Financial Stability
Elderly Living in Poverty

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Elderly Living in Poverty

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What does this measure?

The estimated proportion of residents 65 and older with incomes below the poverty line. In 2021, the threshold for a person 65 or older was $12,996.

Why is this important?

The percentage of seniors living in poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of the older population, and it can indicate the level of need for social and government supports among this population.

How is the region performing?

In 2017-21, 8% of seniors in the Mid-Hudson Valley had incomes below the poverty line, on par with both statewide (excluding NYC) rate and slightly below the national rate (10%).

Populations of seniors in poverty were too small in some counties and most municipalities to report reliable data. Of those with reliable data, Putnam had one of the lowest senior poverty rates, at 6%, while Sullivan had the highest, at 10%. Rates in these counties changed little since 2000.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the fourth quarter.

Elderly Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)7%7%7%8%
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County14%10%***20%**24%**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County12%7%***11%***0%***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County1%3%***15%***1%***
Canaan town, Columbia County5%0%***8%***6%***
Chatham town, Columbia County5%2%***3%***8%***
Claverack town, Columbia County7%5%***11%**4%***
Clermont town, Columbia County8%15%***11%***9%***
Copake town, Columbia County4%2%***15%***2%***
Gallatin town, Columbia County10%3%***5%***5%***
Germantown town, Columbia County6%6%***3%***8%***
Ghent town, Columbia County9%7%***3%***11%***
Greenport town, Columbia County5%10%***11%***7%***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County5%4%***3%***4%***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County4%12%***7%**9%***
Livingston town, Columbia County5%0%***6%***5%***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County5%3%***0%***3%***
Stockport town, Columbia County7%3%***4%***4%***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County6%1%***9%***4%***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County3%3%***7%***5%***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County11%7%***10%***12%***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County3%5%***7%***0%***
Philmont village, Columbia County6%21%***10%***0%***
Valatie village, Columbia County16%4%***14%***7%***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County6%14%**4%***12%***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County14%15%*11%*13%*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County13%21%***7%***11%***
Beekman town, Dutchess County5%2%***6%***4%***
Clinton town, Dutchess County4%4%***5%***1%***
Dover town, Dutchess County7%4%***5%***16%***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County4%3%***3%***3%**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County8%6%**5%**6%**
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County6%4%***5%**9%**
La Grange town, Dutchess County2%2%***3%***4%***
Milan town, Dutchess County6%2%***5%***0%***
North East town, Dutchess County11%16%***6%***7%***
Pawling town, Dutchess County4%1%***6%**8%***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County2%12%***3%***5%***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County6%3%***8%***4%***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County5%8%*4%*7%**
Red Hook town, Dutchess County5%7%***8%**9%**
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County6%5%***6%**9%**
Stanford town, Dutchess County8%0%***3%***8%***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County0%5%***4%***5%***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County5%6%***6%**4%**
Washington town, Dutchess County6%4%***5%***5%***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County9%18%***11%***8%***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County4%7%***4%***5%***
Millerton village, Dutchess County12%13%***12%***5%***
Pawling village, Dutchess County10%0%***8%***8%***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County2%11%***5%***13%***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County6%9%***6%***9%***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County4%2%***5%***17%***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County14%10%***12%***3%***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County9%9%***8%***8%***
Athens town, Greene County9%3%***17%**9%***
Cairo town, Greene County11%7%***8%***7%**
Catskill town, Greene County10%5%***9%***8%***
Coxsackie town, Greene County16%11%***9%***7%***
Durham town, Greene County7%6%***9%***3%***
Greenville town, Greene County6%18%***3%***1%***
Halcott town, Greene County11%13%***5%***4%***
Hunter town, Greene County17%20%***18%***13%***
Jewett town, Greene County7%6%***4%***11%***
Lexington town, Greene County14%8%***1%***5%***
New Baltimore town, Greene County11%5%***11%***5%***
Prattsville town, Greene County7%1%***7%***7%***
Windham town, Greene County8%4%***7%***7%***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County12%3%***11%**18%***
Catskill village, Greene County10%5%***14%***8%***
Coxsackie village, Greene County18%14%***5%***9%***
Hunter village, Greene County11%4%***41%***18%***
Tannersville village, Greene County10%11%***0%***0%***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County10%8%**12%**12%**
Newburgh city, Orange County16%23%*18%*19%**
Port Jervis city, Orange County10%12%**13%**23%***
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County8%6%***2%***12%*
Chester town, Orange County4%1%***5%***5%***
Cornwall town, Orange County3%4%***2%***3%***
Crawford town, Orange County7%5%***11%***7%***
Deerpark town, Orange County6%6%***15%**10%***
Goshen town, Orange County9%12%**3%***4%***
Greenville town, Orange County6%10%***4%***4%***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County3%4%***5%***7%***
Highlands town, Orange County3%10%***4%***5%***
Minisink town, Orange County4%11%***2%***2%***
Monroe town, Orange County11%5%***7%**2%***
Montgomery town, Orange County10%10%**11%**13%**
Mount Hope town, Orange County3%7%***8%***4%***
New Windsor town, Orange County7%4%***8%***10%**
Newburgh town, Orange County6%6%**4%**5%**
Tuxedo town, Orange County3%5%***1%***5%***
Wallkill town, Orange County9%7%**8%**7%**
Warwick town, Orange County7%6%**5%**6%**
Wawayanda town, Orange County4%0%***5%***5%***
Woodbury town, Orange County2%4%***5%***1%***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County8%2%***10%***3%***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County4%0%***2%***3%***
Florida village, Orange County3%0%***2%***1%***
Goshen village, Orange County7%11%***2%***5%***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County8%13%***0%***0%***
Harriman village, Orange County6%1%***10%***4%***
Highland Falls village, Orange County4%13%***3%***4%***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County50%9%***25%**9%***
Maybrook village, Orange County11%10%***16%***21%***
Monroe village, Orange County5%5%***2%***3%***
Montgomery village, Orange County16%10%***5%***0%***
Otisville village, Orange County1%0%***21%***3%***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County4%***1%***12%***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County0%0%***1%***6%***
Unionville village, Orange County0%14%***11%***5%***
Walden village, Orange County8%15%***12%***23%***
Warwick village, Orange County11%9%***6%***7%***
Washingtonville village, Orange County12%11%***5%***20%**
Woodbury village, Orange County5%***5%***1%***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County6%3%***3%***4%***
Kent town, Putnam County8%3%***1%***3%***
Patterson town, Putnam County11%12%**9%***5%***
Philipstown town, Putnam County14%12%***4%***8%**
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County2%9%***7%***15%*
Southeast town, Putnam County4%7%**2%***5%**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County12%15%***0%***17%***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County11%8%***3%***12%***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County3%7%***0%***12%***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County10%12%***10%***4%***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County6%3%***4%***8%***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County9%9%***6%***10%***
Delaware town, Sullivan County6%8%***9%***4%***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County14%14%***12%**10%***
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County7%4%***1%***3%***
Fremont town, Sullivan County16%9%***10%***3%***
Highland town, Sullivan County3%4%***16%***2%***
Liberty town, Sullivan County11%15%***13%**15%***
Lumberland town, Sullivan County10%6%***2%***7%***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County9%5%***9%**11%**
Neversink town, Sullivan County14%6%***7%***4%***
Rockland town, Sullivan County9%2%***8%***24%***
Thompson town, Sullivan County13%13%**11%**10%**
Tusten town, Sullivan County4%12%***9%***10%***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County9%26%***10%***20%***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County5%10%***3%***11%***
Liberty village, Sullivan County12%8%***24%**23%***
Monticello village, Sullivan County24%18%***19%***13%***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County24%17%***14%***15%***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County2%5%***1%***6%***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County10%9%**10%*10%**
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County9%4%***3%***12%***
Esopus town, Ulster County19%8%***10%**7%***
Gardiner town, Ulster County4%1%***21%***24%***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County15%12%***14%***0%***
Hurley town, Ulster County5%2%***1%***4%***
Kingston town, Ulster County4%8%***7%***4%***
Lloyd town, Ulster County10%4%***6%***4%***
Marbletown town, Ulster County3%9%***8%***5%***
Marlborough town, Ulster County9%6%***12%**5%***
New Paltz town, Ulster County9%3%***4%***5%***
Olive town, Ulster County4%16%***9%***6%***
Plattekill town, Ulster County7%5%***12%**3%***
Rochester town, Ulster County7%8%***10%***9%***
Rosendale town, Ulster County10%8%***14%***7%***
Saugerties town, Ulster County7%4%***7%*8%*
Shandaken town, Ulster County8%4%***8%***6%***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County11%15%***13%***2%***
Ulster town, Ulster County8%9%*6%**8%**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County13%8%***14%**11%***
Woodstock town, Ulster County4%5%***7%**14%**
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County15%11%***37%***7%***
New Paltz village, Ulster County12%4%***11%***4%***
Saugerties village, Ulster County9%5%***15%***10%***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Number of Elderly Living in Poverty
NYS (excluding NYC)104,059110,711120,981149,901
Columbia Cities
Hudson city, Columbia County14890***137**204**
Columbia Towns
Ancram town, Columbia County3118***36***0***
Austerlitz town, Columbia County26***63***6***
Canaan town, Columbia County140***31***32***
Chatham town, Columbia County2612***23***89***
Claverack town, Columbia County7850***148**54***
Clermont town, Columbia County1728***37***38***
Copake town, Columbia County2613***102***20***
Gallatin town, Columbia County239***19***18***
Germantown town, Columbia County2125***14***45***
Ghent town, Columbia County6359***30***119***
Greenport town, Columbia County4686***110***87***
Hillsdale town, Columbia County1511***14***17***
Kinderhook town, Columbia County46142***112**174***
Livingston town, Columbia County290***47***44***
New Lebanon town, Columbia County1510***0***18***
Stockport town, Columbia County2315***18***21***
Stuyvesant town, Columbia County174***25***20***
Taghkanic town, Columbia County68***22***20***
Columbia Villages
Chatham village, Columbia County2117***25***31***
Kinderhook village, Columbia County68***27***0***
Philmont village, Columbia County1229***20***0***
Valatie village, Columbia County225***31***22***
Dutchess Cities
Beacon city, Dutchess County99245**68***213***
Poughkeepsie city, Dutchess County538627*465*651*
Dutchess Towns
Amenia town, Dutchess County90141***58***83***
Beekman town, Dutchess County4532***92***66***
Clinton town, Dutchess County1820***37***16***
Dover town, Dutchess County5547***52***213***
East Fishkill town, Dutchess County7781***118***123**
Fishkill town, Dutchess County183163**169**302**
Hyde Park town, Dutchess County152115***152**328**
La Grange town, Dutchess County3640***62***86***
Milan town, Dutchess County166***20***0***
North East town, Dutchess County4577***30***53***
Pawling town, Dutchess County418***83**108***
Pine Plains town, Dutchess County952***17***24***
Pleasant Valley town, Dutchess County6032***106***53***
Poughkeepsie town, Dutchess County271487*245*526**
Red Hook town, Dutchess County6294***122**136**
Rhinebeck town, Dutchess County6964***121**168**
Stanford town, Dutchess County370***20***63***
Union Vale town, Dutchess County037***36***36***
Wappinger town, Dutchess County128195***245**170**
Washington town, Dutchess County4644***52***52***
Dutchess Villages
Fishkill village, Dutchess County4565***33***38***
Millbrook village, Dutchess County1227***14***23***
Millerton village, Dutchess County1616***15***8***
Pawling village, Dutchess County320***31***28***
Red Hook village, Dutchess County637***18***52***
Rhinebeck village, Dutchess County4344***43***65***
Tivoli village, Dutchess County43***8***19***
Wappingers Falls village, Dutchess County8160***97***26***
Greene Towns
Ashland town, Greene County1117***21***17***
Athens town, Greene County5424***137**107***
Cairo town, Greene County11986***89***99**
Catskill town, Greene County18385***174***190***
Coxsackie town, Greene County12688***86***85***
Durham town, Greene County3240***44***14***
Greenville town, Greene County38146***24***7***
Halcott town, Greene County56***3***3***
Hunter town, Greene County72102***143***115***
Jewett town, Greene County1111***14***39***
Lexington town, Greene County2518***2***12***
New Baltimore town, Greene County4124***83***35***
Prattsville town, Greene County92***12***17***
Windham town, Greene County2516***42***24***
Greene Villages
Athens village, Greene County367***37**88***
Catskill village, Greene County7620***76***49***
Coxsackie village, Greene County6946***30***56***
Hunter village, Greene County86***50***35***
Tannersville village, Greene County89***0***0***
Orange Cities
Middletown city, Orange County299224**355**556**
Newburgh city, Orange County387550*434*650**
Port Jervis city, Orange County137161**168**397***
Orange Towns
Blooming Grove town, Orange County114111***51***253*
Chester town, Orange County359***63***84***
Cornwall town, Orange County5357***45***59***
Crawford town, Orange County5256***127***85***
Deerpark town, Orange County4858***235**131***
Goshen town, Orange County127196**65***90***
Greenville town, Orange County2055***24***30***
Hamptonburgh town, Orange County1019***30***52***
Highlands town, Orange County2343***32***46***
Minisink town, Orange County1142***10***10***
Monroe town, Orange County199113***164**46***
Montgomery town, Orange County218227**376**390**
Mount Hope town, Orange County1538***53***35***
New Windsor town, Orange County209115***270***395**
Newburgh town, Orange County213223**179**272**
Tuxedo town, Orange County1128***7***43***
Wallkill town, Orange County224233**298**335**
Warwick town, Orange County228246**235**320**
Wawayanda town, Orange County270***37***55***
Woodbury town, Orange County1146***59***16***
Orange Villages
Chester village, Orange County358***43***15***
Cornwall-on-Hudson village, Orange County150***11***18***
Florida village, Orange County110***9***4***
Goshen village, Orange County5879***19***62***
Greenwood Lake village, Orange County2341***0***0***
Harriman village, Orange County112***20***14***
Highland Falls village, Orange County2343***20***19***
Kiryas Joel village, Orange County10418***98**79***
Maybrook village, Orange County2734***59***129***
Monroe village, Orange County3752***18***32***
Montgomery village, Orange County5937***42***0***
Otisville village, Orange County10***24***8***
South Blooming Grove village, Orange County11***7***58***
Tuxedo Park village, Orange County00***2***9***
Unionville village, Orange County06***9***7***
Walden village, Orange County4892***81***167***
Warwick village, Orange County110116***105***124***
Washingtonville village, Orange County68100***41***182**
Woodbury village, Orange County46***59***16***
Putnam Towns
Carmel town, Putnam County180133***138***239***
Kent town, Putnam County10654***24***71***
Patterson town, Putnam County89155**128***85***
Philipstown town, Putnam County179195***82***165**
Putnam Valley town, Putnam County16123***123***277*
Southeast town, Putnam County65130**36***144**
Putnam Villages
Brewster village, Putnam County2518***0***44***
Cold Spring village, Putnam County4129***11***41***
Nelsonville village, Putnam County24***0***11***
Sullivan Towns
Bethel town, Sullivan County6874***86***46***
Callicoon town, Sullivan County3419***27***58***
Cochecton town, Sullivan County2020***21***32***
Delaware town, Sullivan County2437***48***19***
Fallsburg town, Sullivan County196177***220**173***
Forestburgh town, Sullivan County75***2***9***
Fremont town, Sullivan County3834***28***11***
Highland town, Sullivan County1413***82***9***
Liberty town, Sullivan County166205***179**202***
Lumberland town, Sullivan County3423***10***24***
Mamakating town, Sullivan County10984***139**189**
Neversink town, Sullivan County5928***34***18***
Rockland town, Sullivan County6120***48***247***
Thompson town, Sullivan County274243**256**348**
Tusten town, Sullivan County1344***36***30***
Sullivan Villages
Bloomingburg village, Sullivan County412***7***14***
Jeffersonville village, Sullivan County79***2***7***
Liberty village, Sullivan County8643***145**135***
Monticello village, Sullivan County222132***164***161***
Woodridge village, Sullivan County3922***16***18***
Wurtsboro village, Sullivan County25***3***16***
Ulster Cities
Kingston city, Ulster County371294**349*313**
Ulster Towns
Denning town, Ulster County66***4***11***
Esopus town, Ulster County21592***157**155***
Gardiner town, Ulster County214***204***184***
Hardenburgh town, Ulster County73***5***0***
Hurley town, Ulster County6127***19***52***
Kingston town, Ulster County417***10***9***
Lloyd town, Ulster County10649***92***73***
Marbletown town, Ulster County2287***81***73***
Marlborough town, Ulster County8961***179**92***
New Paltz town, Ulster County9657***66***105***
Olive town, Ulster County22127***82***92***
Plattekill town, Ulster County8054***224**57***
Rochester town, Ulster County6182***115***120***
Rosendale town, Ulster County6765***168***100***
Saugerties town, Ulster County171118***226*364*
Shandaken town, Ulster County4624***73***54***
Shawangunk town, Ulster County108229***231***27***
Ulster town, Ulster County156184*153**200**
Wawarsing town, Ulster County201129***268**253***
Woodstock town, Ulster County4368***122**335**
Ulster Villages
Ellenville village, Ulster County8154***168***48***
New Paltz village, Ulster County3925***64***31***
Saugerties village, Ulster County5226***98***97***

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing
Arrest Rates, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable