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Healthy communities are built on a foundation of healthy children, youth and adults. In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.
The rate of individuals without health insurance fell between 2008 and 2018.
The percentage of residents under the age of 65 without health insurance in the region fell from 13% in 2008 to 5% in 2018. This puts the region on par with the statewide rate yet below the national rate (10%). Columbia, Green, Ulster and Sullivan counties were on the higher end of rates of uninsured residents (6%), while Putnam had the lowest rate, at 4%.
Early prenatal care rates varied among racial and ethnic groups throughout the region, similar to statewide trends.
In 2017, the share of white mothers receiving early prenatal care ranged from 89% in Putnam County to 69% in Sullivan County. African American mothers had the lowest rates, ranging from 50% in Greene County to 88% in Putnam County. Rates were somewhat higher among Hispanic mothers, ranging from 85% in Putnam County to 57% in Columbia County. Dutchess and Putnam counties were the only counties to surpass statewide rates for each racial and ethnic category.
The rate of low birth weight babies increased since 2000, similar to statewide trends.
In 2017, 6.9% of babies born in the region had low birth weights, below the state and national rates of 7.7% and 8.3%, but up from 6.5% in 2000. Orange County had the lowest rate in 2017 (6.2%), while Dutchess County had the highest rate at 8.1%.
Deaths from drug poisoning have increased in the region similar to statewide and national trends.
There were 27 drug poisoning deaths per 100,000 residents in the Mid-Hudson Valley region in 2018, an increase of over 500% since 2000. That put the region above the state and national rates of 19 and 21 respectively. Sullivan County had the highest rate of drug poisoning deaths in the region at 33, followed by Ulster (29). Columbia and Putnam counties had the lowest rates (17 and 20 respectively).
The rate of people living with HIV has decreased since 2002 in the Mid-Hudson Valley region. In 2018, there were 98 people per 100,000 residents with HIV, similar to the state rate of 93. The rate has decreased by 3% in the region since 2002, in contrast to an increase in the state (20%). Columbia County had a rate of 146 per 100,000 residents with HIV followed by Greene County (135). Putnam County had the lowest rate in 2018 at 53 people per 100,000 residents with HIV.
The region’s rate of mental health clinic visits declined since 2001. There were 5.8 mental health clinic visits per 1,000 residents in the region in 2019, compared to 6.0 in 2001. Orange had the lowest rate (4.8), followed by Putnam (4.9), and Greene County (8.5) had the highest rate. Dutchess County had the largest decline (30%), compared to a 4% decrease region-wide.
|INDICATORS||TREND | STATE|
|Children Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect||Increasing|
|Rate of Foster Care Admissions||Maintaining|
|Live Births to Teen Mothers||Decreasing|
|Juvenile Delinquency Intakes||Decreasing|
|Bullying at School||Decreasing|
|Average Charitable Giving||Increasing|
|Voter Registration Rate||Increasing|
|Voter Participation Rate||Decreasing|
|Population by Age||Not Applicable|
|Population by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Household Types||Not Applicable|
|Change in Total Jobs||Increasing|
|Employment by Sector||Not Applicable|
|Spending for County Government||Increasing|
|Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services||Increasing|
|Students Receiving Special Education Services||Increasing|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group||Not Applicable|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group||Not Applicable|
|Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|High School Cohort Graduation Rate||Increasing|
|High School Cohort Dropout Rate||Decreasing|
|High School GED Rate||Decreasing|
|Plans of High School Graduates||Not Applicable|
|Education Levels of Adults||Not Applicable|
|Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Median Household Income||Decreasing|
|Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|People Living in Poverty||Increasing|
|People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Seniors Living in Poverty||Maintaining|
|Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care||Maintaining|
|Veterans Living in Poverty||Decreasing|
|Economically Disadvantaged Students||Increasing|
|Earned Income Tax Credit Participation||Decreasing|
|Living Wage Rate by Household Type||Not Applicable|
|Income in Relation to Poverty Level||Not Applicable|
|People Without Health Insurance||Decreasing|
|Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity||Not Applicable|
|Deaths from Drug Overdoses||Increasing|
|Babies with Low Birth Weights||Maintaining|
|People Living wth HIV||Decreasing|
|Mental Health Clinic Visits||Decreasing|
|Housing Affordability for Homeowners||Maintaining|
|Housing Affordability for Renters||Not Applicable|