Children and Youth






The challenges facing our community’s children can diminish their chances for successful adult lives. In this section we review several indicators that describe family supports and risk exposure of our youngest residents.

In all cases, comparisons to New York state statistics reflect the entire state excluding New York City.

There are more children living in poverty than in 2000, similar to state and national trends. In 2013-17, about 16% of children in the region were living in poverty, up 3 points since 2000 and lower than the national rate (20%).  Dutchess County continued to have the lowest rate of child poverty in the region (12%), while Sullivan County had the highest percentage of children living in poverty (23%). Poverty was highest among African American (29%) and Hispanic (22%) children in the Mid-Hudson Valley region in 2013-17. White children (14%) were less likely to be living in poverty, though there was a 4 point increase since 2000.

There are more single–parent families in the region, though still below the state and nation. The proportion of single–parent families in the region increased 4 percentage points from 2000, similar to state and national trends. In 2013–17, slightly more than one–quarter (28%) of families in the region were headed by single parents, below the rates for the state (excluding NYC) (32%) and nation (34%). Ulster, Sullivan and Columbia counties had the highest proportion of single–parent families (36%), while Putnam had the lowest (17%). Over half (59%) of African American families in the region were headed by single parents, the highest of any racial or ethnic group. This was below the rates for African American families throughout the state (excluding NYC) (64%) and nation (66%).  In the region, 37% of Hispanic families and 30% of white families were headed by single parents.

Rates of child abuse and neglect have fluctuated but not changed substantially since 2000. In 2017, there were 14 abused children for every 1,000 children in the region, up 4% from 2000 and below the statewide rate of 17. Rates were lowest in Orange (9 per 1,000) and Putnam (7 per 1,000) counties.

Foster care admissions are decreasing, though the regional rate is higher than the state’s. The rate of children admitted to foster care declined to 2.1 children per 1,000 in 2018 from 2.8 in 2000. However, beginning in 2010, rates in the region exceeded statewide rates. Admissions were greatest in Sullivan County, with 4.5 children per 1,000 admitted to foster care, followed by Greene and Ulster (3.3 and 3.2 respectively).

The region has seen a decline in the teen pregnancy rate, which is similar to the state. In 2017, the number of pregnancies among females 15-19 was 2.1%, 3 percentage points lower than in 2000. Teen pregnancy was highest in Sullivan County at 3.1%, followed by Orange at 2.7% and lowest in Putnam (0.6%) and Greene (0.8%) counties.

Live births to teen mothers have also declined since 2000. In 2017, there were 11 live births per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19 in the region, below the state and nation (12 and 19 respectively). This makes for a 58% decrease since 2000. Sullivan County had the highest rate in the region, with 16 births per 1,000 teen females, followed by Orange (15 births per 1,000).

Juvenile delinquency intakes are down drastically since 2000, and the regional rate is lower than the state’s. In 2018, the region had a rate of 27 juvenile delinquency intakes for every 10,000 juveniles, a decrease of 74% since 2000 and lower than the statewide rate (39). Dutchess County had the lowest rate of juvenile delinquency intakes at 15 per 10,000 juveniles, followed by Putnam (19) and Orange (23), while Greene County had the highest rate at 72. 

Reported bullying incidents have declined in the region since 2004,  but the rate is higher than statewide rates. In 2018, there were 9.3 bullying incidents per 1,000 students in the region, higher than the statewide rate (8.1). Rates have decreased for all counties except Orange in the region. Greene had the highest rate in the region at 16 in 2018.





INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Decreasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Household Types Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Maintaining
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Increasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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