Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019

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Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019

What does this measure?

The percent of students tested who scored at level 3 or above--meeting or exceeding the state standard--on the state Grade 4 English exam, broken down by students' race or ethnicity. The test is scored by placing a student's performance in one of four levels.

Why is this important?

Early reading skills are critical to a successful school experience and a productive work life.

How is the region performing?

Passing rates were higher for Asian and white students in the region (57% and 49%, respectively) than for African American and Hispanic students (26% and 30%, respectively) in 2019. Rates in the region were lower for each group, than at the state (excluding NYC) level.

Passing rates were especially low among Hispanic and African American students in the school districts of Poughkeepsie and Newburgh. They were higher for Hispanic and African American students in the larger district of Cornwall in Orange (68% and 75% respectively).

It should be noted that a substantial number of students did not take state exams in 2019 due to parent concerns about testing in schools. The large percentage of students not taking the exam may have an effect on overall achievement levels and should therefore give caution when interpreting results. The opt out rate was 22% for the Region and was 16% in Columbia, 21% in Dutchess, 13% in Greene, 23% in Orange, 31% in Putnam, 11% in Sullivan, and 26% in Ulster.

Why do these disparities exist?

There are a variety of factors believed to contribute to disparities in test scores and other measures of student achievement. School systems in the United States are highly segregated, and students of color disproportionately attend schools with high proportions of low-income students who may not have benefited from early learning opportunities at the same rate as other students. Schools also have different levels of resources ranging from qualified/experienced teachers to advanced courses to facilities and technology, and schools with large Black and Latino populations often have lower levels. In addition, teachers across all school systems tend to be disproportionately white, and teaching practices and curriculum may not be culturally relevant to students of color.

Notes about the data

Changes in the state's testing program over the last decade impact the comparability of test results year to year. In addition to the shift to Common Core Standards in 2013, the state in 2010 revised scoring of its tests, raising the threshold for passing. The Common Core was adopted in most states to better prepare students for success beyond high school by emphasizing problem solving, understanding and synthesis, comprehension of nonfiction text, and other higher-order thinking skills. Test results for small racial groups were not disclosed to protect student privacy. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter.

Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County25%15%21%48%
Dutchess County34%36%53%
Greene County25%29%
Orange County61%24%31%52%
Putnam County55%50%33%58%
Sullivan County67%21%20%39%
Ulster County8%20%41%
NYS (excluding NYC)66%29%33%50%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central43%
Hudson City18%13%11%42%
Kinderhook Central0%63%
Taconic Hills Central40%33%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central26%35%55%
Beacon City70%48%41%72%
Dover Union Free48%38%
Hyde Park Central50%15%33%41%
Millbrook Central61%
Northeast Central45%
Pawling Central65%
Pine Plains Central30%30%
Poughkeepsie City31%24%
Red Hook Central54%59%
Rhinebeck Central33%56%
Spackenkill Union Free82%60%63%
Wappingers Central57%44%40%53%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central26%
Catskill Central29%36%
Coxsackie-Athens Central25%21%
Greenville Central23%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free0%9%29%
Cornwall Central70%75%68%79%
Florida Union Free47%65%
Goshen Central67%22%25%37%
Highland Falls Central40%49%
Middletown City64%24%24%59%
Minisink Valley Central19%46%
Monroe-Woodbury Central57%29%28%52%
Newburgh City21%34%55%
Pine Bush Central63%23%30%44%
Port Jervis City24%41%
Valley Central30%33%41%
Warwick Valley Central47%77%
Washingtonville Central28%29%39%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central18%45%
Carmel Central67%43%50%
Garrison Union Free84%
Haldane Central67%
Mahopac Central40%29%53%
Putnam Valley Central75%76%
Sullivan School Districts
Fallsburg Central31%9%42%
Liberty Central29%31%44%
Monticello Central9%14%23%
Sullivan West Central61%
Tri-Valley Central31%36%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central10%16%45%
Highland Central0%33%50%
Kingston City63%8%16%35%
Marlboro Central6%27%48%
New Paltz Central11%54%
Onteora Central40%51%
Rondout Valley Central9%39%
Saugerties Central11%29%
Wallkill Central36%42%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Number of Students Passing Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2019
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County348141
Dutchess County106196717
Greene County794
Orange County65114410806
Putnam County111168278
Sullivan County41342135
Ulster County857322
NYS (excluding NYC)3,7983,3556,04727,612
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central15
Hudson City23222
Kinderhook Central047
Taconic Hills Central423
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central933171
Beacon City7142350
Dover Union Free1618
Hyde Park Central341446
Millbrook Central20
Northeast Central10
Pawling Central35
Pine Plains Central312
Poughkeepsie City5028
Red Hook Central758
Rhinebeck Central235
Spackenkill Union Free9924
Wappingers Central172347230
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central16
Catskill Central428
Coxsackie-Athens Central219
Greenville Central13
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free027
Cornwall Central763090
Florida Union Free724
Goshen Central421144
Highland Falls Central617
Middletown City7296937
Minisink Valley Central762
Monroe-Woodbury Central16104191
Newburgh City3916173
Pine Bush Central551488
Port Jervis City845
Valley Central62051
Warwick Valley Central15129
Washingtonville Central71836
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central1644
Carmel Central42354
Garrison Union Free21
Haldane Central35
Mahopac Central41164
Putnam Valley Central1260
Sullivan School Districts
Fallsburg Central4410
Liberty Central41919
Monticello Central31020
Sullivan West Central40
Tri-Valley Central422
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central1919
Highland Central0430
Kingston City541779
Marlboro Central1939
New Paltz Central127
Onteora Central428
Rondout Valley Central137
Saugerties Central233
Wallkill Central1030

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County29%9%24%24%
Dutchess County57%13%17%33%
Greene County29%4%4%19%
Orange County47%16%19%36%
Putnam County62%31%25%43%
Sullivan County44%11%8%22%
Ulster County46%10%12%32%
NYS (excluding NYC)52%15%18%37%
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central27%
Germantown Central28%
Hudson City29%8%40%16%
Kinderhook Central35%
Taconic Hills Central17%15%
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central61%28%24%33%
Beacon City12%18%30%
Dover Union Free16%16%
Hyde Park Central13%7%5%20%
Millbrook Central38%
Northeast Central20%
Pawling Central45%
Pine Plains Central23%
Poughkeepsie City8%13%16%
Red Hook Central18%46%
Rhinebeck Central34%
Spackenkill Union Free50%13%29%35%
Wappingers Central20%20%37%
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central0%19%
Catskill Central6%13%
Coxsackie-Athens Central24%
Hunter-Tannersville Central32%
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free0%27%43%
Cornwall Central38%41%46%
Florida Union Free13%40%
Goshen Central40%19%40%
Greenwood Lake Union Free34%
Highland Falls Central24%31%
Middletown City38%18%14%19%
Minisink Valley Central14%24%
Monroe-Woodbury Central51%26%39%
Newburgh City64%15%16%31%
Pine Bush Central43%32%35%34%
Port Jervis City0%17%20%
Valley Central50%14%21%49%
Warwick Valley Central17%27%52%
Washingtonville Central0%13%24%
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central55%32%40%
Carmel Central24%50%
Haldane Central43%
Mahopac Central75%17%24%39%
Putnam Valley Central17%35%
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central31%
Fallsburg Central8%23%
Liberty Central11%26%
Livingston Manor Central39%
Monticello Central9%4%13%
Sullivan West Central32%
Tri-Valley Central10%
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central5%26%
Highland Central32%40%
Kingston City6%4%26%
Marlboro Central18%13%37%
New Paltz Central67%14%46%49%
Onteora Central42%46%
Rondout Valley Central13%24%
Saugerties Central10%23%
Wallkill Central9%6%27%

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Number of Students Passing Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Columbia County64894
Dutchess County765082711
Greene County21171
Orange County65102225930
Putnam County23552365
Sullivan County4812100
Ulster County161631393
NYS (excluding NYC)2,9222,0223,09630,298
Columbia School Districts
Chatham Central21
Germantown Central13
Hudson City5349
Kinderhook Central30
Taconic Hills Central114
Dutchess School Districts
Arlington Central201119173
Beacon City51234
Dover Union Free312
Hyde Park Central12239
Millbrook Central29
Northeast Central8
Pawling Central37
Pine Plains Central14
Poughkeepsie City17136
Red Hook Central266
Rhinebeck Central26
Spackenkill Union Free91223
Wappingers Central1124244
Greene School Districts
Cairo-Durham Central014
Catskill Central111
Coxsackie-Athens Central24
Hunter-Tannersville Central8
Orange School Districts
Chester Union Free0616
Cornwall Central61695
Florida Union Free214
Goshen Central4558
Greenwood Lake Union Free17
Highland Falls Central48
Middletown City5263822
Minisink Valley Central662
Monroe-Woodbury Central2226141
Newburgh City14386262
Pine Bush Central3112799
Port Jervis City0528
Valley Central3512117
Warwick Valley Central26123
Washingtonville Central0658
Putnam School Districts
Brewster Central61967
Carmel Central16121
Haldane Central20
Mahopac Central9113110
Putnam Valley Central433
Sullivan School Districts
Eldred Central12
Fallsburg Central312
Liberty Central415
Livingston Manor Central14
Monticello Central4217
Sullivan West Central17
Tri-Valley Central8
Ulster School Districts
Ellenville Central216
Highland Central640
Kingston City5378
Marlboro Central2335
New Paltz Central42673
Onteora Central541
Rondout Valley Central233
Saugerties Central237
Wallkill Central2240

Source: New York State Education Department
Notes: Data shows students passing at level 3 or higher. Data is not reported for groups of less than 6 students.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Decreasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Decreasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing