Health
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2020

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Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2020

What does this measure?

The proportion of births in which mothers began receiving prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy (before 13 weeks gestation), broken down by mother's race or ethnicity.

Why is this important?

Early, high-quality prenatal care is critical to reducing risks for complications of pregnancy or birth and improving birth outcomes.

How is the region performing?

Early prenatal care tended to be somewhat lower among African American and Hispanic mothers than among White mothers throughout the region. In 2020, the share of White mothers receiving prenatal care ranged from 67% in Sullivan to 89% in Dutchess and Putnam. African American mothers had somewhat lower rates: from 51% in Sullivan to 83% in Putnam. Rates for Hispanic mothers, ranged from 61% in Orange to 74% in Dutchess. Dutchess and Putnam surpassed statewide (excluding NYC) rates for all racial and ethnic categories, while all other counties were generally lower than the state.

Why do these disparities exist?

Researchers have uncovered a number of factors contributing to generally lower rates of early prenatal care among mothers of color. These include: socioeconomic characteristics like education and family income; maternal health and characteristics of pregnancies (such as maternal age and number of previous pregnancies); types of insurance coverage - whether women are covered by Medicaid, private insurance, or have no coverage; and the location of prenatal care facilities - in physicians' offices and public health clinics. One study found socioeconomic differences was responsible for roughly half the gap -- pregnant women with lower incomes and lower levels of formal education often do not have the resources necessary to obtain care early and often - but that public programs such as the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children increased access to care.

Notes about the data

Rates for the seven-county region could not be derived. Rates exclude the number of live births for which the date of entry into prenatal care is unknown. In addition to when prenatal care began, it is also important to consider the quality and continuity of care received throughout the pregnancy.

Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2020
Black or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
Columbia67%67%72%
Dutchess78%74%89%
Greene77%63%71%
Orange63%61%76%
Putnam83%73%89%
Sullivan51%62%67%
Ulster65%64%77%
NYS (excluding NYC)69%72%82%

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: Percent of live births for which mothers received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester of pregnancy.








Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2006
Black or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
Columbia63%55%80%
Dutchess74%80%86%
Greene40%52%84%
Orange66%64%71%
Putnam87%73%86%
Sullivan58%56%62%
Ulster59%67%80%
NYS (excluding NYC)62%61%79%

Source: New York State Department of Health
Notes: Percent of live births for which mothers received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester of pregnancy.








INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing


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