Housing
Rent as Percent of Household Income by Race/ Ethnicity, 2017-21

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Rent as Percent of Household Income by Race/ Ethnicity, 2017-21

What does this measure?

The proportion of household income that goes toward monthly rent, utilities and fuel, calculated by dividing median rent by median household income for renters, presented for renters of various racial and ethnic groups.

Why is this important?

This figure indicates how affordable housing is for renters of different races and ethnicities. The federal Housing and Urban Development Department guideline for affordability is that rent should consume no more than 30% of household income. High housing costs can force households to choose between paying for housing and meeting other basic needs such as food, clothing and health care.

How is the region performing?

Rent consumed 35% of the income of African American households, compared to 30% of Hispanic and Asian households, and 29% of White household income in 2017-21. The figure for African Americans was higher than the state or nation (both 33%), while the Hispanic figure was lower than both the nation and the state. Median rents were highest for Asians and Hispanics in the region at almost $1,300, followed by over $1,200 for African Americans and just below that for Whites.

Why do these disparities exist?

Historic and current policies and systems, from racist housing policies to employment discrimination to education systems that fail to equitably serve all populations, have prevented people of color from fully participating in our economy, locking them out of economic opportunity. This has resulted in lower incomes for people of color, which means housing costs are a greater burden. At the same time, housing costs are rising faster than incomes and affordable housing is limited.

Notes about the data

Multi-year data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample. The American Community Survey combines five years of responses to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census.

Rent as Percent of Household Income by Race/ Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Region30%35%30%29%
Dutchess41%23%37%29%
Orange35%37%28%27%
PutnamN/AN/A25%24%
NYS (excluding NYC)33%33%35%27%
U.S.26%33%31%27%
Orange Cities
Newburgh city, Orange County35%37%28%27%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not presented for all racial/ethnic groups where the sample size was too small to provide reliable data. Regional rates calculated by weighting county medians based on share of population. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Median Rent by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Region$1,299$1,215$1,271$1,160
Dutchess$1,478$1,281$1,081$1,274
Orange$1,503$1,267$1,396$1,343
Putnam$1,100N/A$1,640$1,537
NYS (excluding NYC)$1,655$1,326$1,437$1,788
U.S.$1,547$1,063$1,256$1,164
Orange Cities
Newburgh city, Orange County$1,503$1,267$1,396$1,343

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




Rent as Percent of Household Income by Race/ Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Region30%35%30%29%
Dutchess41%23%37%29%
Orange35%37%28%27%
PutnamN/AN/A25%24%
NYS (excluding NYC)33%33%35%27%
U.S.26%33%31%27%
Orange Cities
Newburgh city, Orange County35%37%28%27%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not presented for all racial/ethnic groups where the sample size was too small to provide reliable data. Regional rates calculated by weighting county medians based on share of population. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Median Rent by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-21
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Region$1,299$1,215$1,271$1,160
Dutchess$1,478$1,281$1,081$1,274
Orange$1,503$1,267$1,396$1,343
Putnam$1,100N/A$1,640$1,537
NYS (excluding NYC)$1,655$1,326$1,437$1,788
U.S.$1,547$1,063$1,256$1,164
Orange Cities
Newburgh city, Orange County$1,503$1,267$1,396$1,343

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Increasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Maintaining
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Increasing
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
Households Receiving SNAP Maintaining
Food Insecurity Decreasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Newly Diagnosed Cases of HIV Decreasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Homeownership Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Incarceration Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable


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