Student Performance on Grade 4 Math by Race/Ethnicity, 2019

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Student Performance on Grade 4 Math by Race/Ethnicity, 2019

What does this measure?

The percent of students tested who scored at level 3 or above--meeting or exceeding the state standard--on the New York State Grade 4 Math exam, broken down by students' race or ethnicity. The test is scored by placing a student's performance in one of four levels.

Why is this important?

Early development of mathematics concepts provides the basis for mastery of problem solving and computation skills.

How is the region performing?

Among racial and ethnic groups in the region, passing rates were lower among African American and Hispanic students (26% and 35%, respectively) than among Asian and white students (67% and 54%, respectively) in 2019. When compared to the state (excluding NYC), the average regional passing rates were somewhat lower for all students except for Hispanic students.

Among the larger school districts, passing rates were lower for African American (21%) and Hispanic (18%) students in Poughkeepsie. African Americans and Hispanic students had the higher outcomes in Cornwall in Orange County (75% and 73% respectively).

It should be noted that a substantial number of students did not take state exams in 2019 due to parent concerns about testing in schools. The large percentage of students not taking the exam may have an effect on overall achievement levels and should give caution when interpreting results. The opt out rate was 24% for the Region and 18% in Columbia, 22% in Dutchess, 14% in Greene, 25% in Orange, 32% in Putnam, 12% in Sullivan, and 27% in Ulster.

Why do these disparities exist?

There are a variety of factors believed to contribute to disparities in test scores and other measures of student achievement. School systems in the United States are highly segregated, and students of color disproportionately attend schools with high proportions of low-income students who may not have benefited from early learning opportunities at the same rate as other students. Schools also have different levels of resources ranging from qualified/experienced teachers to advanced courses to facilities and technology, and schools with large Black and Latino populations often have lower levels. In addition, teachers across all school systems tend to be disproportionately white, and teaching practices and curriculum may not be culturally relevant to students of color.

Notes about the data

Changes in the state's testing program over the last decade impact the comparability of test results year to year. In addition to the shift to Common Core Standards in 2013, the state in 2010 revised scoring of its tests, raising the threshold for passing. The Common Core was adopted in most states to better prepare students for success beyond high school by emphasizing problem solving, understanding and synthesis, comprehension of nonfiction text, and other higher-order thinking skills.

Test results for small racial groups were not disclosed to protect student privacy. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter.

Student Performance on Grade 4 Math by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County46%23%29%54%
Dutchess County29%32%54%
Greene County54%46%
Orange County70%28%39%58%
Putnam County70%35%41%66%
Sullivan County50%16%26%42%
Ulster County15%22%49%
NYS (excluding NYC)73%27%35%57%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central55%
Hudson City42%25%22%44%
Kinderhook Central61%
Taconic Hills Central45%43%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central34%37%62%
Beacon City70%45%37%70%
Dover Union Free39%38%
Hyde Park Central67%22%24%31%
Millbrook Central59%
Northeast Central43%
Pawling Central66%
Pine Plains Central20%46%
Poughkeepsie City21%18%
Red Hook Central36%56%
Rhinebeck Central33%58%
Spackenkill Union Free91%69%73%
Wappingers Central73%42%40%51%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central36%
Catskill Central79%73%
Coxsackie-Athens Central38%41%
Greenville Central20%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free33%14%59%
Cornwall Central50%75%73%83%
Florida Union Free38%76%
Goshen Central83%22%28%40%
Highland Falls Central0%19%47%
Middletown City82%35%36%58%
Minisink Valley Central24%49%
Monroe-Woodbury Central65%35%43%71%
Newburgh City23%41%59%
Pine Bush Central71%41%33%46%
Port Jervis City35%50%
Valley Central10%35%61%
Warwick Valley Central71%72%
Washingtonville Central24%33%41%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central33%53%
Carmel Central38%58%
Garrison Union Free91%
Haldane Central79%
Mahopac Central33%42%59%
Putnam Valley Central88%88%
Sullivan School Districts
Fallsburg Central17%15%42%
Liberty Central21%30%44%
Monticello Central9%25%34%
Sullivan West Central71%59%
Tri-Valley Central29%37%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central30%17%37%
Highland Central17%21%61%
Kingston City50%14%19%47%
Marlboro Central20%26%61%
New Paltz Central38%47%
Onteora Central11%37%
Rondout Valley Central18%44%
Saugerties Central21%51%
Wallkill Central13%43%49%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Number of Students Passing Grade 4 Math by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County6612155
Dutchess County88180734
Greene County15150
Orange County76132509895
Putnam County14787320
Sullivan County31056144
Ulster County1464386
NYS (excluding NYC)4,3203,1566,56431,292
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central18
Hudson City56423
Kinderhook Central44
Taconic Hills Central530
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central1135193
Beacon City7131949
Dover Union Free1318
Hyde Park Central461134
Millbrook Central23
Northeast Central10
Pawling Central37
Pine Plains Central219
Poughkeepsie City3222
Red Hook Central555
Rhinebeck Central235
Spackenkill Union Free101129
Wappingers Central222249224
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central23
Catskill Central1156
Coxsackie-Athens Central337
Greenville Central11
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free2313
Cornwall Central563593
Florida Union Free529
Goshen Central521246
Highland Falls Central0316
Middletown City94210536
Minisink Valley Central868
Monroe-Woodbury Central171259121
Newburgh City4219279
Pine Bush Central591592
Port Jervis City1252
Valley Central21978
Warwick Valley Central20122
Washingtonville Central62042
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central3051
Carmel Central2163
Garrison Union Free20
Haldane Central38
Mahopac Central31677
Putnam Valley Central1471
Sullivan School Districts
Fallsburg Central2710
Liberty Central31819
Monticello Central31928
Sullivan West Central541
Tri-Valley Central423
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central3915
Highland Central1338
Kingston City5621105
Marlboro Central3949
New Paltz Central326
Onteora Central119
Rondout Valley Central242
Saugerties Central456
Wallkill Central11236

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Student Performance on Grade 4 Math by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County32%7%21%30%
Dutchess County64%13%16%35%
Greene County71%0%11%30%
Orange County62%16%21%39%
Putnam County76%31%26%44%
Sullivan County67%8%16%28%
Ulster County46%11%12%30%
NYS (excluding NYC)62%15%21%42%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central34%
Germantown Central28%
Hudson City33%3%20%14%
Kinderhook Central25%28%
Taconic Hills Central33%35%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central64%23%17%35%
Beacon City17%19%35%
Dover Union Free11%15%
Hyde Park Central25%13%18%19%
Millbrook Central49%
Northeast Central43%
Pawling Central57%
Pine Plains Central27%
Poughkeepsie City8%11%13%
Red Hook Central27%42%
Rhinebeck Central38%
Spackenkill Union Free58%13%14%36%
Wappingers Central25%17%37%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central0%23%
Catskill Central0%24%
Coxsackie-Athens Central39%
Hunter-Tannersville Central12%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free10%18%38%
Cornwall Central19%39%46%
Florida Union Free40%57%
Goshen Central30%15%14%
Greenwood Lake Union Free42%
Highland Falls Central18%33%
Middletown City50%12%11%11%
Minisink Valley Central31%40%
Monroe-Woodbury Central74%31%50%
Newburgh City61%12%16%34%
Pine Bush Central57%27%28%31%
Port Jervis City14%24%20%
Valley Central67%26%29%49%
Warwick Valley Central17%32%54%
Washingtonville Central30%39%41%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central82%41%52%
Carmel Central19%41%
Haldane Central68%
Mahopac Central67%17%22%42%
Putnam Valley Central13%36%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central30%
Fallsburg Central18%28%
Liberty Central13%26%
Livingston Manor Central50%
Monticello Central7%4%15%
Sullivan West Central55%
Tri-Valley Central17%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central5%21%
Highland Central11%34%
Kingston City10%8%28%
Marlboro Central18%30%35%
New Paltz Central50%7%31%38%
Onteora Central8%40%
Rondout Valley Central7%14%
Saugerties Central10%29%
Wallkill Central13%15%34%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Number of Students Passing Grade 4 Math by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County737114
Dutchess County875176754
Greene County503113
Orange County881022401,017
Putnam County28554377
Sullivan County6524129
Ulster County161830371
NYS (excluding NYC)3,5612,1423,65834,779
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central27
Germantown Central13
Hudson City6128
Kinderhook Central221
Taconic Hills Central234
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central21913183
Beacon City71340
Dover Union Free212
Hyde Park Central24738
Millbrook Central37
Northeast Central17
Pawling Central47
Pine Plains Central16
Poughkeepsie City16115
Red Hook Central359
Rhinebeck Central29
Spackenkill Union Free111124
Wappingers Central1420247
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central017
Catskill Central020
Coxsackie-Athens Central39
Hunter-Tannersville Central3
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free1414
Cornwall Central31593
Florida Union Free620
Goshen Central3420
Greenwood Lake Union Free22
Highland Falls Central39
Middletown City7172913
Minisink Valley Central13104
Monroe-Woodbury Central3231181
Newburgh City14316268
Pine Bush Central492290
Port Jervis City3728
Valley Central4917117
Warwick Valley Central27126
Washingtonville Central618102
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central92487
Carmel Central1399
Haldane Central32
Mahopac Central8112118
Putnam Valley Central334
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central11
Fallsburg Central715
Liberty Central515
Livingston Manor Central18
Monticello Central3218
Sullivan West Central29
Tri-Valley Central14
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central213
Highland Central234
Kingston City8683
Marlboro Central2733
New Paltz Central31457
Onteora Central136
Rondout Valley Central119
Saugerties Central247
Wallkill Central3549

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Decreasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing