Children And Youth
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes

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Juvenile Delinquency Intakes

What does this measure?

A juvenile delinquent is a child 7 to 16 years old who has committed an act that, if committed by an adult, would constitute a crime. County probation departments are the point of entry for a juvenile delinquency case, and each case brought to probation by police or another source is called an "intake." This indicator measures the number of intakes per 10,000 children ages 7-16.

Why is this important?

Individuals who commit crimes in their youth are more likely to commit other offenses later in life.

How is the region performing?

In 2021, there were 15 juvenile delinquency intakes in the region per 10,000 juvenile residents, below the state rate (excluding New York City) of 24. The rate in 2021 was a 50% decrease from the previous year and 84% lower than in 2000.

Putnam and Sullivan had the lowest rates in 2021, both at 6, followed by Orange, at 9, and Dutchess, at 13. Greene had the highest rate, at 49 per 10,000 juvenile residents. Sullivan and Putnam drove much of the overall regional decrease. Greene's juvenile delinquency rate, though decreasing since 2017, was the only County to increase since the previous year, by 2%.

Notes about the data

These data do not reflect the ultimate disposition of the case, as not all intakes turn into juvenile delinquency cases; some are diverted into programs and never reach court. The data should not be interpreted as the number of juveniles entering the system, as the same child may have multiple intakes. Also, changes in reporting systems over the decade may affect the overall accuracy of the figures. Raise the Age legislation went into effect October 1, 2018, and changed how cases for youth age 16 at time of crime are processed. Beginning October 1, 2019, these changes also applied to youth age 17 at time of crime. Those charged with misdemeanors are processed as juvenile delinquents (JDs), and those charged with felonies are arraigned in the Youth Part of Superior Court. JD volumes for the years 2015-2017 include only 7 - 15 year olds. Counts for 2018 include a small number of 16 year olds, and the counts for 2019 include 16 year olds and a small number of 17 year olds. Because of the addition of these age groups, case processing counts increased in 2019, particularly for probation intakes and petition filings. Comparable national data were not available. Data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter.

Juvenile Delinquency Intakes
NYS (excluding NYC)96918993908387788068685755514844413835504124

Source: New York State Division of Probation and Correctional Alternatives
Notes: Rates per 10,000 Children ages 7-16.

Number of Juvenile Delinquent Intakes
NYS (excluding NYC)16,79316,03615,77816,50915,90514,55415,02713,28013,48411,24011,1369,1828,8268,0527,3976,7016,1695,6935,1217,2865,9375,587

Source: New York State Division of Probation and Correctional Alternatives

Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Rate of Child Abuse and Neglect Decreasing
Rate of Foster Care Admissions Decreasing
Teen Pregnancy Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Juvenile Delinquency Intakes Decreasing
Bullying at School Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Total Population Increasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Household Types Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Employment by Sector Not Applicable
Spending for County Government Increasing
Tourism Revenue Increasing
Preschoolers Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Decreasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 English, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Economic Background Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 4 Math, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Dropout Rate Decreasing
High School GED Rate Decreasing
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
People Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Seniors Living in Poverty Maintaining
Veterans Living in Poverty Decreasing
Children Receiving Subsidized Child Care Decreasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Deaths from Drug Overdoses Increasing
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care, by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
Babies with Low Birth Weights Increasing
People Living wth HIV Increasing
Mental Health Clinic Visits Decreasing
Homeownership Rates Increasing
Homeless Persons Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Renting Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Domestic Violence Decreasing