Education
Students Receiving Special Education Services

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Students Receiving Special Education Services

What does this measure?

Percent of school-aged residents (4-21) classified with disabilities and receiving special education services.

Why is this important?

Students receiving special education services can be at greater risk for poor school performance, including lower test scores and a higher chance of dropping out. The proportion of students in special education can significantly impact a school district's budget, and it can be an indicator of the effectiveness of earlier intervention programs aimed at addressing problems in early years and preventing students from being classified with disabilities.

How is the region performing?

In 2021, 10% of school-aged residents in the region were classified as having disabilities, on par with the state (excluding NYC) proportion. This has increased slightly since 2013. All counties in the region consistently had rates in the range of 8% to 13% throughout the decade, slightly higher than the state. Ulster County had the highest rate in 2021, followed by Dutchess, Greene, and Putnam at 10%. Columbia, Orange and Sullivan had the lowest rate at 9%.

School districts with high rates of students receiving special education services (14% or more) included Cairo-Durham in Greene County; Port Jervis City in Orange County; Ellenville and Kingston, in Ulster County. The lowest rate was in Kiryas Joel Village Union Free School in Orange County, at 3%.

Notes about the data

Varying school district practices on classifying students as disabled can impact the numbers. Also, school districts known for effective special education programs may attract more students with disabilities.

Students Receiving Special Education Services
20082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Region9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%11%10%
Columbia10%10%10%10%10%9%10%10%11%11%11%11%11%9%
Dutchess9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%11%10%
Greene9%9%9%9%10%10%10%11%11%11%11%9%11%10%
Orange9%9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%9%
Putnam10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%10%
Sullivan8%8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%10%10%10%10%9%
Ulster10%10%10%11%11%11%12%12%12%13%13%13%13%12%
NYS (excluding NYC)9%9%9%8%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central school district, Columbia County7%8%8%8%8%8%8%10%11%12%12%12%12%9%
Germantown Central school district, Columbia County12%12%10%10%10%11%10%10%11%10%11%12%12%11%
Hudson City school district, Columbia County12%13%14%13%12%12%13%13%13%13%13%14%13%12%
Kinderhook Central school district, Columbia County11%11%11%12%11%11%11%12%12%12%12%11%11%10%
New Lebanon Central school district, Columbia County8%8%9%9%8%6%6%7%7%7%10%9%9%10%
Taconic Hills Central school district, Columbia County9%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%10%10%10%9%8%7%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%10%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%11%11%10%
Beacon City school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%10%12%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%12%12%
Dover Union Free school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%9%9%10%10%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%
Hyde Park Central school district, Dutchess County8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%8%7%7%8%8%7%
Millbrook Central school district, Dutchess County13%13%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%12%12%12%12%10%
Northeast Central school district, Dutchess County8%8%8%7%7%8%8%9%9%9%10%9%9%9%
Pawling Central school district, Dutchess County12%11%10%9%9%9%9%9%8%7%7%7%8%7%
Pine Plains Central school district, Dutchess County10%8%9%8%8%8%9%8%9%10%10%10%10%9%
Poughkeepsie City school district, Dutchess County11%11%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%12%12%
Red Hook Central school district, Dutchess County6%6%6%5%5%6%6%6%7%7%8%7%7%6%
Rhinebeck Central school district, Dutchess County6%8%8%8%8%7%7%8%8%8%9%8%8%8%
Spackenkill Union Free school district, Dutchess County9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%11%11%11%12%11%11%
Wappingers Central school district, Dutchess County9%10%10%10%11%11%11%12%11%11%11%11%12%11%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central school district, Greene County11%11%10%10%10%11%12%12%14%16%15%15%15%14%
Catskill Central school district, Greene County10%10%11%12%12%12%13%15%14%13%13%12%12%11%
Coxsackie-Athens Central school district, Greene County4%4%4%4%4%5%5%6%6%6%6%0%6%6%
Greenville Central school district, Greene County11%12%12%12%13%13%13%12%13%12%12%12%13%11%
Hunter-Tannersville Central school district, Greene County9%11%10%10%9%10%11%11%11%11%12%13%12%12%
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central school district, Greene County14%14%14%13%13%12%8%7%7%9%9%10%11%11%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free school district, Orange County9%10%10%9%9%9%11%12%14%15%15%14%15%13%
Cornwall Central school district, Orange County8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%9%9%9%9%8%
Florida Union Free school district, Orange County7%7%7%7%7%7%7%7%7%8%9%10%10%9%
Goshen Central school district, Orange County9%8%8%8%9%9%9%11%11%11%12%11%11%10%
Greenwood Lake Union Free school district, Orange County7%7%8%7%6%7%7%6%6%7%6%5%6%5%
Highland Falls Central school district, Orange County3%3%2%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%4%4%4%
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free school district, Orange County2%2%2%2%2%2%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%3%
Middletown City school district, Orange County8%8%9%9%9%9%10%11%12%12%12%12%13%11%
Minisink Valley Central school district, Orange County11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%11%10%10%9%
Monroe-Woodbury Central school district, Orange County11%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%12%12%12%12%11%
Newburgh City school district, Orange County10%10%10%9%9%9%10%11%11%12%11%11%11%10%
Pine Bush Central school district, Orange County11%11%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%11%11%11%9%
Port Jervis City school district, Orange County10%11%11%11%12%12%13%13%14%14%14%14%15%14%
Tuxedo Union Free school district, Orange County20%20%22%24%23%20%20%20%12%11%10%11%10%8%
Valley Central school district, Orange County10%11%11%11%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%12%12%11%
Warwick Valley Central school district, Orange County10%11%11%10%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%11%10%9%
Washingtonville Central school district, Orange County8%7%8%8%8%8%8%8%9%9%9%9%9%8%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central school district, Putnam County10%10%10%9%9%9%9%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%
Carmel Central school district, Putnam County10%10%11%10%10%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%
Garrison Union Free school district, Putnam County5%4%4%4%3%2%4%6%6%6%7%8%8%8%
Haldane Central school district, Putnam County7%7%8%8%10%11%11%11%10%10%11%11%11%11%
Mahopac Central school district, Putnam County13%13%12%12%12%11%12%12%12%12%12%12%12%12%
Putnam Valley Central school district, Putnam County8%9%9%9%8%9%10%10%10%10%11%11%10%10%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central school district, Sullivan County9%7%6%5%5%6%6%6%6%6%5%7%6%6%
Fallsburg Central school district, Sullivan County8%8%8%9%9%10%11%10%11%10%10%10%10%9%
Liberty Central school district, Sullivan County11%10%9%9%9%9%8%9%10%11%11%11%11%10%
Livingston Manor Central school district, Sullivan County12%11%12%11%12%13%14%13%12%14%14%12%13%11%
Monticello Central school district, Sullivan County11%10%10%10%9%10%10%11%12%13%14%15%15%13%
Sullivan West Central school district, Sullivan County7%6%6%5%5%6%5%5%5%6%7%8%7%6%
Tri-Valley Central school district, Sullivan County8%9%8%8%8%9%10%11%11%12%11%11%12%10%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central school district, Ulster County9%9%10%11%12%13%14%14%15%15%15%16%16%15%
Highland Central school district, Ulster County9%9%9%9%9%10%9%9%10%11%10%10%10%10%
Kingston City school district, Ulster County13%13%13%13%14%14%15%16%16%17%17%17%16%15%
Marlboro Central school district, Ulster County11%11%11%11%12%11%12%12%12%13%13%14%15%13%
New Paltz Central school district, Ulster County5%5%5%5%5%5%6%6%6%7%6%7%7%6%
Onteora Central school district, Ulster County12%13%12%11%11%11%12%11%11%12%12%12%12%11%
Rondout Valley Central school district, Ulster County12%12%13%13%12%12%12%12%12%13%13%13%13%12%
Saugerties Central school district, Ulster County10%10%11%12%13%13%13%13%13%14%14%15%14%12%
Wallkill Central school district, Ulster County9%9%9%9%9%9%9%9%10%10%10%10%10%9%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect percentage of residents 4-21 receiving services.




Number of Students Receiving Special Education Services
20082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
Region26,74926,43226,33526,06625,67625,60725,91726,28026,54726,95026,94126,89527,12226,790
Columbia1,3211,3111,2931,2711,2001,1591,1681,1921,1881,1781,1611,1111,0591,006
Dutchess7,0107,0086,9586,8756,7076,5926,5456,6116,5316,4586,4466,5746,6246,584
Greene1,0059901,0079849839919819841,001998970783951923
Orange9,1099,0199,0259,0128,9339,0449,3599,6129,87310,18610,27210,26510,33410,282
Putnam2,4972,4632,4332,3612,2982,1942,2202,1982,1802,1432,0992,1122,1482,148
Sullivan1,5331,4211,3831,3591,3131,3661,3531,3721,4401,5221,6111,6431,6341,624
Ulster4,2744,2204,2364,2044,2424,2614,2914,3114,3344,4654,3824,4074,3724,223
NYS (excluding NYC)249,905246,862245,424225,909236,316231,030236,789239,347242,639245,420246,994251,002253,586249,503
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central school district, Columbia County148159156154158146149172180193192191176150
Germantown Central school district, Columbia County116115959088928479848080898384
Hudson City school district, Columbia County410422432385366345362365352343332333317309
Kinderhook Central school district, Columbia County344337328356319315306311312299293263256249
New Lebanon Central school district, Columbia County7064747665494551465163565965
Taconic Hills Central school district, Columbia County233214208210204212222214214212201179168149
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central school district, Dutchess County1,4681,4861,5081,5031,3591,3371,3451,3381,3291,3831,4071,4231,4341,425
Beacon City school district, Dutchess County476462492494584585565548539566581568536532
Dover Union Free school district, Dutchess County214217210206207223214203195206201210203202
Hyde Park Central school district, Dutchess County718726717732688661674652608577564606616595
Millbrook Central school district, Dutchess County257253226220225216216224219208204194189178
Northeast Central school district, Dutchess County142149141127126128136140141139145137131137
Pawling Central school district, Dutchess County289256236213209192185190173145139132146143
Pine Plains Central school district, Dutchess County180159158147146147146138152164159160158148
Poughkeepsie City school district, Dutchess County992989891826782727710767779786782849885928
Red Hook Central school district, Dutchess County258261248239229235253247256261286273249231
Rhinebeck Central school district, Dutchess County109137138135134120109121129124130118120117
Spackenkill Union Free school district, Dutchess County213196208198182179177194220218212216209207
Wappingers Central school district, Dutchess County1,6941,7171,7851,8351,8361,8421,8151,8491,7911,6811,6361,6881,7481,741
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central school district, Greene County231224210190189200215201234260239236242233
Catskill Central school district, Greene County270264282297297288299323306269264248235232
Coxsackie-Athens Central school district, Greene County1391211381291341531471591651721710168163
Greenville Central school district, Greene County212219228221231217213197197189185178184168
Hunter-Tannersville Central school district, Greene County6876697061676768646669736970
Windham-Ashland-Jewett Central school district, Greene County8586807771664036354242485357
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free school district, Orange County141145144139138135161173199227215213221214
Cornwall Central school district, Orange County379385381382360378392421418402397392412408
Florida Union Free school district, Orange County899191918990898086102111120123119
Goshen Central school district, Orange County391362366378386394414461478475497490484471
Greenwood Lake Union Free school district, Orange County9483958382888377768178687871
Highland Falls Central school district, Orange County139144136144144156141137155167183199212209
Kiryas Joel Village Union Free school district, Orange County168163186209230234279276270308306316321311
Middletown City school district, Orange County8718609249579119461,0431,1091,1691,2401,2591,2501,2951,290
Minisink Valley Central school district, Orange County669671651647644653661656659633624612594576
Monroe-Woodbury Central school district, Orange County1,1331,0651,0251,0731,0391,0059901,0431,1071,1791,2081,2001,1931,207
Newburgh City school district, Orange County1,7591,7361,6671,6241,5731,6451,7611,8261,8871,9771,9211,8621,8821,886
Pine Bush Central school district, Orange County942907883858854807798787798813891891876850
Port Jervis City school district, Orange County415442443456487511530541570552554580606623
Tuxedo Union Free school district, Orange County106109116131124109104106645853565149
Valley Central school district, Orange County732746762775821837852853853872858843840851
Warwick Valley Central school district, Orange County602634631577564531532534553564578616580594
Washingtonville Central school district, Orange County479476524488487525529532531536539557566553
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central school district, Putnam County513517510477464461436462461418391414446440
Carmel Central school district, Putnam County715732734711682620617591597615616612621640
Garrison Union Free school district, Putnam County2623232318122027262931363734
Haldane Central school district, Putnam County90879598115126127123109108115105112108
Mahopac Central school district, Putnam County937879842827805750777763756746710709711704
Putnam Valley Central school district, Putnam County216225229225214225243232231227236236221222
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central school district, Sullivan County9881685653656163625654686168
Fallsburg Central school district, Sullivan County196199210213215240255235242219226233227233
Liberty Central school district, Sullivan County248223207210211191178189212229237225228241
Livingston Manor Central school district, Sullivan County8984907988959987839292818484
Monticello Central school district, Sullivan County586532525519473487468497550614673691690670
Sullivan West Central school district, Sullivan County158140129121115122116113105118147155150139
Tri-Valley Central school district, Sullivan County126130120124122132141147148156152153156150
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central school district, Ulster County234241267277299305329316331329336334333340
Highland Central school district, Ulster County252248259253243265242236259268249245247246
Kingston City school district, Ulster County1,3791,3891,3701,3571,3891,4201,4601,5001,5061,5281,5091,5161,4541,413
Marlboro Central school district, Ulster County350327325307331315318312323338340349370344
New Paltz Central school district, Ulster County331328320316318332360373354375357367374361
Onteora Central school district, Ulster County338339307283279274277263260267268257270257
Rondout Valley Central school district, Ulster County449439448436411390374374370392381391382371
Saugerties Central school district, Ulster County465464494528531532515529516543536544519485
Wallkill Central school district, Ulster County476445446447441428416408415425406404423406

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures reflect number of residents 4-21 receiving services.




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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