Education






Quality educational opportunities are critical to helping our children develop to their maximum potential and to our community’s ability to compete in the global economy. In this section, we summarize trends in the performance of our area’s educational system. 

In all cases, comparisons to state statistics reflect the state excluding New York City.

The percentage of preschoolers receiving special education services has been increasing since 2000. 
From 2000 to 2017, the share increased almost 3 percentage points, surpassing the  state percentage. In 2017, 7.3% of all 3- to 5-year-olds in the region and 6.4% in the state were receiving special education services. 

Prekindergarten enrollment has been increasing since 2007, but remains below the rate for the state.  
About 28% of the region's 4-year-olds were enrolled in publicly funded prekindergarten programs in 2017, below the 39% rate for the state. Participation was highest in Orange and Sullivan counties (38% and 37% respectively),  followed by Greene (36%). Dutchess had the lowest enrollment at 16%.

Per–student spending by school districts is slightly higher in the region than in the state.
In 2017, per-student spending by school districts in the region was approximately $25,100, more than the state at $23,700. Per-student spending in the region has increased 63% since 2000, even after adjusting for inflation.  Spending in Sullivan County was the highest in the region, about $30,000 per student, followed by Putnam County school districts at $28,100 and Ulster County at $26,300. Dutchess County was the lowest in the region at $23,700 per student.

The region has lower passing rates on fourth–grade English exams than the state.
The 2018 passing rate of 39% in English was 5 points below the state. Passing rates on state tests were significantly lower for low-income, English language learners, and students with disabilities than for their peers. In the region, 28% of low-income fourth-graders passed the English exams, 5% of English language learners, and 7% of students with disabilities.  Sullivan County ‘s economically disadvantaged students had the lowest proficiency rate among the counties at 17% and Columbia and Putnam had the highest (both at 32%). We note that 28% of students in the region opted not to take the exam. 

The region has lower passing rates on fourth–grade math exams than the state.
The 2018 passing rate of 43% in math was 4 points below the state. Passing rates on state tests were significantly lower for low-income, English language learners, and students with disabilities than for their peers. In the region, 28% of low-income fourth-graders passed the math exams, 10% of English language learners, and 9% of students with disabilities. Sullivan County had the lowest proficiency rate among economically disadvantaged students at 21% and Greene and Putnam had the highest (both at 35%). About 30% of students region-wide opted out of the exam.

Both high school graduation and dropout rates are in line with statewide trends. 
By 2018, 87% of the region’s 2014 cohort graduated on time, similar to the state (86%).  About 6% of the cohort dropped out,  just above the state rate of 5%.

An increasing proportion of high school graduates plans to attend college.
In 2017, 83% of high school seniors in the region planned to attend college, with 36% planning to attend a 2-year program and 47% planning to attend a 4-year program. The regional college-bound rate in 2017 was slightly higher than the state rate of 82%. Rates were similar across most of the regional counties except for Putnam where 90% of graduates planned to attend college.

Education levels among adults are rising, with more having a college education.
In 2013-17, 61% of adults had attended at least some college, up from 52% in 2000 and even with the nation. About 31% of the region's residents had a 4-year degree or higher in 2013-17, compared to 25% in 2000. Just 10% of residents in the region did not have a high school diploma in 2013-17. Educational attainment among counties in the region was highest in Putnam County, with 39% of residents possessing a 4-year degree or higher, compared to 22% in Greene and 23% in Sullivan. 

The share of residents with a bachelor’s or higher was highest among Asians in the region (57%), followed by whites (32%), African Americans (21%) and Hispanics (20%). Still, those figures reflect increases of 9 percentage points for African Americans and 7 points for Hispanics from 2000.





INDICATORS TREND | STATE
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Maintaining
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Maintaining
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Decreasing
Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Household Types Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Student Group Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Seniors Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Increasing
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Maintaining
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Domestic Violence Increasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Babies with Low Birth Weights Maintaining
People Living wth HIV Decreasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Violent Crimes Decreasing


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