saugerties18%30%***8%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Children Living in Poverty
20002009-132014-18
Region35,24640,34637,080
Columbia County1,7711,4961,717
Dutchess County6,2967,0376,561
Greene County1,7281,8431,170
Orange County14,71019,26117,800
Putnam County1,1641,281*975*
Sullivan County4,0804,4833,482
Ulster County5,4974,9455,375
NYS (excluding NYC)343,954400,322370,746
U.S.11,711,49115,701,79914,117,014
Columbia Cities
Hudson671472**327**
Columbia Towns
Ancram1769***60***
Austerlitz2131***69***
Canaan1923***31***
Chatham6632***104***
Claverack10183***240**
Clermont4873***46***
Copake8397***8***
Gallatin144***54***
Germantown4915***26***
Ghent5090***136***
Greenport11673***166***
Hillsdale3439***29***
Kinderhook12261***157***
Livingston2882***28***
New Lebanon9641***44***
Stockport172103***64***
Stuyvesant3131***124***
Taghkanic3377***4***
Columbia Villages
Chatham4148***25***
Kinderhook72***0***
Philmont6183***70***
Valatie6648***58***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon631641*287**
Poughkeepsie2,3802,6291,661
Dutchess Towns
Amenia30144***206***
Beekman190156***216**
Clinton2848***30***
Dover257155***414**
East Fishkill237288**270**
Fishkill228265***612*
Hyde Park300342**678*
La Grange185181***45***
Milan3314***46***
North East13841***28***
Pawling2788***135**
Pine Plains9523***84***
Pleasant Valley168170***109***
Poughkeepsie5611,142*673*
Red Hook209120***143***
Rhinebeck11684***191***
Stanford28155**21***
Union Vale2236***104***
Wappinger305198***453**
Washington128117***155***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill2132***55***
Millbrook1366***30***
Millerton6441***28***
Pawling2420***29***
Red Hook3236***29***
Rhinebeck5984***151***
Tivoli3510***0***
Wappingers Falls172114***185***
Greene Towns
Ashland5213***26***
Athens107126***45***
Cairo159535**61***
Catskill602515**269**
Coxsackie246165***191**
Durham51124***272**
Greenville121143***149***
Halcott210***0***
Hunter17382***59***
Jewett4719***8***
Lexington2575***23***
New Baltimore760***19***
Prattsville2639***17***
Windham227***31***
Greene Villages
Athens4916***14***
Catskill330331**126***
Coxsackie10646***73***
Hunter3412***0***
Tannersville362***34***
Orange Cities
Middletown1,8022,0561,728*
Newburgh3,2663,4713,691
Port Jervis628539**556*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove230364**261**
Chester16265***111***
Cornwall260141***137***
Crawford84164***207***
Deerpark240416**122***
Goshen93160***184***
Greenville6079***16***
Hamptonburgh635***114***
Highlands128246**10***
Minisink7394***28***
Monroe5,0928,553371**
Montgomery585444**473**
Mount Hope105143***319**
New Windsor360334**235**
Newburgh216704**501**
Tuxedo137***78***
Wallkill748355**927*
Warwick354614**170***
Wawayanda3748***203***
Woodbury111259**491***
Orange Villages
Chester6855***75***
Cornwall-on-Hudson26110***25***
Florida5641***38***
Goshen913***152***
Greenwood Lake6528***0***
Harriman110***132**
Highland Falls49156***0***
Kiryas Joel4,7777,9986,825
Maybrook7852***43***
Monroe94503**16***
Montgomery980***89***
Otisville3236***38***
South Blooming Grove103***76***
Tuxedo Park47***5***
Unionville90***28***
Walden250375***202***
Warwick56118***54***
Washingtonville52104***39***
Woodbury259**448***
Putnam Towns
Carmel124263**239***
Kent179295***191**
Patterson168118***198***
Philipstown114104***34***
Putnam Valley188201***59***
Southeast391300**254**
Putnam Villages
Brewster62123***136***
Cold Spring2730***30***
Nelsonville100***4***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel204105***154***
Callicoon77229***10***
Cochecton3263***44***
Delaware22577***203***
Fallsburg8438971,204*
Forestburgh826***14***
Fremont7810***0***
Highland119107***62***
Liberty459604*320**
Lumberland80158**89***
Mamakating298182**228**
Neversink14277***96***
Rockland227256***110***
Thompson1,2611,683*905*
Tusten279***43***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg1123***62***
Jeffersonville014***10***
Liberty127295***210***
Monticello8711,073*465**
Woodridge9821***71***
Wurtsboro4350***27***
Ulster Cities
Kingston1,2751,467*1,421*
Ulster Towns
Denning1911***2***
Esopus22675***190***
Gardiner120155***0***
Hardenburgh10***19***
Hurley11489***155***
Kingston236***52***
Lloyd198342**275***
Marbletown10133***135***
Marlborough224326**122***
New Paltz190185**117***
Olive51141***115***
Plattekill354272**319**
Rochester336164***211**
Rosendale28246***58***
Saugerties486292**650*
Shandaken9216***99***
Shawangunk208160***314***
Ulster322240**430**
Wawarsing717892*476**
Woodstock15833***215***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville399432*245***
New Paltz8235***17***
Saugerties169183***66***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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