Children and Youth
Children Living in Poverty

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Children Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2021, the threshold for a four-person family was $27,479.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is the region performing?

The estimated proportion of children living in poverty increased slightly in the region from 2000 to 2017-21, similar to the state (excluding NYC) and national trends. In 2017-21, 15% of children in the region lived in poverty, up 2 points from 2000 but lower than the rate in 2012-16. The 2017-21 rate was similar to the state (excluding NYC) and below the national rate of 17%.

Within the region, Sullivan County had the highest percentage of children living in poverty (23%). Putnam had among the lowest rates (6%). Since 2000, four counties (Columbia, Dutchess, Orange and Ulster) had a 2 percentage point increase in child poverty rates; Putnam increased by 1%. Rates decreased since 2000 in Greene (4 points) and were essentially flat in Sullivan.

Among cities, towns and villages in the region for which reliable data was available, child poverty was highest in the Monticello (49%), Kiryas Joel (42%), and Port Jervis (32%) in 2017-21.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Children Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)13%15%17%15%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County38%31%***30%**30%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County5%21%***49%**13%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County7%7%***30%***0%***
Canaan town, Columbia County6%5%***12%***11%***
Chatham town, Columbia County7%10%***15%***6%***
Claverack town, Columbia County7%7%***23%**22%***
Clermont town, Columbia County9%13%***19%***3%***
Copake town, Columbia County12%10%***10%***0%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County4%5%***12%***13%***
Germantown town, Columbia County11%4%***5%***0%***
Ghent town, Columbia County4%11%***20%***16%***
Greenport town, Columbia County13%21%***31%**26%***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County9%23%***5%***29%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County6%4%***8%***4%***
Livingston town, Columbia County4%24%***11%***22%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County17%10%***13%***19%***
Stockport town, Columbia County22%16%***9%***9%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County6%0%***22%***14%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County15%1%***46%***2%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County9%14%***8%***9%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County3%13%***2%***5%***
Philmont village, Columbia County16%29%***34%***56%***
Valatie village, Columbia County14%4%***16%***5%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County17%26%*14%**15%***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County32%37%32%30%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County3%15%***14%***35%**
Beekman town, Dutchess County5%2%***6%**10%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County3%5%***2%***2%***
Dover town, Dutchess County11%7%***19%**27%**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County3%6%***5%**4%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County6%4%***17%*7%***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County6%9%***13%**13%**
La Grange town, Dutchess County4%8%***3%***4%***
Milan town, Dutchess County5%0%***5%***26%***
North East town, Dutchess County20%4%***5%***8%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County1%4%***4%***8%**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County15%2%***15%***16%***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County7%8%***5%***5%***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County6%14%*11%*10%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County8%5%***3%***5%***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County8%4%***12%***4%***
Stanford town, Dutchess County3%12%***14%***16%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County2%3%***5%***7%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County5%6%***8%**6%**
Washington town, Dutchess County11%12%***22%***7%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County9%4%***25%***13%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County5%22%***19%***13%***
Millerton village, Dutchess County25%12%***21%***11%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County4%8%***3%***15%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County8%12%***3%***4%***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County11%8%***35%***0%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County13%17%***0%***5%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County15%19%***20%***17%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County29%0%***18%***23%***
Athens town, Greene County12%17%***10%***0%***
Cairo town, Greene County11%36%***17%**6%***
Catskill town, Greene County22%27%*15%**10%***
Coxsackie town, Greene County16%14%***14%**19%***
Durham town, Greene County9%19%***25%***35%**
Greenville town, Greene County15%14%***24%***9%***
Halcott town, Greene County45%0%***0%***19%***
Hunter town, Greene County24%23%***11%***16%***
Jewett town, Greene County22%14%***0%***34%***
Lexington town, Greene County16%32%***62%***0%***
New Baltimore town, Greene County10%2%***4%***0%***
Prattsville town, Greene County16%13%***45%***27%***
Windham town, Greene County6%3%***6%***9%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County12%5%***12%***0%***
Catskill village, Greene County30%37%***25%***7%***
Coxsackie village, Greene County14%10%***14%***9%***
Hunter village, Greene County22%35%***0%***0%***
Tannersville village, Greene County29%1%***0%***24%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County26%24%27%*22%*
Newburgh city, Orange County36%36%45%25%*
Port Jervis city, Orange County26%24%**26%**32%*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County5%10%**8%**12%**
Chester town, Orange County5%2%***6%***1%***
Cornwall town, Orange County8%4%***7%***2%***
Crawford town, Orange County4%5%***9%***6%***
Deerpark town, Orange County11%16%***20%**5%***
Goshen town, Orange County3%4%***6%***9%***
Greenville town, Orange County5%8%***2%***1%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County5%5%***5%***4%***
Highlands town, Orange County5%10%***3%***3%***
Minisink town, Orange County7%0%***6%***21%***
Monroe town, Orange County40%46%46%4%***
Montgomery town, Orange County10%7%***7%**11%*
Mount Hope town, Orange County8%10%***17%***4%***
New Windsor town, Orange County6%6%***4%**6%**
Newburgh town, Orange County3%12%**6%**17%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County2%0%***1%***19%***
Wallkill town, Orange County12%6%**13%**14%**
Warwick town, Orange County4%5%***5%***4%**
Wawayanda town, Orange County2%2%***5%***7%***
Woodbury town, Orange County4%5%***15%*6%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County8%4%***14%***0%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County3%16%***4%***4%***
Florida village, Orange County8%6%***1%***12%***
Goshen village, Orange County1%2%***7%***11%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County8%5%***0%***0%***
Harriman village, Orange County2%0%***17%***4%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County6%15%***5%***11%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County64%63%58%42%
Maybrook village, Orange County8%10%***11%***4%***
Monroe village, Orange County4%10%***13%**4%***
Montgomery village, Orange County9%0%***6%***5%***
Otisville village, Orange County11%15%***10%***4%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County6%***17%***33%**
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County3%3%***3%***3%***
Unionville village, Orange County6%0%***0%***21%***
Walden village, Orange County13%17%***11%***28%**
Warwick village, Orange County4%9%***2%***4%***
Washingtonville village, Orange County3%5%***6%***2%***
Woodbury village, Orange County5%***15%**6%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County1%4%**2%***8%***
Kent town, Putnam County5%6%***8%**6%***
Patterson town, Putnam County6%2%***10%***6%***
Philipstown town, Putnam County5%5%***4%***5%***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County7%9%***2%***5%***
Southeast town, Putnam County9%7%***5%***7%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County14%20%***7%***21%***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County7%1%***15%***10%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County6%0%***0%***3%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County24%33%***26%***25%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County11%23%***11%***2%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County10%29%***25%***10%***
Delaware town, Sullivan County29%29%***8%***46%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County31%32%47%28%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County4%11%***6%***23%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County22%4%***0%***10%***
Highland town, Sullivan County23%27%***16%***10%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County20%19%**25%**16%**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County16%29%***11%***7%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County10%6%***8%**15%**
Neversink town, Sullivan County14%19%***2%***20%***
Rockland town, Sullivan County23%16%***32%***0%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County35%29%*34%*40%*
Tusten town, Sullivan County9%6%***25%***16%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County18%30%***28%***61%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0%25%***21%***17%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County14%10%***32%**20%**
Monticello village, Sullivan County50%34%**40%*49%*
Woodridge village, Sullivan County42%29%***56%**6%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County12%17%***32%***0%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County24%29%*30%26%*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County16%15%***2%***18%***
Esopus town, Ulster County11%6%***6%***15%***
Gardiner town, Ulster County9%2%***9%***0%***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County3%0%***45%***0%***
Hurley town, Ulster County8%2%***13%***33%***
Kingston town, Ulster County12%2%***21%***24%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County9%17%***13%***5%***
Marbletown town, Ulster County7%1%***17%***25%***
Marlborough town, Ulster County10%20%**2%***9%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County9%9%***8%**11%***
Olive town, Ulster County5%18%***14%***32%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County13%13%***13%***10%***
Rochester town, Ulster County17%17%***9%***23%**
Rosendale town, Ulster County20%4%***3%***10%***
Saugerties town, Ulster County11%13%***14%*7%***
Shandaken town, Ulster County14%13%***17%***15%***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County8%9%***6%***9%***
Ulster town, Ulster County11%12%***21%**24%**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County25%33%*22%*18%**
Woodstock town, Ulster County15%8%***6%***22%***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County32%41%**26%**24%***
New Paltz village, Ulster County19%21%***8%***6%***
Saugerties village, Ulster County18%30%***8%***2%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of Children Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)343,954377,733397,874344,768
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County671450***425**297**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County1742***139**30***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County2119***83***0***
Canaan town, Columbia County1912***32***25***
Chatham town, Columbia County6684***111***54***
Claverack town, Columbia County10175***210**202***
Clermont town, Columbia County4867***83***11***
Copake town, Columbia County8356***59***0***
Gallatin town, Columbia County1415***40***33***
Germantown town, Columbia County4917***16***0***
Ghent town, Columbia County50129***154***137***
Greenport town, Columbia County116137***215**194***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County3498***14***68***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County12278***135***56***
Livingston town, Columbia County28165***64***80***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County9653***45***56***
Stockport town, Columbia County17271***49***59***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County310***101***78***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County332***72***3***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County4148***17***22***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County746***5***11***
Philmont village, Columbia County6175***126***113***
Valatie village, Columbia County6615***52***17***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County631880*356**460***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County2,3802,7782,1011,701*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County30175***119***268**
Beekman town, Dutchess County19085***190**287***
Clinton town, Dutchess County2848***22***12***
Dover town, Dutchess County257124***357**384**
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County237449***339**237**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County228153***683*244***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County300396***447**461**
La Grange town, Dutchess County185308***99***144***
Milan town, Dutchess County330***19***103***
North East town, Dutchess County13825***22***43***
Pawling town, Dutchess County2780***66***138**
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County958***73***50***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County168174***93***100***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County5611,173*940*746*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County209117***55***98***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County11650***134***45***
Stanford town, Dutchess County2889***77***94***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County2236***41***82***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County305379***413**283**
Washington town, Dutchess County128121***191***50***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County2117***124***38***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County1374***48***19***
Millerton village, Dutchess County6425***22***20***
Pawling village, Dutchess County2437***13***60***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County3252***9***14***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County5950***134***0***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County3533***0***6***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County172245***193***185***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County520***23***18***
Athens town, Greene County107139***67***0***
Cairo town, Greene County159449***190**69***
Catskill town, Greene County602635*339**156***
Coxsackie town, Greene County246198***202**230***
Durham town, Greene County51116***129***244**
Greenville town, Greene County121107***170***54***
Halcott town, Greene County210***0***20***
Hunter town, Greene County173115***36***105***
Jewett town, Greene County4723***0***14***
Lexington town, Greene County2543***71***0***
New Baltimore town, Greene County7617***19***0***
Prattsville town, Greene County2619***34***32***
Windham town, Greene County228***10***20***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County4916***22***0***
Catskill village, Greene County330390***201***27***
Coxsackie village, Greene County10658***78***49***
Hunter village, Greene County3420***0***0***
Tannersville village, Greene County361***0***57***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County1,8021,7741,726*1,614*
Newburgh city, Orange County3,2663,2154,1971,893*
Port Jervis city, Orange County628589**584**601*
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County230447**290**610**
Chester town, Orange County16253***143***18***
Cornwall town, Orange County260135***209***43***
Crawford town, Orange County84117***205***121***
Deerpark town, Orange County240281***315**81***
Goshen town, Orange County93127***167***236***
Greenville town, Orange County6094***27***11***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County6365***73***51***
Highlands town, Orange County128217***81***94***
Minisink town, Orange County730***69***220***
Monroe town, Orange County5,0928,0568,669220***
Montgomery town, Orange County585397***362**611*
Mount Hope town, Orange County105153***193***46***
New Windsor town, Orange County360368***250**351**
Newburgh town, Orange County216883**418**1,010**
Tuxedo town, Orange County134***5***139***
Wallkill town, Orange County748369**789**825**
Warwick town, Orange County354404***330***261**
Wawayanda town, Orange County3741***91***115***
Woodbury town, Orange County111140***500*155***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County6836***96***0***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County26109***30***24***
Florida village, Orange County5628***4***83***
Goshen village, Orange County929***87***139***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County6541***0***0***
Harriman village, Orange County110***96***39***
Highland Falls village, Orange County49165***33***94***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County4,7777,7777,5588,070
Maybrook village, Orange County7883***55***21***
Monroe village, Orange County94253***290**98***
Montgomery village, Orange County980***61***40***
Otisville village, Orange County3243***24***20***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County51***127***505**
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County44***5***2***
Unionville village, Orange County90***0***35***
Walden village, Orange County250299***176***487**
Warwick village, Orange County56122***35***46***
Washingtonville village, Orange County5270***66***33***
Woodbury village, Orange County140***470**155***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County124370**166***491***
Kent town, Putnam County179203***212**147***
Patterson town, Putnam County16854***240***120***
Philipstown town, Putnam County114103***72***93***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County188292***59***127***
Southeast town, Putnam County391282***207***244**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County62115***28***97***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County275***47***43***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County100***0***5***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County204238***140***172***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County77128***74***14***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County3282***68***19***
Delaware town, Sullivan County225111***36***168***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County8439691,358805*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County817***9***23***
Fremont town, Sullivan County789***0***17***
Highland town, Sullivan County119101***68***25***
Liberty town, Sullivan County459452**527**452**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County80194***71***33***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County298150***213**438**
Neversink town, Sullivan County142188***17***131***
Rockland town, Sullivan County227111***255***0***
Thompson town, Sullivan County1,2611,151*1,156*1,421*
Tusten town, Sullivan County2718***32***41***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County1116***30***201***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County09***7***14***
Liberty village, Sullivan County12799***300**318**
Monticello village, Sullivan County871610**671*913*
Woodridge village, Sullivan County9844***179**12***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County4342***53***0***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County1,2751,530*1,5181,264*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County1922***3***9***
Esopus town, Ulster County226123***75***162***
Gardiner town, Ulster County12018***115***0***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County10***10***0***
Hurley town, Ulster County11417***140***363***
Kingston town, Ulster County234***36***30***
Lloyd town, Ulster County198407***276***98***
Marbletown town, Ulster County10111***179***292***
Marlborough town, Ulster County224451**36***128***
New Paltz town, Ulster County190174***159**205***
Olive town, Ulster County51139***96***163***
Plattekill town, Ulster County354337***228***189***
Rochester town, Ulster County336285***118***327**
Rosendale town, Ulster County28248***28***78***
Saugerties town, Ulster County486516***517*254***
Shandaken town, Ulster County9245***48***37***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County208245***155***211***
Ulster town, Ulster County322291***419**545**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County717941*532*431**
Woodstock town, Ulster County15878***47***183***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County399499**285**308***
New Paltz village, Ulster County8266***44***33***
Saugerties village, Ulster County169217***64***14***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing