Children And Youth
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22

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Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22

What does this measure?

The estimated number of children under 18 living below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18 and reported by various racial and ethnic groups. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2022, the threshold for a four-person family was $29,678.

Why is this important?

Children raised in impoverished environments are at higher risk for a wide variety of health and social problems, including poor performance in school. The challenges they face in childhood can diminish their chances for successful adult lives.

How is the region performing?

In 2018-22, poverty was highest among African American (21%) and Hispanic (17%) children in the Mid-Hudson Valley region. The rate was lower for white children (14%). The rate for white children increased 1 percentage point since 2008-12. Since 2008-12, the rate has decreased by 4% for African American children and 2% for Hispanic children in the region. There were similar racial and ethnic disparities in New York State (excluding New York City) and the nation, but the region's poverty rate for African American and Hispanic children was lower than both the state and the nation, while the region's poverty rate for white children was slightly higher than both.

Among individual counties in the region, Ulster had among the higher poverty rates for Hispanic children (29%), while Sullivan had a relatively high rate for white children (20%). Reliable data for the cities, towns and villages in the region was sparse in 2018-22. Child populations for most local areas, when broken down by race and ethnicity, were too small to yield reliable survey results.

Why do these disparities exist?

As people of color have historically and contemporaneously been locked out of economic opportunity in many ways, poverty crosses generations, and child poverty rates are higher. Factors include: living in a single-parent household, especially if the single parent is female; having parent(s) who are unemployed, employed and/or underemployed in low-wage jobs or incarcerated; and living in communities that have experienced disinvestment and have ineffective and/or under-resourced schools.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)13%27%19%11%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County38%***62%***0%***30%***
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0%***N/A***0%***14%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Canaan town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***12%***
Chatham town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***9%***
Claverack town, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***0%***24%***
Clermont town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***3%***
Copake town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Gallatin town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***9%***
Germantown town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Ghent town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***13%***
Greenport town, Columbia County25%***N/A***38%***30%***
Hillsdale town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***33%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***8%***3%***
Livingston town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***46%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***17%***
Stockport town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***16%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***20%***10%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***2%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***7%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***5%***
Philmont village, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***0%***34%***
Valatie village, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***29%***0%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess CountyN/A***29%***21%***0%***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County0%***39%**21%***1%***
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County0%***N/A***50%***34%***
Beekman town, Dutchess County92%***16%***3%***6%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***2%***
Dover town, Dutchess County0%***0%***25%***15%***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County0%***1%***10%***4%***
Fishkill town, Dutchess County6%***0%***0%***4%***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County0%***7%***51%***10%***
La Grange town, Dutchess County0%***0%***18%***1%***
Milan town, Dutchess CountyN/A***100%***25%***31%***
North East town, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***8%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0%***9%***23%***3%***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess CountyN/A***100%***0%***9%***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***3%***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County11%***4%***8%***2%***
Red Hook town, Dutchess CountyN/A***0%***10%***4%***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess CountyN/A***0%***0%***3%***
Stanford town, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***15%***11%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***9%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County8%***9%***6%***5%***
Washington town, Dutchess County0%***N/A***35%***9%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***0%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0%***N/A***100%***4%***
Millerton village, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***0%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0%***43%***47%***8%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***0%***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***100%***4%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***0%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***4%***
Athens town, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***0%***
Cairo town, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***6%***
Catskill town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***9%***21%***
Coxsackie town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***8%***
Durham town, Greene CountyN/A***100%***0%***14%***
Greenville town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***3%***
Halcott town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***68%***
Hunter town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***52%***16%***
Jewett town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***14%***
Lexington town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***46%***
New Baltimore town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
Prattsville town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***18%***
Windham town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***0%***
Catskill village, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
Coxsackie village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***7%***
Hunter village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***0%***
Tannersville village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***25%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County6%***13%***29%*23%**
Newburgh city, Orange County0%***35%**32%*31%***
Port Jervis city, Orange County100%***45%***26%***21%**
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County0%***20%***12%***23%*
Chester town, Orange County0%***0%***0%***3%***
Cornwall town, Orange County69%***0%***1%***1%***
Crawford town, Orange CountyN/A***13%***4%***4%***
Deerpark town, Orange County0%***0%***26%***4%***
Goshen town, Orange County0%***0%***6%***3%***
Greenville town, Orange County0%***N/A***0%***1%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***14%***
Highlands town, Orange County0%***0%***8%***2%***
Minisink town, Orange CountyN/A***0%***8%***30%**
Monroe town, Orange County0%***0%***7%***13%**
Montgomery town, Orange County0%***49%***25%***1%***
Mount Hope town, Orange County4%***39%***9%***6%***
New Windsor town, Orange County0%***3%***6%***9%***
Newburgh town, Orange County76%***6%***6%***13%***
Tuxedo town, Orange County3%***0%***27%***0%***
Wallkill town, Orange County17%***24%***23%***10%***
Warwick town, Orange County0%***22%***17%***4%***
Wawayanda town, Orange County0%***0%***7%***6%***
Woodbury town, Orange County0%***42%***7%***7%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0%***N/A***0%***0%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***6%***1%***
Florida village, Orange County0%***73%***0%***4%***
Goshen village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***2%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0%***N/A***100%***0%***
Harriman village, Orange County0%***22%***0%***8%***
Highland Falls village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***24%***8%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange CountyN/A***N/A***11%***46%
Maybrook village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
Monroe village, Orange County0%***0%***13%***8%***
Montgomery village, Orange CountyN/A***61%***48%***3%***
Otisville village, Orange County4%***100%***21%***15%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange CountyN/A***38%***76%***60%*
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County100%***N/A***0%***0%***
Unionville village, Orange CountyN/A***N/A***69%***48%***
Walden village, Orange County0%***40%***24%***2%***
Warwick village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***5%***
Washingtonville village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***8%***2%***
Woodbury village, Orange County0%***34%***7%***7%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County0%***29%***8%***4%***
Kent town, Putnam County0%***0%***12%***6%***
Patterson town, Putnam County16%***0%***0%***6%***
Philipstown town, Putnam County0%***4%***4%***6%***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County64%***0%***0%***4%***
Southeast town, Putnam County28%***13%***12%***2%***
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam CountyN/A***41%***36%***11%***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County0%***100%***0%***13%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam CountyN/A***N/A***0%***10%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***31%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***2%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Delaware town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***50%***47%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County0%***42%**23%***18%**
Forestburgh town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***100%***17%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0%***100%***47%***18%***
Highland town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Liberty town, Sullivan CountyN/A***58%***17%***15%***
Lumberland town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***4%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County100%***0%***0%***22%*
Neversink town, Sullivan CountyN/A***19%***25%***13%***
Rockland town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***6%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County0%***61%***41%***33%**
Tusten town, Sullivan County0%***0%***5%***14%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***72%**
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***23%***
Liberty village, Sullivan CountyN/A***51%***7%***20%***
Monticello village, Sullivan County0%***61%***50%***30%***
Woodridge village, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***6%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***0%***11%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County0%***25%***50%**16%*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***0%***11%***
Esopus town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***45%***32%***
Gardiner town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***0%***4%***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Hurley town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***36%***15%***
Kingston town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***7%***28%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0%***0%***27%***11%***
Marbletown town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***42%***
Marlborough town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***7%***9%***
New Paltz town, Ulster CountyN/A***69%***24%***12%***
Olive town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***100%***34%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0%***71%***3%***5%***
Rochester town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***17%***
Rosendale town, Ulster County0%***35%***56%***5%***
Saugerties town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***39%***2%***
Shandaken town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***16%***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County0%***0%***0%***5%***
Ulster town, Ulster County22%***0%***13%***23%***
Wawarsing town, Ulster County0%***0%***29%***15%***
Woodstock town, Ulster County76%***0%***76%***0%***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***35%***8%***
New Paltz village, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***31%***10%***
Saugerties village, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***0%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Number of Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-22
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)15,18162,44077,357177,173
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County57***71***0***175***
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0***0***0***20***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0***0***0***0***
Canaan town, Columbia County0***0***0***21***
Chatham town, Columbia County0***0***0***62***
Claverack town, Columbia County0***0***0***163***
Clermont town, Columbia County0***0***0***10***
Copake town, Columbia County0***0***0***0***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0***0***0***23***
Germantown town, Columbia County0***0***0***0***
Ghent town, Columbia County0***0***0***87***
Greenport town, Columbia County45***0***20***95***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County0***0***0***68***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County0***0***22***40***
Livingston town, Columbia County0***0***0***108***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County0***0***0***42***
Stockport town, Columbia County0***0***0***76***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County0***0***16***44***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County0***0***0***3***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County0***0***0***15***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0***0***0***10***
Philmont village, Columbia County0***0***0***69***
Valatie village, Columbia County0***0***22***0***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County0***134***161***0***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County0***978**423***16***
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County0***0***169***199***
Beekman town, Dutchess County60***80***12***127***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0***0***0***12***
Dover town, Dutchess County0***0***75***117***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County0***1***151***184***
Fishkill town, Dutchess County10***0***0***93***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County0***21***175***213***
La Grange town, Dutchess County0***0***132***29***
Milan town, Dutchess County0***30***8***90***
North East town, Dutchess County0***0***0***27***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0***12***63***36***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County0***8***0***18***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County0***0***0***35***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County61***26***110***118***
Red Hook town, Dutchess County0***0***7***57***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County0***0***0***20***
Stanford town, Dutchess County0***0***25***45***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0***0***0***70***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County31***37***83***135***
Washington town, Dutchess County0***0***47***47***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0***0***0***0***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0***0***4***4***
Millerton village, Dutchess County0***0***0***0***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0***12***60***18***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County0***0***0***0***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County0***0***0***0***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County0***0***7***7***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County0***0***0***0***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0***0***0***2***
Athens town, Greene County0***0***0***0***
Cairo town, Greene County0***0***0***61***
Catskill town, Greene County0***0***29***228***
Coxsackie town, Greene County0***0***0***78***
Durham town, Greene County0***107***0***43***
Greenville town, Greene County0***0***0***17***
Halcott town, Greene County0***0***0***19***
Hunter town, Greene County0***0***17***89***
Jewett town, Greene County0***0***0***7***
Lexington town, Greene County0***0***0***22***
New Baltimore town, Greene County0***0***0***0***
Prattsville town, Greene County0***0***0***15***
Windham town, Greene County0***0***0***0***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0***0***0***0***
Catskill village, Greene County0***0***0***0***
Coxsackie village, Greene County0***0***0***32***
Hunter village, Greene County0***0***0***0***
Tannersville village, Greene County0***0***0***46***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County10***286***1,223*431**
Newburgh city, Orange County0***671**1,340*523***
Port Jervis city, Orange County162***80***152***214**
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County0***33***155***988*
Chester town, Orange County0***0***0***41***
Cornwall town, Orange County50***0***4***30***
Crawford town, Orange County0***30***16***57***
Deerpark town, Orange County0***0***37***30***
Goshen town, Orange County0***0***55***61***
Greenville town, Orange County0***0***0***9***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County0***0***0***137***
Highlands town, Orange County0***0***61***37***
Minisink town, Orange County0***0***18***311**
Monroe town, Orange County0***0***142***363**
Montgomery town, Orange County0***287***415***32***
Mount Hope town, Orange County3***18***27***43***
New Windsor town, Orange County0***30***118***240***
Newburgh town, Orange County41***56***106***411***
Tuxedo town, Orange County1***0***60***0***
Wallkill town, Orange County57***320***499***248***
Warwick town, Orange County0***44***227***188***
Wawayanda town, Orange County0***0***21***65***
Woodbury town, Orange County0***104***81***81***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0***0***4***4***
Florida village, Orange County0***44***0***14***
Goshen village, Orange County0***0***0***15***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0***0***164***0***
Harriman village, Orange County0***51***0***37***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0***0***61***16***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0***0***45***8,839
Maybrook village, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Monroe village, Orange County0***0***107***92***
Montgomery village, Orange County0***235***235***9***
Otisville village, Orange County3***18***27***37***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County0***15***52***915*
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County1***0***0***0***
Unionville village, Orange County0***0***18***74***
Walden village, Orange County0***42***158***9***
Warwick village, Orange County0***0***0***50***
Washingtonville village, Orange County0***0***28***16***
Woodbury village, Orange County0***53***81***81***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County0***40***97***224***
Kent town, Putnam County0***0***110***98***
Patterson town, Putnam County5***0***0***87***
Philipstown town, Putnam County0***4***5***97***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County49***0***0***59***
Southeast town, Putnam County36***9***183***56***
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0***9***118***10***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County0***4***0***45***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0***0***0***12***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County0***0***0***193***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County0***0***0***11***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0***0***0***0***
Delaware town, Sullivan County0***0***7***138***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County0***235**215***322**
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0***0***11***13***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0***12***28***28***
Highland town, Sullivan County0***0***0***0***
Liberty town, Sullivan County0***109***247***240***
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0***0***0***14***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County4***0***0***579*
Neversink town, Sullivan County0***15***39***61***
Rockland town, Sullivan County0***0***0***24***
Thompson town, Sullivan County0***222***374***693**
Tusten town, Sullivan County0***0***2***20***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County0***0***0***376**
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0***0***0***11***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0***84***78***113***
Monticello village, Sullivan County0***197***348***229***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0***0***0***10***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County0***0***0***26***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County0***182***634**422*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0***0***0***7***
Esopus town, Ulster County0***0***166***236***
Gardiner town, Ulster County0***0***0***15***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0***0***0***0***
Hurley town, Ulster County0***0***128***117***
Kingston town, Ulster County0***0***2***27***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0***0***75***108***
Marbletown town, Ulster County0***0***0***276***
Marlborough town, Ulster County0***0***14***113***
New Paltz town, Ulster County0***91***82***160***
Olive town, Ulster County0***0***23***145***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0***61***19***59***
Rochester town, Ulster County0***0***0***188***
Rosendale town, Ulster County0***50***57***30***
Saugerties town, Ulster County0***0***110***38***
Shandaken town, Ulster County0***0***0***27***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County0***0***0***82***
Ulster town, Ulster County5***0***49***428***
Wawarsing town, Ulster County0***0***285***158***
Woodstock town, Ulster County25***0***25***0***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0***0***285***22***
New Paltz village, Ulster County0***0***13***43***
Saugerties village, Ulster County0***0***0***0***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2008-12
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)12%33%24%12%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County13%***26%***45%***40%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***58%***32%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***13%***
Canaan town, Columbia County100%***0%***0%***6%***
Chatham town, Columbia County0%***0%***N/A***9%***
Claverack town, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***3%***4%***
Clermont town, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***24%***16%***
Copake town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***15%***
Gallatin town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Germantown town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***3%***
Ghent town, Columbia County0%***N/A***6%***3%***
Greenport town, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***57%***26%***
Hillsdale town, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***N/A***23%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County0%***8%***21%***2%***
Livingston town, Columbia County0%***38%***31%***12%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County100%***0%***N/A***14%***
Stockport town, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***N/A***19%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County0%***N/A***0%***2%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia CountyN/A***N/A***0%***32%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County0%***0%***50%***14%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia CountyN/A***100%***33%***10%***
Philmont village, Columbia CountyN/A***0%***46%***19%***
Valatie village, Columbia County0%***0%***0%***0%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess CountyN/A***37%***22%***14%***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County0%***45%39%*27%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County0%***0%***49%***4%***
Beekman town, Dutchess County0%***4%***0%***3%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0%***0%***42%***5%***
Dover town, Dutchess County0%***0%***20%***6%***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County0%***0%***21%***3%***
Fishkill town, Dutchess County0%***0%***24%***7%***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County0%***0%***0%***11%**
La Grange town, Dutchess County9%***0%***6%***7%***
Milan town, Dutchess CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
North East town, Dutchess CountyN/A***0%***16%***5%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0%***0%***9%***4%***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***0%***5%***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County0%***0%***37%***12%***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County8%***17%***2%***10%*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County0%***N/A***4%***6%***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County0%***0%***29%***6%***
Stanford town, Dutchess CountyN/A***100%***60%***2%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***42%***2%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County16%***0%***3%***2%***
Washington town, Dutchess County0%***N/A***0%***7%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0%***N/A***0%***0%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0%***N/A***N/A***7%***
Millerton village, Dutchess CountyN/A***0%***37%***25%***
Pawling village, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***0%***3%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***13%***10%***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County0%***N/A***100%***12%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess CountyN/A***N/A***0%***17%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County67%***0%***16%***3%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***2%***
Athens town, Greene County0%***45%***13%***16%***
Cairo town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***100%***46%**
Catskill town, Greene CountyN/A***0%***10%***24%**
Coxsackie town, Greene CountyN/A***18%***14%***11%***
Durham town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***100%***19%***
Greenville town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***10%***
Halcott town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***0%***
Hunter town, Greene County0%***N/A***0%***27%***
Jewett town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***15%***
Lexington town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***100%***38%***
New Baltimore town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***1%***
Prattsville town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***20%***
Windham town, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***3%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0%***0%***0%***1%***
Catskill village, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***28%***
Coxsackie village, Greene CountyN/A***0%***0%***10%***
Hunter village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***30%***
Tannersville village, Greene CountyN/A***N/A***0%***4%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County0%***21%**37%*16%**
Newburgh city, Orange County0%***53%28%*20%*
Port Jervis city, Orange County31%***21%***11%***24%**
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County0%***0%***0%***8%***
Chester town, Orange County0%***0%***8%***3%***
Cornwall town, Orange County0%***0%***3%***6%***
Crawford town, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***5%***
Deerpark town, Orange CountyN/A***0%***5%***19%***
Goshen town, Orange County8%***0%***6%***6%***
Greenville town, Orange County0%***0%***0%***9%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County0%***0%***0%***1%***
Highlands town, Orange County0%***0%***22%***9%***
Minisink town, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
Monroe town, Orange County0%***0%***30%***49%
Montgomery town, Orange CountyN/A***13%***11%***4%***
Mount Hope town, Orange County44%***12%***21%***10%***
New Windsor town, Orange County0%***11%***7%***2%***
Newburgh town, Orange County34%***13%***14%***5%***
Tuxedo town, Orange County0%***N/A***0%***0%***
Wallkill town, Orange County9%***5%***5%***6%***
Warwick town, Orange County0%***8%***15%***5%**
Wawayanda town, Orange County0%***5%***11%***4%***
Woodbury town, Orange County0%***0%***0%***10%**
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0%***0%***22%***9%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***18%***
Florida village, Orange County0%***33%***0%***2%***
Goshen village, Orange County0%***0%***0%***3%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***5%***
Harriman village, Orange County0%***0%***0%***0%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0%***0%***16%***22%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange CountyN/A***N/A***42%***61%
Maybrook village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***8%***
Monroe village, Orange County0%***N/A***54%***18%***
Montgomery village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
Otisville village, Orange County0%***27%***0%***18%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***8%***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0%***N/A***N/A***0%***
Unionville village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***0%***
Walden village, Orange CountyN/A***23%***22%***11%***
Warwick village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***63%***7%***
Washingtonville village, Orange CountyN/A***0%***0%***9%***
Woodbury village, Orange County0%***0%***0%***11%**
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County65%***0%***5%***4%***
Kent town, Putnam County0%***0%***13%***4%***
Patterson town, Putnam County17%***0%***3%***3%***
Philipstown town, Putnam County2%***N/A***25%***5%***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County0%***0%***5%***6%***
Southeast town, Putnam County0%***0%***16%***6%***
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0%***0%***27%***16%***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County50%***N/A***43%***9%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0%***N/A***0%***0%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan CountyN/A***100%***39%***17%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***100%***30%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***50%***32%***
Delaware town, Sullivan CountyN/A***80%***81%***18%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County12%***55%***14%***27%*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***73%***12%***
Fremont town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***5%***
Highland town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***26%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County0%***45%***31%***17%**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0%***0%***60%***30%**
Mamakating town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***13%***6%**
Neversink town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***10%***
Rockland town, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***80%***29%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County0%***46%***26%**28%*
Tusten town, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***16%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***67%***23%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***55%***
Liberty village, Sullivan CountyN/A***43%***21%***8%***
Monticello village, Sullivan CountyN/A***65%***32%***19%***
Woodridge village, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***26%***7%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan CountyN/A***0%***0%***18%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County21%***25%***33%*30%*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***N/A***9%***
Esopus town, Ulster County0%***0%***0%***5%***
Gardiner town, Ulster County0%***0%***21%***17%***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***0%***0%***
Hurley town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***0%***2%***
Kingston town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***3%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0%***19%***32%***10%***
Marbletown town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***3%***
Marlborough town, Ulster County56%***0%***65%***10%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County0%***28%***19%***4%***
Olive town, Ulster CountyN/A***100%***0%***16%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0%***11%***7%***19%**
Rochester town, Ulster County0%***N/A***8%***17%***
Rosendale town, Ulster CountyN/A***0%***7%***3%***
Saugerties town, Ulster County0%***0%***25%***13%**
Shandaken town, Ulster County0%***N/A***100%***3%***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County0%***N/A***0%***8%***
Ulster town, Ulster County32%***40%***60%***13%***
Wawarsing town, Ulster County14%***58%***25%**31%*
Woodstock town, Ulster County0%***0%***0%***4%***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0%***67%***35%**26%***
New Paltz village, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***0%***4%***
Saugerties village, Ulster CountyN/A***N/A***100%***36%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Number of Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2008-12
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanic or LatinoWhite
NYS (excluding NYC)11,38883,91180,688229,232
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County16***115***108***290**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County0***0***11***76***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County0***0***0***32***
Canaan town, Columbia County3***0***0***15***
Chatham town, Columbia County0***0***0***57***
Claverack town, Columbia County0***0***6***35***
Clermont town, Columbia County0***0***17***68***
Copake town, Columbia County0***0***0***91***
Gallatin town, Columbia County0***0***0***0***
Germantown town, Columbia County0***0***0***15***
Ghent town, Columbia County0***0***2***36***
Greenport town, Columbia County0***0***31***161***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County0***0***0***83***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County0***2***16***40***
Livingston town, Columbia County0***16***19***62***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County53***0***0***57***
Stockport town, Columbia County0***0***0***80***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County0***0***0***10***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County0***0***0***51***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County0***0***2***50***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County0***2***2***26***
Philmont village, Columbia County0***0***6***35***
Valatie village, Columbia County0***0***0***0***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County0***173***198***252***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County0***1,602946*596*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County0***0***114***33***
Beekman town, Dutchess County0***5***0***103***
Clinton town, Dutchess County0***0***23***40***
Dover town, Dutchess County0***0***66***94***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County0***0***167***188***
Fishkill town, Dutchess County0***0***118***223***
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County0***0***0***328**
La Grange town, Dutchess County20***0***22***244***
Milan town, Dutchess County0***0***0***0***
North East town, Dutchess County0***0***15***25***
Pawling town, Dutchess County0***0***25***58***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County0***0***0***20***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County0***0***87***224***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County66***134***22***598*
Red Hook town, Dutchess County0***0***4***122***
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County0***0***17***68***
Stanford town, Dutchess County0***11***44***11***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0***0***18***27***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County94***0***40***101***
Washington town, Dutchess County0***0***0***56***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County0***0***0***0***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County0***0***0***19***
Millerton village, Dutchess County0***0***15***25***
Pawling village, Dutchess County0***0***0***12***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County0***0***4***33***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County0***0***17***68***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County0***0***0***32***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County88***0***40***16***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County0***0***0***2***
Athens town, Greene County0***25***12***110***
Cairo town, Greene County0***0***14***507**
Catskill town, Greene County0***0***28***399**
Coxsackie town, Greene County0***12***29***145***
Durham town, Greene County0***0***76***127***
Greenville town, Greene County0***0***0***69***
Halcott town, Greene County0***0***0***0***
Hunter town, Greene County0***0***0***103***
Jewett town, Greene County0***0***0***21***
Lexington town, Greene County0***0***19***58***
New Baltimore town, Greene County0***0***0***9***
Prattsville town, Greene County0***0***0***26***
Windham town, Greene County0***0***0***7***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County0***0***0***2***
Catskill village, Greene County0***0***0***166***
Coxsackie village, Greene County0***0***0***64***
Hunter village, Greene County0***0***0***19***
Tannersville village, Greene County0***0***0***2***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County0***342**1,342*391**
Newburgh city, Orange County0***1,6531,438*584*
Port Jervis city, Orange County8***55***38***402**
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County0***0***0***261***
Chester town, Orange County0***0***43***50***
Cornwall town, Orange County0***0***9***176***
Crawford town, Orange County0***0***0***111***
Deerpark town, Orange County0***0***11***208***
Goshen town, Orange County10***0***32***143***
Greenville town, Orange County0***0***0***71***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County0***0***0***9***
Highlands town, Orange County0***0***84***170***
Minisink town, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Monroe town, Orange County0***0***377***8,239
Montgomery town, Orange County0***53***114***181***
Mount Hope town, Orange County8***8***41***117***
New Windsor town, Orange County0***86***109***103***
Newburgh town, Orange County136***139***269***220***
Tuxedo town, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Wallkill town, Orange County42***66***96***206***
Warwick town, Orange County0***24***179***340**
Wawayanda town, Orange County0***3***63***63***
Woodbury town, Orange County0***0***0***278**
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County0***0***43***43***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County0***0***0***122***
Florida village, Orange County0***24***0***7***
Goshen village, Orange County0***0***0***30***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County0***0***0***30***
Harriman village, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Highland Falls village, Orange County0***0***24***136***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County0***0***36***7,849
Maybrook village, Orange County0***0***0***52***
Monroe village, Orange County0***0***341***368***
Montgomery village, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Otisville village, Orange County0***8***0***40***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County0***0***0***47***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Unionville village, Orange County0***0***0***0***
Walden village, Orange County0***53***114***118***
Warwick village, Orange County0***0***107***96***
Washingtonville village, Orange County0***0***0***63***
Woodbury village, Orange County0***0***0***278**
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County137***0***55***265***
Kent town, Putnam County0***0***62***106***
Patterson town, Putnam County8***0***8***71***
Philipstown town, Putnam County2***0***43***90***
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County0***0***26***167***
Southeast town, Putnam County0***0***133***193***
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County0***0***95***48***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County2***0***17***22***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County0***0***0***0***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County0***45***36***91***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County0***0***17***163***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County0***0***21***44***
Delaware town, Sullivan County0***40***34***56***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County24***183***128***612*
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County0***0***8***17***
Fremont town, Sullivan County0***0***0***10***
Highland town, Sullivan County0***0***0***103***
Liberty town, Sullivan County0***47***145***277**
Lumberland town, Sullivan County0***0***54***218**
Mamakating town, Sullivan County0***0***60***158**
Neversink town, Sullivan County0***0***0***87***
Rockland town, Sullivan County0***0***57***188***
Thompson town, Sullivan County0***361***305**557*
Tusten town, Sullivan County0***0***0***22***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County0***0***4***11***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County0***0***0***24***
Liberty village, Sullivan County0***44***64***44***
Monticello village, Sullivan County0***344***251***99***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County0***0***21***8***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County0***0***0***26***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County23***205***474*1,000*
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County0***0***0***15***
Esopus town, Ulster County0***0***0***74***
Gardiner town, Ulster County0***0***27***187***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County0***0***0***0***
Hurley town, Ulster County0***0***0***26***
Kingston town, Ulster County0***0***0***6***
Lloyd town, Ulster County0***41***53***185***
Marbletown town, Ulster County0***0***0***21***
Marlborough town, Ulster County15***0***121***171***
New Paltz town, Ulster County0***20***36***63***
Olive town, Ulster County0***37***0***107***
Plattekill town, Ulster County0***23***42***342**
Rochester town, Ulster County0***0***12***265***
Rosendale town, Ulster County0***0***16***28***
Saugerties town, Ulster County0***0***64***474**
Shandaken town, Ulster County0***0***11***6***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County0***0***0***177***
Ulster town, Ulster County18***16***132***288***
Wawarsing town, Ulster County6***116***239**611*
Woodstock town, Ulster County0***0***0***36***
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County0***116***218**183***
New Paltz village, Ulster County0***0***0***14***
Saugerties village, Ulster County0***0***42***225***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable